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Grammar Reference: Comparison of Adjectives Upgrade 1 - Unit 8.

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1 Grammar Reference: Comparison of Adjectives Upgrade 1 - Unit 8

2 Have you seen the Spielberg’s most recent movie? Of course! I loved it! Isn’t it great? It’s OK, but I prefer Brazilian movies. They are much more realistic. You’re right! Brazilian movies are the best nowadays.

3 Adjectives can be used in the COMPARATIVE and SUPERLATIVE forms. They are used to compare two or more things. In general, comparatives are formed with the particle –er and superlative with –est.

4 In general, in order to form the comparative, we must add the particle –er to the adjectives. e.g. Titanic is longer than Star Wars. Brazil is bigger than Argentina. We use the COMPARATIVE to compare two things.

5 Titanic is sadder than The Notebook. Shrek is funnier and more interesting than Robots.

6 One syllable, ending in E. Examples: large, cute. Add -r: larger, cuter. Only one syllable, with one vowel and one consonant at the end. Examples: thin, big, fat. Double the consonant, and add -er: Thinner, bigger, fatter. Two syllables, ending in Y. Examples: happy, lovely, lonely Change y to i, then add -er: happier, lovelier, lonelier. Two syllables or more, not ending in Y. Examples: interesting, intelligent, beautiful Use “more” before the adjective: more interesting, more intelligent, more beautiful.

7 In general, in order to form the superlative, we must add the particle -est to the adjectives. e.g. Titanic is the longest movie I’ve ever watched. Brazil is the biggest country in South America. We use the SUPERLATIVE to compare more than two things.

8 Lord of the Rings is one of the most famous trilogies! Avatar is one of the most awarded movies!

9 One syllable, ending in E. Examples: large, cute. Add -st: largest, cutest. Only one syllable, with one vowel and one consonant at the end. Examples: thin, big, fat. Double the consonant, and add -est: Thinnest, biggest, fattest. Two syllables, ending in Y. Examples: happy, lovely, lonely. Change y to i, then add -est: happiest, loveliest, loneliest. Two syllables or more, not ending in Y. Examples: interesting, intelligent, beautiful. Use “most” before the adjective: most interesting, most intelligent, most beautiful. !!! Remember that in superlative we need to use “the” before the adjective. For example: the biggest, the largest.

10 ADJECTIVECOMPARATIVESUPERLATIVE GOODBETTERTHE BEST BADWORSETHE WORST FARFARTHER FURTHER THE FARTHEST THE FURTHEST Titanic is better than Star Wars. Titanic is the best film of the decade. Let’s create some more examples?

11 And you? What’s the best movie you’ve ever watched? Choose two movies and compare them using the comparative form. Choose one movie and compare it using the superlative form.


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