Presentation on theme: "MODERN POWERED TORQUING TOOLS"— Presentation transcript:
1MODERN POWERED TORQUING TOOLS SAFE BOLTINGTHE SAFE HANDLINGANDOPERATIONOFMODERN POWERED TORQUING TOOLSWelcome to this interactive instruction on safe bolting practices for industry. It’s presented by Hytorc, but it is intended to be general in nature so that the principles discussed can be applied to all brands and models of heavy duty torquing equipment.Produced by
2ALWAYS FOLLOW CURRENT COMPANY AND LOCAL SAFETY RULES AND PROCEDURES WHEN PERFORMING ANY OF THE WORK DESCRIBED IN THIS PRESENTATION.>No instruction can cover all possibilities and address all problems. The key is to know what to look for, and where to go to get the answers. Always follow your local safety rules and if you ever have a doubt about the safety of any activity, stop and consult your supervisor.Remember, nothing is as important as your safety.The following material is intended to make you aware of the commonly accepted and recognized principles and methods used in assembling bolted joints. However, every possible application of these methods cannot be foreseen and these general guidelines do not supersede any other applicable rules or regulations.
3World’s Largest Manufacturer of Precision Bolting Tools 10 to 1… HYTORC’s vs any other brandHundreds of IndustriesThousands of ApplicationsYou know Hytorc. We’re the world’s oldest and largest manufacturer of precision bolting tools. For every brand-X tool in the marketplace there are 10 Hytorc's in use all over the globe. We’re in hundreds of industries on thousands of applications, from power generation to chemical plants to heavy equipment and oil pipelines. Every time the space shuttle flies, it’s booster rockets were bolted with a Hytorc.
4SAFETY MISSION STATEMENT As the world leader in precision industrial bolting technology Hytorc endorses the improvement of bolting safety and commits to:Lead the industry by example through innovative tool designs and safety-sensitive methods.Promote safety as the primary justification for customers to invest in its products.Educate its customers, their employees and contractors, and the general public in why and how to improve safety in their bolting operations regardless of their tooling choices.Influence business associations, training schools, safety departments, government and industrial standards agencies to adopt and require safer bolting practices for their constituents.As the world leader in bolting technology, Hytorc is committed to putting safety first in all its products and activities:To lead by example by designing safer toolsTo promote safety in its marketing and sales effortsTo educate everyone who uses its tools in how to improve safety on the jobAnd to use its influence to get others to adopt and require safer bolting practices
5LIMITED-CLEARANCE TOOLS THANK YOU FOR PURCHASINGSAFE BOLTING TABLE OF CONTENTSSQUARE-DRIVE TOOLSLIMITED-CLEARANCE TOOLSHYDRAULIC WRENCHESHYDRAULIC PUMPSELECTRIC PUMPSSYSTEM OPERATIONSAFELY USING THE TOOLSAIR PUMPSTIPS AND TROUBLE-SHOOTINGNEW TOOLS & ACCESSORIESSOCKET SAFETYCHARTSAND HELPSClick an item to view or use the space bar to advance
7Use Personal Protective Equipment Since we will be dealing with high pressure hydraulics, hard and potentially sharp metal surfaces, and heavy tools and sockets, before we begin we must put on our personal protective equipment.As a minimum, this should include approved safety glassed with side shields or wrap-around lenses, sturdy gloves and steel-toed shoes. (Depending on the working conditions and local safety rules we may also need a hard hat, other protective footwear, fire or chemical resistant clothing, hearing protection or other specialized gear unique to that job location.)
8Many Kinds of Bolting Tools Hydraulic Wrenchimpact gunstensionersbolt heatersThere are many kinds of bolting tools in use today on heavy industrial joints.Everything from manual tools, to rattle guns, hydraulic tensioners to bolt heaters.But the most versatile and widely used heavy bolting tool is the hydraulic wrench, because it delivers tremendous power, with precision in a compact package with interchangeable accessories that fit on hundreds of applications.cheater bars
9Modern Hydraulic Wrenches POWER IN A SMALL SIZEPRECISE CONTROL AND REPEATABILITYVERSATILITYModern hydraulic wrenches are the most compact, consistent and powerful torquing tools available. The tool contains a hydraulic cylinder which acts like a jack, a drive to engage the nut or bolt, a ratcheting mechanism to allow the drive to reset and a reaction arm to block the tool from turning. They are powered by an external hydraulic pump with variable pressure. Each tool has a known relationship (as shown on a pressure/torque conversion chart) between the desired torque and the required pressure on the pump. Set the pressure and you get the desired torque, no more and no less, subject to the effects of friction and other external factors. Because the oil in the system is not compressible it can be measured very accurately and will give the same results from bolt to bolt.
10Two Basic StylesSquare Drive Socket Style Wrench with Adjustable Reaction ArmHydraulic wrenches come in many variations on two basic styles The most common are those which have a square drive and use standard impact sockets. The advantage of these tools is that it is simple and inexpensive to change to a different size nut by changing the socket.The second type uses special in-line ratcheting links sockets to fit into tight spaces or to pass over protruding studs to reach a nut.We’ll take a closer look at these in just a moment.Narrow Clearance Style with Interchangeable Ratcheting Links
11Choosing The Right Wrench DOES IT FIT?DOES IT HAVEENOUGH POWER?Choosing the right style model of wrench for a specific job is a matter of “fit” and “power”. Will the tool fully engage the nut or bolt and safely react? If it fits, will it have the power to tighten the nut, or what is more difficult, loosen a corroded fastener?Click here to return to Table of Contents,or use the space bar to advance
12The Square Drive Wrench (continue with the 3 on the table)The direction of the wrench, whether to tighten or loosen, is determined by which side of the tool the drive and socket are on. You will note that the drive is offset from the plane of the piston. If we look down on the top of the socket, as the piston travels forward, the drive will be turned in a clockwise direction, tightening the nut.If we want to loosen a nut, depress the drive retainer button and remove the drive from the wrench. Place it in the opposite side, making sure to align the splines and secure it with the retainer. Readjust the reaction arm, taking care to find a solid surface close to the plane of the nut. Now, when we look down on the socket, as the piston travels forward, the socket will be driven counterclockwise unscrewing the nut.The direction of the wrench (tighten or loosen) is marked on the side of the tool and is read on the side opposite the socket.Once the drive is in the correct orientation, reposition the safety handle before proceeding.
13Torque Ranges by Wrench Size 1K5K10K15K20KA-20RECCOMENDED MAX TORQUERESERVEMAX TORQUERES.MAXA-10A-5A-3As a rule of thumb the maximum torque required for the job should be about 75% of the capacity of the tool. This leaves another 25% reserve power so that the same tool can be used to break loose the bolt after it has been in place for some time. The life of the tool will also be extended if it is not regularly pushed to work at its maximum output.Since the ranges of the tools overlap, it may be best to choose the next larger tool to ensure enough power, as long as it fits the application.A-1Torque in 000’S FT/LBSClick here to return to Table of Contents,or use the space bar to advance
15RECCOMENDED MAX TORQUE The same rules apply to the torque ranges of the Narrow Clearance WrenchesS-22RECCOMENDED MAX TORQUERESERVEMAX TORQUERES.MAXS-14S-8The same rules apply to the torque ranges of the narrow clearance wrenches in applications where extreme space restrictions or long studs are involved.S-4S-22K7K15K15K20KClick here to return to Table of Contents,or use the space bar to advanceTorque in 000’S FT/LBS
16Questions for ReviewThe power output of a hydraulic wrench depends on the diameter of its piston and what other factor? How is that power regulated and controlled?How does one change the direction of a square drive wrench from tighten to loosen?How does one change the direction of a narrow clearance wrench from tighten to loosen?Output power is function of the diameter of the piston and the pressureper square inch of hydraulic fluid. The pressure is controlled by adjusting the pressure regulator on the pump.Remove the drive and place it in the opposite side of the wrench.Turn the wrench over.Click here to return to Table of Contents,or use the space bar to advance
17Questions for ReviewTrue or FalseTo minimize “side loading” of a stud, the reaction arm of the tool should rest in the same plane as the nut?Why is it generally a good practice to use only up to about ¾ of the capacity of a wrench to tighten?True: The reaction arm should abut a solid surface in the same plane as the nut, or as close as possible.Generally it will take more power to break a nut or bolt loose thanit did to tighten it. In order to use the same wrench for both, it isusually advisable to not use the entire capacity of the wrench to tighten.Click here to return to Table of Contents,or use the space bar to advance
18Principles & Types of Hydraulic Pumps Click here to return to Table of Contents,or use the space bar to advance18
19Electric Powered Pumps Click here to return to Table of Contents,or use the space bar to advance19
20Air Powered Pumps Click here to return to Table of Contents, or use the space bar to advance20
21System Operation Click here to return to Table of Contents, or use the space bar to advance21
22Questions for ReviewTrue or False:It would be a good idea to use an electric powered hydraulic pump in an oil refinery because compressed air is not usually available.Setting an accurate pump pressure is more important for tightening or for loosening?False. Most refinery vessels contain flammable liquids or gases. Use of electric motors is not a good idea. An air powered pump is preferred.Tightening. Loosening only requires enough pressure to break the nutloose but accuracy is not important.
23Questions for ReviewCan I tell by looking, if the hydraulic oil is still serviceable? How?Which is the appropriate way to set pump pressure?Lower to higherHigher to lowerIt doesn’t matterYes. Generally if the oil is clear and amber colored it is good.Lower to higher. This has to do with how gauges accurately measure pressure.Click here to return to Table of Contents,or use the space bar to advance
24SAFELY OPERATING HYDRAULIC TORQUE WRENCHES (SELECT TYPE OF WRENCH)AVANTI (SQUARE DRIVE) WRENCHESSTEALTH (NARROW CLEARANCE) WRENCHESClick here to return to table of contents
34Safely Operating a Narrow-Clearance Hydraulic Wrench Click here to return to Table of Contents,or use the space bar to advance34
35Questions for ReviewTrue or FalseThe wrench will stall when it has reached the target torque corresponding to the preset pressure?If p.s.i. will produce 300 ft/lbs of torque with a given wrench, how much torque will result at 7500 p.s.i. with that same wrench?A nut won’t come loose at the same pressure it was tightened with. What should be done? What if it doesn’t move at 10,000 p.s.i.?True. It is not necessary to watch the gauge or to stop advancing thepump at a certain pressure.900 ft/lbs. The relationship between pressure and torque is essentiallylinear, allowing you to interpolate values in the pressure/torque table.Turn up the pressure.You will need a larger wrench with more power.Click here to return to Table of Contents,or use the space bar to advance35
36THANK YOU ! Click here to return to table of contents Thank you for your time and attention.Click here to return to table of contents
37TIPS AND TROUBLESHOOTING PUMP MOTOR "CLICKS" BUT WON'T STARTPUMP MOTOR RUNS BUT WON'T BUILD PRESSUREPUMP PRESSURIZES BUT TOOL WON'T ADVANCEAIR MOTOR RUNS SLOWLY OR PUMP WON'T CYCLEPUMP WON'T BUILD FULL PRESSURE OR NEEDLE BOUNCESTOOL LOCKED ONClick on an item to view or press space bar to advanceClick here to return to table of contents
38TIPS AND TROUBLESHOOTING (ELECTRIC PUMP MOTOR “CLICKS” BUT WILL NOT START) PROBLEM:ELECTRIC PUMP MOTOR WILL NOT START BUT YOU CAN HEAR A “CLICK” WHEN THE REMOTE IS PRESSEDPROBABLE CAUSES/CURES:INSUFFICIENT VOLTAGE/AMPERAGE DELIVEREDCHECK VOLTAGE AND MAKE SURE ON 20 AMP CIRCUITELIMINATE EXTENSION CORDS OR ENSURE AT LEAST 12 GAUGE CORD IS USEDLOOSE WIRE IN REMOTE CONTROL OR CIRCUIT BOXCONSULT YOUR ON-SITE ELECTRICIANCALL YOUR SALES REP, OR FOR ASSISTANCE OR FURTHER DIAGNOSISClick here to return to TIPSOr press space bar to advance
39TIPS AND TROUBLESHOOTING (PUMP WILL NOT BUILD PRESSURE) PROBLEM:PUMP MOTOR RUNS BUT WILL NOT BUILD PRESSURE ON THE GAUGEPROBABLE CAUSES/CURES:NO OIL IN THE PUMPCHECK OIL AND REFILL IF NEEDED – DO NOT RUN DRY!GAUGE CONNECTOR LOOSECHECK AND RE-TIGHTEN GAUGE CONNECTORDAMAGE TO ELECTRIC SOLENOID OR AIR VALVELOOSE WIRE IN REMOTE CONTROL OR DAMAGE TO AIR CAPILLARY TUBESCALL YOUR SALES REP, OR FOR ASSISTANCE OR FURTHER DIAGNOSISClick here to return to TIPSOr press space bar to advance
40TIPS AND TROUBLESHOOTING (PUMP PRESSURIZES BUT TOOL WON’T ADVANCE) PROBLEM:PUMP PRESSURIZES, HOSES STIFFEN BUT TOOL WON’T MOVE)PROBABLE CAUSE:ONE OR MORE OF THE CHECK-BALL CONNECTORS HAS LOOSENED OR WAS NOT TIGHTENED FULLYCURE:RE-CHECK THE TIGHTNESS OF THE CONNECTORS BOTH AT TOOL AND AT THE PUMPPUSH THE HOSE INTO THE COUPLING AND FINGER-TIGHTEN THE THREADED COLLAR. DO NOT USE TOOLS, AS YOU WILL BEND THE COLLAR AND MAKE FUTURE CONNECTIONS DIFFICULT!Click here to return to TIPSOr press space bar to advanceSlide 5
41TIPS AND TROUBLESHOOTING (AIR PUMP RUNS SLOWLY OR WILL NOT RELEASE PRESSURE) PROBLEM:AIR PUMP BUILDS PRESSURE VERY SLOWLY OR WILL NOT RELEASE PRESSURE WHEN THE BUTTON IS RELEASEDPROBABLE CAUSES/CURES:LOW AIR PRESSURE OR VOLUMEENSURE 100 PSI - ¾” MIN. AIR LINE CU.FT./MINUTE FLOWAIR LEAKS OR RESTRICTIONSCHECK AIR CONNECTIONS, HOSES AND F.R.L FOR PROBLEMSMUFFLER CLOGGEDUNSCREW MUFFLER AND CLEANCHECK FOR FROZEN WATER VAPOR IN COLD WEATHER, IF SO ENSURE THAT F.R.L IS CLEAR AND OPERATING PROPERLYEVACUATE AIR SUPPLY HOSE OF AIR OR WATER BUILDUPClick here to return to TIPSOr press space bar to advance
42TIPS AND TROUBLESHOOTING (PUMP WON’T BUILD FULL PRESSURE OR NEEDLE BOUNCES) PROBLEM:PUMP WON’T BUILD FULL 10,000 PSI OR NEEDLE WILL NOT HOLD STEADY AT THE PRE-SET PRESSUREPROBABLE CAUSES/CURES:EXTERNAL OIL LEAKCHECK FOR ANY ESCAPING OIL FROM PUMP, CONNECTORS, HOSES ORINTERNAL OIL LEAK IN EITHER TOOLS OR PUMPDISCONNECT THE HOSE FROM THE PUMP. IF PROBLEM GOES AWAY THEN THE LEAK IS IN THE TOOLIF PROBLEM PERSISTS, INTERNAL PUMP SEALS ARE LEAKINGCALL YOUR SALES REP, OR FOR ASSISTANCE OR FURTHER DIAGNOSISClick here to return to TIPSOr press space bar to advance
43TIPS AND TROUBLESHOOTING (TOOL LOCKED ON) PROBLEM:AFTER TORQUING, TOOL IS LOCKED ON AND CAN’T BE REMOVEDPROBABLE CAUSE:TORSION BUILDUP IN THE BOLT IS PUSHING AGAINST THE REACTION PAWL IN THE TOOL (NOTE: THE REACTION PAWL ENABLES THE TOOL TO REACH FULL TORQUE ON THE BOLT IN SPITE OF TORSION OR WIND-UP)CURE:WITHOUT CHANGING THE PUMP PRESSURE, START THE PUMP AND HOLD DOWN THE PUMP REMOTE BUTTON DRIVING THE TOOL FORWARDWHILE HOLDING THE BUTTON DOWN, LIFT AND HOLD THE REACTION PAWL LEVER OR SLIDERELEASE THE REMOTE BUTTON, THE TOOL WILL RELAX AND COME OFF WITHOUT A PROBLEMClick here to return to TIPS
44CHARTS AND RESOURCES TORQUE CHARTS ’PRESSURE-TO-TORQUE’ CHARTS FLANGE PATTERN CALCULATOR(Must be connected toInternet for these links )ADDITIONAL TRAINING AND ASSISTANCEClick here to return to table of contents
45PRESSURE-TORQUE CONVERSION CHARTS AVANTI (SQUARE DRIVE) WRENCHESSTEALTH (NARROW CLEARANCE) WRENCHESClick here to return to RESOURCES
46TORQUE CHARTS UN (unified national) “inch” bolts Metric (ISO) bolts Torque in Foot-PoundsMetric (ISO) boltsTorque in Newton-metersClick here to return to RESOURCES