Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Pneumatic Components Review These Slides and Build a Working Pneumatic Circuit."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction to Pneumatic Components Review These Slides and Build a Working Pneumatic Circuit
Introduction to Pneumatic Components Bicycle Pump Energy Transformation Storage Reservoir Energy Storage 3 Way Shut Off Valve Energy Control Regulator Energy Control Solenoid Valve Energy Control Pneumatic Cylinder or Linear Actuator Energy Transformation Order of Air Flow
Pump Handle Pump Tube or Cylinder Pressure Gauge Fill Valve With Locking Lever Foot Stand Piston Rod Piston Bicycle Pump Converts Mechanical Energy into the Potential Energy of Pressurized Air Charges the Pneumatic Battery
Pneumatic Reservoir Schrader Valve Connects to Pump Mounting Nuts (2) One Touch Quick Connect Fitting Connects to 3 Way Valve Air Storage Capacity is a Function of Pressure x Volume = Capacity Energy Stored as Compressed Air
3 Way Valve Finger Knob Shown in Off Position Outlet Port To Regulator Inlet Port From Reservoir Direction Arrow On Valve Body Three Operational States or Modes OFF – Vent – On
The Regulator Pressure Adjusting Knob *Pull out before turning *Push in to lock *Turn Clockwise to Raise Pressure. Pressure Gauge psi 0-1 MPa Air Flow Directional Arrow Lower Pressure Settings Means Less Air Consumption High Pressure Inlet Controlled Pressure Side
The Regulator continued
Note: Be certain to verify the direction of air flow through the regulator. The incoming air (from The 3 Way Valve) Enters the port marked with an arrow.
3/2 Solenoid Valve Solenoid Wires Exhaust Port E Pressure Port P1 From Regulator Actuator Port A2 Valve Body
The Pneumatic Cylinder or Linear Actuator Speed Valve Piston and Rod Clevis One Touch Quick Connect Fitting Cylinder Body Pneumatic Mounting Bracket Cylinder Force = Pressure x Piston Area
One Touch Quick Connectors
Pneumatic Component Connections Build It Test It Use It
After Building and Testing the Pneumatic Circuit Determine These Performance Characteristics 1.How many times will the pneumatic cylinder cycle at 50 psi when the reservoir is charged to 150 psi? 2.What is the theoretical force of the piston at 50 psi? 3.What is the actual force of the piston at 50 psi? 4.What is the speed of the piston in inches per second at 50 psi? 5.Does pressure affect speed and if so, can you measure and graph the relationship? Which answers can be found mathematically? Which should be measured directly?