Presentation on theme: "Evolution Industries, Inc. Updated October 1, 2010."— Presentation transcript:
Evolution Industries, Inc. Updated October 1, 2010
Keep all tools in good working condition. Use the right tool for the job. Inspect all tools prior to use and do not use damaged tools. Operate tools according to manufacturer’s specifications. Use the correct personal safety equipment. *OSHA is the Occupational Safety and Health Administration under the United States Department of Labor.
Keep work area clean, organized, and well-lighted Immediately clean up spills Always use appropriate safety gear Dress appropriately for lab work NEVER use tools when under the influence of drugs/alcohol Stay alert. Pay close attention when using tools at all times Keep all guards operational and in place at all times Ensure that work piece is free from nuts, staples, or other objects that could become projectiles Follow guidelines for safe use of each individual tool at all times Do not use tools for jobs for which they were not intended Avoid overreaching. Maintain stability and balance at all times. Keep children and pets away from work areas.
Hand tools are tools that are powered manually. (No battery, No power cord) Examples include chisels, hammers, wrenches, and knives. The greatest dangers from hand tools result from misuse and improper maintenance.
When using saw blades and knives, direct the tools away from yourself, other employees, and aisles. Knives and scissors must be sharp. Cracked saw blades should be replaced. Impact tools such as chisels should be kept free from mushroomed heads. Wooden handles of tools must be free from splinters and cracks. The jaws of wrenches must not be sprung to the point where they slip. They should not be used if this occurs.
PLIERS WRENCHES Do not increase a plier’s handle length to gain more leverage, instead choose larger sized pliers. Never subject pliers to temperatures that could decrease tool hardness. Cut hardened wire only with pliers designed for that purpose. Do not substitute a pliers for a wrench when turning nuts and bolts. Be sure the plier’s jaws can grasp properly when bending rigid wire. Do not hammer with pair of pliers. Use non-sparking pliers when in the presence of flammable vapors or dust. Use metric wrenches for metric bolts and American inch wrenches for inch- sized bolts. By using the correct size, the wrench is less prone to slip or round off the fastener corners. Do not expose a wrench to temperatures that could weaken tool hardness Always try to pull on a wrench (instead of pushing) in case the fastener loosens. Do not over torque a fastener. Use a torque wrench to tighten the fastener to the exact torque required. Inspect wrenches periodically for damage, such as cracking, severe wear or distortion.
HAMMERSSCREWDRIVERS Always use a hammer of the proper weight and size for the task. Do not strike the surface at an angle. The hammer face should contact the striking surface squarely, so the two are parallel. Do not use a hammer if the handle is damaged or loose. Use a hammer face that is 3/8" larger in diameter than the striking tool. Never weld, heat or regrind a hammer head. Remove from service any hammer exhibiting signs of excessive wear, cracks, mushrooming or chips. Do not use one hammer to strike another. Never use a screwdriver as a pry bar, chisel, punch, stirrer or scraper. Always use a screwdriver tip that properly fits the slot of the screw. Throw away screwdrivers with broken or worn handles. Never expose screwdrivers to temperatures that could reduce tip hardness. Turn power off and use electrically insulated screwdrivers when working on or around electrical components. Straighten tips or redress rounded edges with file. Use both hands when using a screwdriver—one guide the tip and the other to turn the handle.
Power tools are determined by their power source: electric, pneumatic, hydraulic, powder-actuated, liquid fuel. Never carry a tool by the cord or hose. Never yank the cord or the hose to disconnect it from the receptacle. Keep cords and hoses away from heat, oil, and sharp edges. Disconnect tools when not using them, before servicing and cleaning them, and when changing accessories such as blades, bits, and cutters. Keep all people not involved with the work at a safe distance from the work area. Secure work with clamps or a vise, freeing both hands to operate the tool. Avoid accidental starting. Do not hold fingers on the switch button while carrying a plugged-in tool. Maintain tools with care; keep them sharp and clean for best performance.
Electric Tools (powered by electricity) Do not use electric tools in damp or wet locations unless they are approved for that purpose. Keep work areas well lighted when operating electric tools. Ensure that cords from electric tools do not present a tripping hazard. Ensure that cords are kept away from heat, sharp edges, and oil. Operate electric tools within their design limitations. Store electric tools in a dry place when not in use. *Among the most serious hazards from electrical tools are electrical burns and shocks.
Pneumatic Tools (powered by compressed air) Hoses should be protected from heat and sharp edges. Tools must be fastened securely to the air hose Compressed air tools should never be pointed towards anyone. Never “dead end” the tool against yourself or anyone else in order to attach it. Use of loud pneumatic tools requires hearing protection. *The most common danger associated with pneumatic tools is getting hit with one of the tools attachments or fasteners.
Hydraulic Tools (powered by fluid) Hydraulic jacks should never exceed load limit as stated by manufacturer. A jack should never be used for support on a lifted load. Once the load is lifted, it must be blocked. To set up a jack make sure the base of the jack is on a stable surface. Center the jack. Ensure the jack head bears against a level surface.
Guide to Hand Tools; The Hand Tool Institute, Tarrytown, NY, 1985. OSHA's Safety and Health Topics Hand and Power ToolsHand and Power Tools