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Weather Services for Emergency Management John Paul Cragg March 2012 Meteorological Service of Canada Calgary June 2005 Edmonton July 11, 2004 Calgary.

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Presentation on theme: "Weather Services for Emergency Management John Paul Cragg March 2012 Meteorological Service of Canada Calgary June 2005 Edmonton July 11, 2004 Calgary."— Presentation transcript:

1 Weather Services for Emergency Management John Paul Cragg March 2012 Meteorological Service of Canada Calgary June 2005 Edmonton July 11, 2004 Calgary November 27, 2011 Calgary August 9, 1999 W Maple Creek, June 19, 2010 (Kevin Wingert) Pine Lake July 14, 2000 (Dennis Dudley)

2 Page 2 Environment Canada Meteorologists, Who We Are The Impacts Of Weather On Saskatchewan Weather Information That Environment Canada Provides And Where You Can Find It Extra Services Provided To EMO Future EC Weather Services Weather Services for Emergency Management

3 Page 3 Warning Preparedness Meteorologist Focus on Severe/High Impact weather Media spokesperson Severe/High Impact Weather Work with Emergency Measure Organizations (Environment Canada products and services, weather safety and preparedness, reviewing and participating emergency exercises, etc.) Storm Site Surveys (major weather event)

4 Page 4 PASPC - Largest area of responsibility in the world –~140 forecast regions –Over 800 warning regions –Large marine responsibility –9 Doppler Radars

5 Page 5

6 Page 6

7 Page 7

8 Page 8 The impacts of weather

9 Page 9 Natural Disasters In Canada over the last century, 80% of all natural disasters were Weather or Water related!!! (Pine Lake July 2000, photo courtesy Dennis Dudley EC)

10 Page 10 Emergencies – Direct Result of Weather Thunderstorms (large hail, damaging winds, intense lightning, flash flooding) Damaging winds (non Thunderstorm) Heavy Rains (flooding) Tornadoes (Saskatchewan ~ 12/year) Heavy Snow Blizzards Extreme Wind chills Freezing Rain

11 avg. Severe Thunderstorm Event Stats Of course, this only includes the events we are told about or otherwise detect! EVENT TYPEALBERTASASKATCHEWANMANITOBATOTAL HAIL WIND TORNADO RAIN76721 TOTAL

12

13 Plus Lightning! Total Lightning Days Summer 2010

14 14 Flooding July 1st 2010– Thunderstorm complex tracked through central SK into the MB Interlake. Golf ball to baseball sized hail in central SK and flash flooding in Yorkton, SK.

15 15 Flooding July 22nd 2010– Slow-moving intense thunderstorm produced 125 mm (5 inches) of rain in the North Battleford.

16 16 Tornadoes Widespread Damage from Devastating F3 Tornado in Kawacatoose First Nation and around Raymore and Semans, July 2, 2010.

17 Winter Severe Weather Kills and injuries many more Canadians than Summer Severe Weather –Traffic collisions –Snow shovelling –Slips and falls –Hypothermia/exposure to cold Storms on a massive scale with large impacts

18 Scale of a Summer Storm One storm covering part of a county

19 L X Snow Heavy Snow Rain Showers Freezing Rain One storm covering thousands of square kilometres Scale of a Winter Storm

20 Page 20 Emergencies – Weather Secondary Impact Major Fires Well Blow-outs Pipeline ruptures Train Derailments Major Chemical spills/releases Etc.

21 Weather Information that Environment Canada provides and where you can find it 21

22 Environment Canada’s Weather Service number 1 mandate is to provide Canadians with as much lead time as possible in advance of severe events throughout the year 22 Environment Canada Watch/Warning Program

23 Weather Warnings, Weather Watches and Special Weather Statements 23

24 Special Weather Statement Significantly unusual and noteworthy weather that does not necessarily meet weather warning criteria –Early or Late seasonal Snowfall (less than 10 cm) –Extensive fog, smoke or airborne dust –Patchy freezing drizzle Lead time 12 hours to 2 days 24

25 Weather Watch WATCH - Yellow Alert –Nothing may be happening, but the potential exists for severe thunderstorms to develop within the next few hours (watch generally issued with 2-6 hrs lead time) –Stay tuned for updated forecasts/warnings Summer (Thunderstorm and Tornadoes) - target lead time Tornado watch: 1 to 2 hours - target lead time for Thunderstorm watch: 6 hours Winter (Winter Storms) - target lead time 12 to 48 hours

26 Weather Warning WARNING – Red Alert –Tornado and Severe Thunderstorm Warnings Severe weather is occurring or immanent, Take immediate action! –Other Weather Warnings Severe weather is occurring or is expected to occur within the next 12 hours Summer (Tornadoes and Severe Thunderstorms) - target lead time for Tornado Warnings: 30 minutes - target lead time for Severe Thunderstorm Warnings: 30 minutes Other Weather Warnings (Blizzard, Snowfall, Rainfall, Wind, etc) - target lead time 12 hours 26

27 Weather Watch – Be aware of the potential dangers !

28 Weather Warning – Take Action!

29 Lightning… Environment Canada Does not issue Watches and Warnings if lightning is the only threat.

30 Page 30

31 Page 31

32 Large Scale Regions – Forecasts, Watches, Winter Warnings

33 Small Scale Warning Regions – Severe Thunderstorm or Tornado

34 Radar Imagery Imagery available in near real- timeImagery available in near real- time Loops at 10 minute intervals over a 1 or 3 hour periodLoops at 10 minute intervals over a 1 or 3 hour period

35 Page 35 Historical Weather Data

36 Page 36 Seasonal Forecasts

37 Page 37 Seasonal Forecasts

38 Page 38 Seasonal Forecasts

39 Page 39 Seasonal Forecasts

40 Page 40 (*62 City Pages)

41 Weatheradio Continuous broadcast of weather info Line of sight broadcast…trees, hills may disrupt signal Standby mode  Tone Alert when Warnings issued Specific Area Message Encoding – (SAME) Get the Warnings for YOUR area Special frequencies…so require a special receiver

42 Page 42 Extra Services Provided To EMO

43 Page 43 Environment Canada EMO Training Sessions 1)Weather Services for EMO’s 2)Weather Safety and Weather Preparedness (general weather) 3)Storm Recognition (summer focus)

44 Emergency Exercises Assist in hazard identification and risk assessment Assist in exercise design Provision of mock weather bulletins Presentation on severe weather as prelude to exercise

45 Page 45 EC Storm Prediction Centres STORM ( ) To be used by Emergency Management Personnel (municipal, provincial or federal) for major emergencies or catastrophic events when; –Current weather forecast lacks detail necessary to combat situation or Significant discrepancy between EC weather forecast and current conditions

46 Page 46 Wabamum, AB August 3, Rail cars derailed Up to 1.3 million litres of heavy Bunker C Fuel Oil spilled from rail cars Spilled substance made it to the lake Emergency request made to Environment Canada to provide specialized point weather forecast to assist clean-up operations

47 Page 47 Specialized Product

48 Page 48 Tsuu T’ina Nation Garbage Fire Feb 15, 2012 (SW Calgary, Feb 15/12, Rick Donkers YYC Herald)

49 Page 49 Hythe AB, Gas Well Blow-Out February 24, 2010 Gas well blow-out Environment Canada Environmental Emergency Response Section (Dec 20, 2011 Port Lambton On Marina fire, dispersion model information available in 58 minutes) (Photo courtesy CBC News)

50 Page 50 Specialized Product

51 Page 51 Future EC Weather Services

52 Page 52 Future EC Weather Services – I-Alert

53 Page 53 Future EC Weather Services – I-Alert ( notification)

54 Page 54 Future EC Weather Services – I-Alert

55 Page 55 I-Alert Output (Long Message) (Short Message)

56 Page 56 MASAS (Multi-Agency Situational Awareness System) Goal: Enable sharing of location based situational awareness non-sensitive information and alerts between Emergency Management and Response Agencies

57 Page 57 MASAS (view or apply to sign up) (technical details)

58 Page 58 Future EC Weather Services “Early Notification Project” Providing some type of information service to highlight significant weather for a 3 day period Focus on “High Impact Weather” Base weather information on known weather sensitivities

59 Page 59 EMO Weather Outlook (Example) Significant Weather Discussion for Ontario Provincial Emergency Operations Centre provided by Environment Canada’s Ontario Storm Prediction Centre issued at 5:00 AM EST Friday 20 January Discussion valid for today, tonight and Saturday with an outlook for Sunday.  Today… Cold Arctic air will generate flurries and localized snow squalls to the east of Lake Superior, affecting Hwy 17. A snow squall watch will likely be upgraded to a warning as the squalls intensify later this morning. Snowfall amounts up to 15 centimetres are possible. Otherwise no significant weather is expected.  Tonight... Flurries and squalls east of Lake Superior will gradually weaken and shift south. An area of snow from a passing disturbance south of the Great Lakes will give upwards of 5 cm across southwestern Ontario (grazing the GTA). There is high confidence in this event.  Saturday… No significant weather is expected.  Outlook for Sunday... A more significant disturbance will head towards the upper Great Lakes with 10 to 15 centimetres of snow possible around Lake Superior and northeast toward Hearst and Timmins.

60 Page 60 In Closing; 1) (Emergency Environment Canada Weather Services Contact Number) 2)Specialized Emergency Services for EMO’s (emergency phone consultation, atmospheric dispersion products, specialized forecasts for longer term catastrophic situations, etc.) 3)I can be contacted at or after May 1 st


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