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1 MANAJEMEN PROYEK BAMBANG L. HAKIM, ST, M.KOM Jurusan Teknik Elektro UIN SUSKA Riau.

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Presentation on theme: "1 MANAJEMEN PROYEK BAMBANG L. HAKIM, ST, M.KOM Jurusan Teknik Elektro UIN SUSKA Riau."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 MANAJEMEN PROYEK BAMBANG L. HAKIM, ST, M.KOM Jurusan Teknik Elektro UIN SUSKA Riau

2 2 Tujuan Perkuliahan Mahasiswa memahami prinsip-prinsip dasar dan teknik-teknik dalam mengelola proyek mulai dari tahap perumusan, perencanaan, eksekusi sampai pada tahap delivery dan penutupan proyek.

3 3 Materi Intro Organization LeadershipTeams Partnering Monitoring Progress Audit & Closure Define Project Project Networks Reducing Project Time Scheduling Resources Managing Risks

4 4 The Technological and Sociocultural Dimensions of the Project Management Process Sociocultural Leadership Problem solving Teamwork Negotiation Politics Customer expectations Technical Scope WBS Schedules Resource allocation Baseline budgets Status reports

5 5 Evaluasi No.KeteranganBobot 1.Tugas 30% 2.UTS 35% 3.UAS 35% TOTAL 100%

6 6 Bahan Pustaka Project Management, the Managerial Process, Gray & Larson, Mc Graw Hill, Project Management, A System Approach to Planning, Scheduling & Controlling, Kerzner, John Wiley, Project Management, Techniques in Planning and Controlling Construction Projects, Ahuja dkk, Wiley, Project Management for Engineering & Construction, Oberlender, Mc Graw Hill, 2000.

7 7 FIRST THINGS FIRST : WHAT IS A PROJECT ??? The characteristics of projects : –Complex and numerous activities –Unique --- a one time set of events –Limited resources and budget –Many people involved, usually across several functional areas in the organizations –Sequenced activities –Goal oriented –End product or service must result

8 8 Variasi Produk vs Volume Volume Variasi Produk RendahTinggi Rendah Tinggi PROJECT JOBBING BATCH LINE CONTINUOUS PROCESS

9 9 Project Management The art and science of coordinating people, equipment, materials, money and schedules to complete a specified project on time and within approved cost.

10 10 Everyone is a project manager, but… not everyone knows how to plan and manage the project

11 11 Manajemen Proyek vs Kegiatan Operasional KEGIATAN PROYEKKEGIATAN OPERASIONAL a.Bercorak dinamis, non rutin b.Siklus proyek relatif pendek c.Intensitas kegiatan didalam periode siklus proyek berfluktuasi d.Kegiatan harus diselesaikan berdasarkan anggaran dan jadwal yang telah ditentukan e.Terdiri dari bermacam-macam kegiatan yang memerlukan berbagai disiplin ilmu f.Keperluan sumber daya berubah, baik macam maupun volumenya a.Berulang-ulang (rutin) b.Berlangsung dalam jangka panjang c.Intensitas kegiatan relatif sama. d.Batasan anggaran dan jadwal tidak setajam dalam proyek. e.Macam-macam kegiatan tidak terlalu banyak dan terkadang terdiri dari disiplin ilmu tunggal. f.Macam dan volume keperluan sumber daya relatif konstan.

12 12 PROJECT SYSTEMS Quality Estimating Safety Equipment Control Sub Contract Admin Control Cost Control General Accounting Material Control Progress Control Small control tool Payroll & Personnel Project Performance Analysis Document control PROJECT

13 13 Project Constraints/Trade-Offs SCOPE BUDGET SCHEDULE Quality

14 14 Project Life Cycle DefinitionPlanningExecutionDelivery Level of effort 1. Goals 2. Specifications 3. Tasks 4. Responsibilities 5. Teams 1. Schedules 2. Budgets 3. Resources 4. Risks 5. Staffing 1. Status reports 2. Changes 3. Quality 4. Forecasts 1. Train customer 2. Transfer documents 3. Release resources 4. Reassign staff 5. Lessons learned

15 15

16 16 PLAN Identify project activities Estimate time & cost Sequence project activities Identify critical activities Write project proposal WBS Project Network Critical Path Project Proposal

17 17 ORGANIZE Recruitment Criteria Work Package Description Work Package Assignments

18 18 CONTROL Variance Reports Status Reports Staff Allocations Reports CLOSE Final Reports Audit Reports

19 19 Start of project Before project During project Project Planning Project Scheduling Project Controlling Project Planning, Scheduling & Controlling

20 20 Perencanaan Penetapan tujuan Mendefinisikan proyek Mengkaitkan kebutuhan dengan aktivitas proyek Mengorganisasikan team

21 21 Tools Perencanaan Proyek Estimasi waktu dan biaya Anggaran Cash flow Ketersediaan bahan Data personel Gambar-gambar teknik

22 22 Penjadwalan Proyek Mengkaitkan sumber daya (TK, uang, bahan) dengan aktivitas-aktivitas tertentu. Mengkaitkan satu aktivitas dengan aktivitas yang lain. Meng-update dan merevisi jadwal secara berkala.

23 23 Tools Penjadwalan Proyek Gantt charts CPM dan PERT Milestone chart Cash flow schedules

24 24 Pengendalian Proyek Memonitor sumber daya, biaya, kualitas dan budgets. Merevisi dan merubah rencana. Menggeser-geser sumber daya untuk memenuhi permintaan terhadap waktu, biaya dan kualitas.

25 25 Tools Pengendalian Proyek Report-report yang menggambarkan : –Anggaran untuk setiap departemen –Aktivitas-aktivitas yang tertunda –Slack activities –Kualitas pekerjaan yang telah diselesaikan.

26 26 Project Systems Project Plan & Schedule Revisions & Updates Production Dept. Purchasing Dept. Personnel Dept. Engineering Dept. Subcontractors Quality Control Dept. Supplies Resources Top Management Project Team Ruang Lingkup Pekerjaan Manajer Proyek Performance Reports Feedback loop Information regarding times, costs, problem, delays

27 27 Key areas of project management and project managers Planning Scheduling Budgeting Managing resources Tracking & reporting progress

28 28 Integrated Management of Projects Customer Environmental analysis ExternalInternal Firm mission, goals, strategies Priorities Projects Environment and Culture System Project Implementation Scope Work Breakdown Networks Resources Cost Organization Leadership Teams Partners

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