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4 - 1 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Consolidated Techniques and Procedures Chapter.

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Presentation on theme: "4 - 1 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Consolidated Techniques and Procedures Chapter."— Presentation transcript:

1 4 - 1 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Consolidated Techniques and Procedures Chapter 4

2 4 - 2 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Learning Objective 1 Prepare consolidated working papers for the year of acquisition when the parent company uses the full equity method to account for its investment in a subsidiary.

3 4 - 3 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Equity Method – Year of Acquisition 1.Prep pays $87,000 for 80% interest in Snap on January 1, when Snap stockholders’ equity consists of $60,000 capital stock and $30,000 retained earnings. 2.The $15,000 excess of investment cost is allocated to patents.

4 4 - 4 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Equity Method – Year of Acquisition Snap’s net income and dividends are as follows: 2003 Net income$25,000 Dividends$15, Net income$30,000 Dividends$15,000

5 4 - 5 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Working Paper Entries Adjusting and eliminating entries on the working papers do not affect the general ledger accounts. aIncome from Snap18,500 Dividends12,000 Investment in Snap 6,500 To eliminate income and dividend from Snap and return the investment account to its beginning balance

6 4 - 6 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Working Paper Entries bMinority Interest Expense5,000 Dividends Snap3,000 Minority Interest2,000 To enter minority interest share of subsidiary income and dividends

7 4 - 7 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Working Paper Entries cRetained Earnings, Snap30,000 Capital Stock, Snap60,000 Patents15,000 Investment in Snap87,000 Minority Interest18,000 To eliminate reciprocal equity and investment balances, establish beginning minority interest, and enter unamortized patents

8 4 - 8 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Working Paper Entries dExpenses1,500 Patents1,500 To enter current amortization

9 4 - 9 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Revenue Income from Snap Expenses Minority interest Net income Retained earnings P Retained earnings S Add net income Deduct dividends Retained earnings Dec (200) (30) (40) (15) 40 a 18.5 d 1.5 b 5 c 30 a 12 b (241.5) (5) (30) 43.5 Working Papers for Year of Acquisition Adjustments and Eliminations Consolidated Income Statement Prep Snap Dr. Cr. Statements

10 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Cash Other current assets Investment in Snap Plant and equipment Accum. depreciation Patents Total assets Liabilities Capital stock Retained earnings Total Minority1/1 interest 12/ (50) (30) c 15 c 60 a 6.5 c 87 d 1.5 c 18 b (80) Working Papers for Year of Acquisition Adjustments and Eliminations Consolidated Balance Sheet Prep Snap Dr. Cr. Statements

11 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Sequence of Working Paper Entries 1.Adjustments for errors and omissions in the separate parent company and subsidiary statements 2. Adjustments to eliminate intercompany profits and losses 3. Adjustments to eliminate income and dividends from subsidiary and adjust the investment in subsidiary to its beginning-of-the-period balance

12 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Sequence of Working Paper Entries 4. Adjustment to record the minority interest in subsidiary’s earnings and dividends 5. Elimination of reciprocal investment in subsidiary and subsidiary equity balances 6. Allocation and amortization of cost/book value differentials 7. Elimination of other reciprocal balances

13 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Learning Objective 2 Prepare consolidated working papers for the year subsequent to acquisition.

14 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Equity Method – Year Subsequent to Acquisition The only intercompany transaction during 2004 was a $10,000, non- interest-bearing loan to Snap. Prep maintains its 80% interest in Snap throughout 2004.

15 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Equity Method – Year Subsequent to Acquisition What is Prep’s income from Snap? What is Prep’s investment in Snap account at December 31, 2004? ($30,000 × 80%) – $1,500* = $22,500 *Patent amortization

16 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Equity Method – Year Subsequent to Acquisition Investment cost January 1, 2003$ 87,000 Income from Snap, ,500 Dividends from Snap, 2003 – 12,000 Investment in Snap December 31, 2003$ 93,500 Income from Snap, ,500 Dividends from Snap, 2004 – 12,000 Investment in Snap December 31, 2004$104,000

17 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Consolidation – Year Subsequent to Acquisition Income from Snap22,500 Dividends12,000 Investment in Snap10,500 To eliminate income and dividends from Snap and return the investment account to its beginning-of-the-period balance

18 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Consolidation– Year Subsequent to Acquisition Retained Earnings, Snap40,000 Capital Stock, Snap60,000 Patents13,500 Investment in Snap93,500 Minority Interest20,000 To eliminate reciprocal equity and investment balances, establish beginning minority interest, and enter unamortized patents

19 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Consolidation– Year Subsequent to Acquisition Expenses 1,500 Patents 1,500 To enter current amortization Notes Payable, Prep10,000 Note Receivable, Snap10,000 To eliminate reciprocal receivable and payable balances

20 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Learning Objective 3 Locate errors in preparing consolidation working papers.

21 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Locating Errors Most errors made in consolidating the financial statements will show up when the consolidated balance sheet does not balance. Totals are recomputed. Check individual items. Omissions involving minority interest occur frequently.

22 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Learning Objective 4 Allocate excess of purchase price over book value to include identifiable net assets.

23 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Both FASB Statements No. 141 and 142 require firms to provide at least summary disclosures regarding the allocation of the purchase price of an acquired subsidiary. Excess Allocated to Identifiable Assets

24 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Disclose in the year of acquisition: – a condensed balance sheet (assets and liabilities) – amounts of purchased R&D in process – total amounts assigned to major asset categories Excess Allocated to Identifiable Assets (FASB No. 141) – the cost of the acquired enterprise

25 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Excess Allocated to Identifiable Assets (FASB No. 142) The amount of goodwill is to be shown as a separate balance sheet line item (assuming it is material).

26 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Firms must disclose material noncontrolling interests (minority interest) on the balance sheet. Firms must report noncontrolling interests’ share of subsidiary income (minority interest expense). Additional Disclosures

27 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Pate acquired its 90% equity interest in Solo on December 31, 2003, for $365,000 cash, when Solo’s stockholders’ equity consisted of $200,000 capital stock and $50,000 retained earnings. During 2004, Solo borrows $20,000 from Pate on a non-interest-bearing note. Excess Allocation Example

28 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn What is the excess of cost over book value? 90% × $250,000 = $225,000 $365,000 – $225,000 = $140,000 Excess Allocation Example

29 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Solo (000) FairBook Undervaluation Value Value (Overvaluation) Assets Inventories$ 60$ 50$ 10 Land Buildings Equipment (20) Total$370$270$100 Excess Allocation Example

30 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Undervaluation Interest Excess Amortization (Overvaluation) Acquired Allocation Period Assets Inventories$10×90%=$ 9Sold in 2004 Land 30×90%= 27None Buildings, net 80×90%= 7236 years Equipment, net (20)×90%= (18)9 years Goodwill, remainder 50None Total$140 Excess Allocation Example

31 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Consolidation After Acquisition Solo reports $60,000 net income for Solo declares dividends of $10,000 on June 1 which is paid on July 1. Solo declares dividends of $10,000 on December 1. The December dividend has not been paid at year end.

32 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn July 1, 2004 Cash 9,000 Investment in Solo 9,000 To record dividends from Solo Consolidation After Acquisition December 31, 2004 Investment in Solo45,000 Income from Solo45,000 To record dividends from Solo How was this determined?

33 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Share of Solo’s net income ($60,000 × 90%)$54,000 Amortization of excess allocated to: Inventories ($9,000 × 100%) – 9,000 Buildings ($72,000 ÷ 36) – 2,000 Equipment ($18,000 ÷ 9 years) + 2,000 Income from Solo for 2004$45,000 Consolidation After Acquisition

34 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn aDividends Receivable 9,000 Investment in Solo 9,000 To correct investment balance for unrecorded dividends receivable Working Paper Entries bCash20,000 Note Receivable, Solo20,000 To enter receipt of intercompany note receivable

35 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn cIncome from Solo45,000 Dividends18,000 Investment in Solo27,000 To eliminate income and dividend from Pate and return the investment account to the beginning of the period balance Working Paper Entries

36 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn dMinority Interest Expense6,000 Dividends, Solo2,000 Minority Interest4,000 To enter minority interest share of subsidiary income and dividends Working Paper Entries

37 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn eRetained Earnings, Solo 50,000 Capital Stock, Solo200,000 Unamortized Excess140,000 Investment in Solo365,000 Minority Interest, Jan 1 25,000 To eliminate reciprocal investment and equity amounts, establish beginning minority interest, and enter unamortized excess Working Paper Entries

38 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn fCost of Goods Sold 9,000 Land27,000 Buildings (net)72,000 Goodwill50,000 Equipment (net) 18,000 Unamortized Excess140,000 To allocate unamortized excess to identifiable assets and goodwill Working Paper Entries

39 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn gOperating Expenses2,000 Buildings (net)2,000 To enter current depreciation on excess allocated to buildings Working Paper Entries

40 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn iDividends Payable9,000 Dividends Receivable9,000 To eliminate reciprocal receivables and payables Working Paper Entries hEquipment (net)2,000 Operating Expenses2,000 To adjust current depreciation for excess allocated to reduce equipment

41 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Learning Objective 5 Apply concepts to prepare a consolidated statement of cash flows.

42 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows Consolidated balance sheets Consolidated income statements Consolidated statement of cash flows

43 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn 1.During 2004, Seed sold land that cost $20,000 to outside entities for $10,000 cash. 2.Polski issued a $300,000, two-year note on January 8 for new equipment. 3.Patents amortization from the Polski-Seed business combination is $10,000 per year. 4.Polski received $10,000 dividends from its investments in equity investees. 5.Changes in plant assets not explained are due to provisions for depreciation. Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

44 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Polski and Seed Comparative Balance Sheets at December 31 Assets (000) Cash$ 255$ 180 Accts. receivable, net Inventories Equity investments Land Buildings, net Equipment, net Patents Total assets$2,150$1,770 Changes $ (20) 200 (10) $380

45 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Polski and Seed Comparative Balance Sheets at December 31 Liabilities (000) Accounts payable$ 250$ 270 Dividends payable Notes payable 300 – Common stock Other paid-in capital Retained earnings Minority interest – 20% Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$2,150$1,770 Changes $(20) – 300 – $380

46 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Consolidated Income Statement Year Ended December 31, 2004 Sales$750 Income from equity investees 15 Total revenue 765 Less expenses: Cost of goods sold300 Depreciation expense120 Patents amortization 10 Wages and salaries 54 Other operating expenses 47 Interest expense 24 Loss on sale of land 10 (565) Total consolidated income$200

47 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Consolidated Income Statement Year Ended December 31, 2004 Total consolidated income$200 Less: Minority interest (50) Consolidated net income 150 Consolidated retained earnings 1/1/ Less: Cash dividends paid (80) Consolidated retained earnings 12/31/2004$670

48 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows Year Ended December 31, 2004 Cash flows from operating activities Consolidated net income$150 Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities Minority interest$ 50 Undistributed income–equity investees (5) Loss on sale of land (10) Depreciation on equipment 100 Depreciation on buildings 20 Amortization of patents 10 Increase in accounts receivable (105) Increase in inventories (45) Decrease in accounts payable (20) 15 Net cash flows from operating activities$165

49 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows Year Ended December 31, 2004 Net cash flows from operating activities$165 Cash flows from investing activities 10 Cash flows from financing activities Payment of cash dividends–majority$(80) Payment of cash dividends–minority (20) (100) Increase in cash for Cash on January 1, Cash on December 31, 2004$255

50 ©2003 Prentice Hall Business Publishing, Advanced Accounting 8/e, Beams/Anthony/Clement/Lowensohn End of Chapter 4


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