Presentation on theme: "BENEFITS OF BEING ACTIVE Reducing your risks and Increasing personal wellness.."— Presentation transcript:
BENEFITS OF BEING ACTIVE Reducing your risks and Increasing personal wellness..
Then vs Now… Before 1900’s…pneumonia Followed by infectious diseases Research = cures for most (vaccines). Now: #1 Heart disease. #2 Cancer. #3 Stroke
Cardiovascular Diseases Issues with Heart and/or blood vessels 1 in 4 Americans affected. Primary Risk Factors vs Secondary Sedentary lifestyle Smoking High cholestrol Diabetes obesity Lesser cause Most important/greatest/most common cause Stress Alcohol use
ATHEROSCLEROSIS Clogged arteries Fats/cholesterol build-up Narrows passageway Forces heart to WORK HARDER
HEART ATTACK Blood supply to heart is cut off or reduced Damage to heart muscle Main causes: atherosclerosis; blood clots; spasms in artery.
STROKE Oxygen to brain is severely reduced or totally cut off. Atherosclerosis or blood clots May lose ability to move, speak, think, etc. Major or minor strokes possible. “predisposition” “bursts”
High Blood Pressure B.P. is when blood pushes through arteries with each beat of the heart PRIMARY reason of cardiovascular disease and strokes. Family history; race; age all contributing factors. 2 readings: systolic = top number pressure just AFTER heart beat Diastolic = bottom number pressure just before heart beat AKA= Hypertension Stress can be a factor!
CANCER Over 100 different types #2 Leading cause of death Uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells. Steals their nutrition Interferes with normal function Active people RANK LOWER in death rates. Breast & Colon fall under “hypokinetic”
DIABETES Body can’t regulate sugar levels. Medical help needed to regulate. Over time: damage to blood vessels, heart, kidneys, eyes (blindness). Excessive levels can cause coma/death.
TYPE I vs. TYPE II Not considered hypokinetic Heredity is issue…gets risk factor from BOTH parents Needs insulin to help control blood sugar. Considered hypokinetic MOST COMMONAffects about 10% of diabetics Used to be called “Adult Onset” Physical activity can reduce risk Being active at early age = better blood sugar levels.
OBESITY 1980’s teen rate @ 5% 2010 teen rate @ 14% 300% increase
OSTEOPOROIS Bone deterioration Common in adult women due to hormone changes….body can’t absorb calcium Begins in young adults…”PEAK BONE MASS” Activity helps create strong bone mass. Lack of dairy when young…lessens Peak Bone Mass” development Porous bones w/ age…..
10 KEY POINTS to remember Reducing risks of hypokinetic conditions:
HEALTHY BACK= GOOD POSTURE Hypokinetic due to weak/short back and ab. muscles Need body balance= biomechanical concept. “out of whack”…one side weak and long, other short and strong.
Back Issues: Lordosis : Too much arch in lower back a.k.a “swayback”…weak abs and hip flexors too strong Kyphosis: Rounded shoulders/back “hunch” back Ptosis: “drooping body part” Protruding abs.
Characteristics of poor posture….. Characteristic of good posture
Biomechanical Lifting Principles: Use legs…not back Keep hips low…squat Divide the load… Avoid twisting when lifting…shift feet Push and pull vs lifting heavy objects Avoid bent over position when sitting or standing…