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9.NPA.1.1 Attribute the prevention of chronic diseases to healthy nutrition and physical activity Effects of a poor diet and lack of exercise.

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Presentation on theme: "9.NPA.1.1 Attribute the prevention of chronic diseases to healthy nutrition and physical activity Effects of a poor diet and lack of exercise."— Presentation transcript:

1 9.NPA.1.1 Attribute the prevention of chronic diseases to healthy nutrition and physical activity Effects of a poor diet and lack of exercise

2 Minnies Story Read Minnies Story Think about the following questions: What are the short and long term consequences of a poor diet and lack of exercise? Do you have family members or loved ones that are suffering from diseases and conditions related to lack of exercise or poor diet? How do these conditions interfere with their quality of life? Are you at risk today or in the future? What can you change in your life to prevent these diseases and conditions? Minnie's Story Video

3 At the end…. Diet and Exercise Plan Create a one day diet and exercise plan for one of the following scenarios: A 50 year old overweight man at risk of a heart attack A 18 year old boy who is obese A 32 year old woman with high blood pressure A 16 year old girl who is pre-diabetic Include: breakfast, lunch, dinner, a snack, exercise plan

4 Supersize Me: Effects of a poor diet These are the effects of a poor diet after eating McDonalds for breakfast, lunch, and dinner for 30 days…

5 A Healthy Diet Plan Eat lots of fruit and vegetables Eat whole grains (fiber) Eat lean protein Eat low fat or fat free dairy 5

6 Heart Disease/ Heart Attack Approximately 1 out of 3 Americans will die of heart disease Poor diet and physical inactivity is the leading cause of heart disease Causes of Heart Disease: Poor diet: a diet high in saturated fat and trans fat can result in high cholesterol which clogs arteries Lack of exercise Heredity: a family history of high blood pressure and/or heart disease Smoking Obesity High blood pressure Diabetes

7 Dr. Oz Video Clip: Heart Attack Watch Video Clip

8 Reduce Risk of Heart Attack 1. Exercise at least 30 minutes per day/5-7 days per week 2. Healthy diet Low in saturated and no trans fat 3. Lower blood pressure 4. Dont smoke 5. Lose weight

9 Obesity Causes of Obesity: Genetic predisposition: family history of obesity Lack of exercise Poor diet: a diet high in calories and low in nutrients One pound= 3,500 calories of stored energy

10 How Do We Measure Obesity? Body Mass Index (BMI) a persons weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of his or her height (in meters). A person with a BMI of 30 or more is generally considered obese. A person with a BMI equal to or more than 25 is considered overweight.

11 Obesity Video Clip Your-Health the-Body

12 Reduce Risk of Obesity Exercise Lifting weights Eat a healthy diet Lower calorie intake

13 13

14 Hypertension/ High blood pressure High blood pressure causes your heart to work harder to pump blood through the body High blood pressure can damage the eyes, kidneys, liver, and nervous system and increase the risk of a heart attack and stroke Causes of Hypertension: Genetic predisposition: family history of high blood pressure Getting older Stress High salt diet Alcohol consumption Smoking Obesity

15 Video Clip: Dr. Oz and high salt diet How Salt contributes to high blood pressure: Dr. Oz

16 Reduce Risk of Hypertension Eat healthy diet Eat foods low in salt Low in saturated and trans fat Lose weight Exercise Reduce stress Limit alcohol Do not smoke

17 Type II Diabetes Diabetes is caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both Causes of Type II Diabetes: Abdominal or upper-body obesity (diet high in calories, sugar, refined grains) Family history Lack of exercise

18 Diabetes Living with Type II Diabetes: A Teen's Journey

19 Reduce Risk of Type II Diabetes Eat a healthy diet Exercise Lose weight

20 Anemia Individuals with anemia often feel tired and their immune system is weakened Causes of Anemia: Lack of iron in diet, which results in lack of oxygen in blood Reduce Risk of Anemia: Eat iron rich foods such as raisins, strawberries, dark green leafy vegetables, prunes, legumes, red meat, and poultry (dark meat) Take a multivitamin or iron pill daily

21 Group work: Diet and Exercise Plan Create a one day diet and exercise plan for one of the following scenarios: A 50 year old overweight man at risk of a heart attack A 18 year old boy who is obese A 32 year old woman with high blood pressure A 16 year old girl who is pre-diabetic Include: breakfast, lunch, dinner, a snack, exercise plan

22 Present to the class Each group will present their diet and exercise plan to the class


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