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KI 1: Where are states located?.  As recently as 1940s, world contained about 50 countries—in 2009 United Nations had 192 members  State- an area organized.

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Presentation on theme: "KI 1: Where are states located?.  As recently as 1940s, world contained about 50 countries—in 2009 United Nations had 192 members  State- an area organized."— Presentation transcript:

1 KI 1: Where are states located?

2  As recently as 1940s, world contained about 50 countries—in 2009 United Nations had 192 members  State- an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs  Occupies a defined territory on Earth and contains a permanent population  Synonym for “country” 

3  States have sovereignty—full control of its own internal affairs  States are good examples of uniform or formal regions—1 govt controls whole area  50 Stats of U.S. are really just subdivisions within 1 state, the U.S.A  Independence Day for Every Country Independence Day for Every Country  ewcountries.htm ewcountries.htm

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5  Korea was Japanese colony until it was divided by Soviet Union and U.S. after WWII  Split it into North and South along 38˚N Lat.  Division became permanent in late 1940s after two different govt’s were established  North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950, starting a 3 year war that ended with a cease-fire line near the 38 th parallel

6  Have made efforts to reunite  In 2000, countries agreed to allow exchange visits of families and increase economic cooperation  Progress has been halted by North Korea’s decision to build nuclear weapons, despite not being able to feed its people  ,00.html ,00.html  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cMfb ohNGT1w https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cMfb ohNGT1w

7  Most countries consider them separate states  China believes that Taiwan is not sovereign and is part of China  Problems started during Civil War between Nationalists and Communists in 1940s  Nationalists fled to Taiwan and have been in control since  Taiwan is most populous state not in the United Nations

8 -Only large land mass on Earth that is not part of a state -States signed the Antarctic Treat of 1959—no military activity, can be used for research only

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10 On your paper, write down what you think are the 5 largest states in the world by land area.

11  Land area varies significantly:  Largest States:  Russia, Canada, United States, China, Brazil  Smallest States:  Vatican City, Monaco, Nauru, Tuvalu, San Marino  Identify these on the map on page  Roughly 24 states classified as microstates— states with vary small land areas  Most are islands, explains small size and sovereignty  _Sealand _Sealand 

12  Outline pages in the textbook  Everything from “Development of the State Concept” to the end of KI 1


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