2Tensions During the 1940’s, political tensions were building in Korea Japan had ruled Korea from , but had been driven out by the United States and the Soviet Union.1945-the Allies had divided Korea into two zones, the Soviets occupied the northern zone and U.S. troops occupied the southern zone.
4USSR takes control to 38th parallel N. Korea declares Peoples Republic North militarizes, South does notJap troops surrender n of the 38th parrellelN military supplied by the USSR Tanks, airplanes money- doesn’t think the us will defend
5Divided Korea North Korea was led by communist leader Kim Il Sung South Korea was led by Syngman Rhee and called itself the Republic of KoreaSyngman RheeKim Il Sung
6U.S. Involvement South Korea was unstable economically The United States feared that South Korea would fall to communismU.S. government helped to build up the South Korean militaryBoth the U.S. and the Soviets removed their troops from Korea in 1949.
7Fighting Begins North Korea invaded South Korea on June 25, 1950. The UN became involved and asked for an immediate cease fireThe Soviets were boycotting the U.N. due to the denial of admittance of China to the world governing bodyTruman thought of Hitler and containment decides to help the South Koreans
8Support for South Korea June 27th-The U.N. Security Council labeled North Korea as an aggressor and offered support to South KoreaThe U.S. sponsored this resolutionU.S. forces entered South Korea under the direction General MacArthur15 other countries gave military and monetary support, however no other country gave the same support that the United States did.
9Split PowerBy September the North Koreans had pushed the U.S. and South Korean forces into a retreatSeptember 15, 1950, General MacArthur led a counterattack and recaptured Seoul, which is South Korea’s capitalThe UN and U.S. forces were hit with a counterattack from the North Koreans and eventually had to settle with a defensive line at the 38th parallel
10Mac Arthur on his own Mission Communists China feels threatenedMacArthur to the Yalu River“Volunteer” Chinese troops-Truman thought it was reckles MacArthur tried to go behind his back to congress
11China’s Involvement China aided North Korea in late November. Due to China’s involvement, General MacArthur called for a major expansion of the war. His proposal included:Blockading China’s coastInvading the interior of China
13Conflict Regarding the Plan Supporters of MacArthur’s plan said it would overthrow the Communist regime in ChinaOpponents argued that blockading China could entice the Soviets to become involved
14Truman’s Response President Truman opposed MacArthur’s plan Truman removed MacArthur from his position in April 1951The war had reached a stalemate by the summer of 1951.The war became a hot button issue in election of 1952
16The War Ends Eisenhower stayed true to his word to end the war Bombing raids increased by the U.S. in North Korea in May of 1953July 27th, 1953 an armistice was agreed upon.The outcome of the war was the same dividing line that was present before the start of the war, approximately around the 38th parallel
17Peace Talks June 1951 July 27, 1953 Truce Police Action Casualties 4 million civilians and soldiers dead