Presentation on theme: "Tensions During the 1940s, political tensions were building in Korea Japan had ruled Korea from 1910-1945, but had been driven out by the United States."— Presentation transcript:
Tensions During the 1940s, political tensions were building in Korea Japan had ruled Korea from , but had been driven out by the United States and the Soviet Union the Allies had divided Korea into two zones, the Soviets occupied the northern zone and U.S. troops occupied the southern zone.
https://www.cia.gov/ North and South Korea
USSR takes control to 38 th parallel N. Korea declares Peoples Republic North militarizes, South does not
Divided Korea North Korea was led by communist leader Kim Il Sung South Korea was led by Syngman Rhee and called itself the Republic of Korea Kim Il Sung Syngman Rhee i/Syngman_Rhee
U.S. Involvement South Korea was unstable economically The United States feared that South Korea would fall to communism U.S. government helped to build up the South Korean military Both the U.S. and the Soviets removed their troops from Korea in 1949.
Fighting Begins North Korea invaded South Korea on June 25, The UN became involved and asked for an immediate cease fire The Soviets were boycotting the U.N. due to the denial of admittance of China to the world governing body
Support for South Korea June 27 th -The U.N. Security Council labeled North Korea as an aggressor and offered support to South Korea The U.S. sponsored this resolution U.S. forces entered South Korea under the direction General MacArthur 15 other countries gave military and monetary support, however no other country gave the same support that the United States did.
Split Power By September the North Koreans had pushed the U.S. and South Korean forces into a retreat September 15, 1950, General MacArthur led a counterattack and recaptured Seoul, which is South Koreas capital The UN and U.S. forces were hit with a counterattack from the North Koreans and eventually had to settle with a defensive line at the 38 th parallel
Mac Arthur on his own Mission Communists China feels threatened MacArthur to the Yalu River Volunteer Chinese troops-
Chinas Involvement China aided North Korea in late November. Due to Chinas involvement, General MacArthur called for a major expansion of the war. His proposal included: –Blockading Chinas coast –Invading the interior of China
Conflict Regarding the Plan Supporters of MacArthurs plan said it would overthrow the Communist regime in China Opponents argued that blockading China could entice the Soviets to become involved
Trumans Response President Truman opposed MacArthurs plan Truman removed MacArthur from his position in April 1951 The war had reached a stalemate by the summer of The war became a hot button issue in election of 1952
April 11, 1951 – Mac Arthur fired
The War Ends Eisenhower stayed true to his word to end the war Bombing raids increased by the U.S. in North Korea in May of 1953 July 27 th, 1953 an armistice was agreed upon. The outcome of the war was the same dividing line that was present before the start of the war, approximately around the 38 th parallel
Peace Talks June 1951 July 27, 1953 Truce Police Action Casualties