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America: Pathways to the Present Chapter 19 The Cold War (1945–1960) Copyright © 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle.

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Presentation on theme: "America: Pathways to the Present Chapter 19 The Cold War (1945–1960) Copyright © 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle."— Presentation transcript:

1 America: Pathways to the Present Chapter 19 The Cold War (1945–1960) Copyright © 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. All rights reserved.

2 America: Pathways to the Present Section 1: Origins of the Cold War Section 2: The Cold War Heats Up Section 3: The Korean War Section 4: The Continuing Cold War Chapter 19: The Cold War (1945–1960) Copyright © 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. All rights reserved.

3 The Korean War How did Communist expansion in Asia set the stage for the Korean War? Who fought in the Korean War, and what were the three stages of the war? What were the effects of the Korean War? Chapter 19, Section 3

4 Communist Expansion in Asia The Chinese Civil War Civil war began in the mid-1920s and intensified after World War II. Mao Zedong won support for the Communists by redistributing land and offering schooling and healthcare. Jiang Jieshi’s Nationalist Party lost support because of harsh treatment of the population, high taxes, and corruption. When the Communists took power in 1949, the Nationalists fled to Taiwan. The Division of Korea World War II ended before a plan could be made for Korean independence from Japan. Korea was temporarily divided at the thirty-eighth parallel, the latitude line running through approximately the midpoint of the peninsula. A pro-American government formed in South Korea, while a Communist government formed in North Korea. Chapter 19, Section 3

5 The Korean Conflict In June 1950, the Korean War broke out when North Korean troops invaded South Korea, aiming to reunite the nation by force. A UN resolution, which passed because the Soviets were not there to veto it, called on member states to defend South Korea and restore peace. Roughly 80 percent of the troops who served in the resulting UN police action were American. By attacking North Korean supply lines, General Douglas MacArthur was able to gain an advantage and push north. However, a stalemate developed after China helped the North Koreans push the UN forces back into South Korea. A truce signed in 1953 left Korea again divided near the thirty eighth parallel. Chapter 19, Section 3

6 The Effects of the Korean War Post-Korean War Changes in America Warfare — Limited war, limited victory Integration of the Military — First war in which white Americans and African Americans served in the same units Increased Power of the Military — A military-industrial complex developed as the military established links with the corporate and scientific communities. Foreign Policy in Asia — September 1951 peace treaty signed with Japan; relations worsen with Communist China Chapter 19, Section 3

7 The Korean War—Assessment What was the significance of the thirty-eighth parallel? (A) It formed Korea’s border with China. (B) It was the place to which Chinese Nationalists fled. (C) It divided Korea into two halves, North and South. (D) It was the location of Korean War peace talks. Why did the United Nations send troops to Korea? (A) To support South Korea and restore peace (B) To install a Communist government in South Korea (C) To help China defend its border (D) To put an end to Japanese rule of Korea Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!Click here! Chapter 19, Section 3

8 The Korean War—Assessment What was the significance of the thirty-eighth parallel? (A) It formed Korea’s border with China. (B) It was the place to which Chinese Nationalists fled. (C) It divided Korea into two halves, North and South. (D) It was the location of Korean War peace talks. Why did the United Nations send troops to Korea? (A) To support South Korea and restore peace (B) To install a Communist government in South Korea (C) To help China defend its border (D) To put an end to Japanese rule of Korea Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!Click here! Chapter 19, Section 3


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