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02-10-09 AGENDA: - Big Questions - Quick review: epithets, epic similes, allusion - Archetypes and the Epic Hero cycle - Assignment: Read Book 9. Choose.

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Presentation on theme: "02-10-09 AGENDA: - Big Questions - Quick review: epithets, epic similes, allusion - Archetypes and the Epic Hero cycle - Assignment: Read Book 9. Choose."— Presentation transcript:

1 AGENDA: - Big Questions - Quick review: epithets, epic similes, allusion - Archetypes and the Epic Hero cycle - Assignment: Read Book 9. Choose 1 of each device and be able to explain what it adds to the narrative. List three examples of epic hero qualities in Odysseus. OBJECTIVES: - ID and evaluate figurative language in O. - Understand the concept of archetypes~connect to our society today. - Identify the epic hero cycle in the Odyssey. Brain Push-Up: Given the info on Ancient Greece, what inferences can you make about whom would be a hero to them? Materials Needed: Binder/Pen/Pencil

2 EPIC SIMILE A simile is a comparison between two different things. An Epic simile is also called an Homeric simile. It is an extended simile often running to several lines, used typically in epic poetry to intensify the heroic stature of the subject and to serve as decoration.simileepic

3 EPITHET The addition of an adjective or phrase to a word or name used to express the characteristic of that person, thing, or idea. Examples include "Ivan the Terrible," "Ms. Know-it-all," "Alexander the Great," and "The Artist formerly known as Prince." For instance, in Homer's Odyssey (eighth century B.C.) the hero is typically referred to by the epithets "enduring," "resourceful," or "sacker of cities"; and the sea is always "wine-dark."

4 Allusion A figurative or symbolical reference in one literary work to a character or theme found in another literary work. Its indirect reference to something (usually a literary text, although it can be other things commonly known such as plays, movies, t.v. shows) with which the readers is supposed to be familiar. The Bible, Shakespeare, and Greek Mythology are all commonly used. Allusion is often used with humorous intent, to establish a connection between writer and reader, or to make a subtle point. Image found at

5 The Archetypal Hero What Do Luke Skywalker, Simba, King Arthur, Moses, and William Wallace all have in common?

6 Jung and Campbell Carl Jung and Joseph Campbell developed the idea of the archetype Archetype: A recurring pattern of images, situations, or symbols found in the mythology, religion, art, and dreams of cultures around the world Joseph Campbell Carl Jung

7 Archetypal Characters Simply put, an archetype is a recurring pattern of character, symbol, or situation found in the mythology, religion, and stories of all cultures. Male ArchetypesFemale Archetypes HeroArthur, Bilbo Theseus, EarthmotherMother Nature Scapegoat"The Lottery"TemptressSirens, Delilah OutcastCain, Ancient MarinerPlatonic IdealDante's Beatrice Devil FigureLucifer, Darth VaderUnfaithful WifeAnna Karenina Situation ArchetypesArchetypal Symbols QuestOdysseyLight-Darkness FallParadise LostWater-Desert Death and RebirthChrist, HerculesHeaven-Hell InitiationHuck Finn

8 Archetypal Hero Traits Unusual Circumstances of Birth Leaves Family and Lives With Others Traumatic Event Leads to Quest Special Weapon Supernatural Help Proves Himself on Quest Journey and Unhealable Wound Atonement With Father Spiritual Apotheosis

9 Unusual Birth Often in danger or born into royalty Luke w/ aunt and uncle Simba born a prince Moses put in basket King Arthur in danger from Uther Pendragons rivals

10 Leaves Family Raised away from his people Luke w/ aunt and uncle Simba w/ Timon and Poobah King Arthur w/ Merlin William Wallace with uncle Moses w/ Pharaohs daughter

11 Traumatic Event A heros life is changed forever Lukes aunt and uncles death Wallaces wife is killed Arthur pulls sword from stone Simba fights Nala Yahweh appears to Moses

12 Special Weapon Only the hero can wield his weapon Lukes light saber Arthurs Excalibur Moses staff Wallaces sword Simbas... claws?

13 Supernatural Help Hero often has spiritual guidance Luke hears Obi-Wan Kenobi Arthur has Merlin Yahweh guides Moses Wallace dreams of his dead father Simba sees Mufasa in the sky and has Rafiki help him

14 Proves Himself Hero performs feats while on Quest Luke blows up Death Star, leads rebellion Arthur leads battles Moses perform miracles Simba contemplates his life Wallace leads his men against British

15 Journey & Unhealable Wound Hero descends into a hell-like area and suffers wounding from encounter w/ evil Symbolically goes where normal humans cant and finds truth about self

16 Atonement With Father Hero either redeems fathers evil deeds or reconciles with father over wrongs done by the hero

17 Apotheosis Hero is rewarded spiritually at the end of his life

18 Wanna find out more? resources/heromain.html 4am Productions You cant see the Hobbits if youre asleep!

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