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Archetypes & The Hero’s Journey What Do Harry Potter, Luke Skywalker, Simba, King Arthur, Moses, Frodo, and William Wallace all have in common?

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Presentation on theme: "Archetypes & The Hero’s Journey What Do Harry Potter, Luke Skywalker, Simba, King Arthur, Moses, Frodo, and William Wallace all have in common?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Archetypes & The Hero’s Journey What Do Harry Potter, Luke Skywalker, Simba, King Arthur, Moses, Frodo, and William Wallace all have in common?

2 Jung and Campbell Carl Jung and Joseph Campbell developed the idea of the archetype Carl Jung and Joseph Campbell developed the idea of the archetype Archetype: A recurring pattern of images, situations, or symbols found in the mythology, religion, art, and dreams of cultures around the world Archetype: A recurring pattern of images, situations, or symbols found in the mythology, religion, art, and dreams of cultures around the world Joseph Campbell Carl Jung

3 Event Archetypes: Stages of the “Hero’s Journey” or “Monomyth” The Call The Call The Shadow OR Other The Shadow OR Other The Journey & Initiation The Journey & Initiation Helpers and Guides Helpers and Guides The Treasure & Return The Treasure & Return The Transformation The Transformation *Atonement with the Father (*not in every story) *Atonement with the Father (*not in every story)

4 The Call (part one): The Ordinary World VS The Sacred World The first stage of the journey is when the hero/main character gets the call or “itch” to do something new. The first stage of the journey is when the hero/main character gets the call or “itch” to do something new. We have to understand who he is and the world he lives in. The hero usually begins in an ordinary, mundane world. He may seem like a common man and often will not have any particular signs of greatness. He is comfortable in this world and these surroundings. It is only in leaving this ordinary world for the sacred world that he can gain new experiences and change. We have to understand who he is and the world he lives in. The hero usually begins in an ordinary, mundane world. He may seem like a common man and often will not have any particular signs of greatness. He is comfortable in this world and these surroundings. It is only in leaving this ordinary world for the sacred world that he can gain new experiences and change.

5 Ordinary World

6 The Call (part two): The call is when the hero is either asked (often by a herald) to leave the ordinary world and try something new, or when he realizes that he must do this. Heroes can have several “calls” in a story. Calls are requests or impulses to do something. For the hero to begin a journey, he must first receive or experience a call. The call is when the hero is either asked (often by a herald) to leave the ordinary world and try something new, or when he realizes that he must do this. Heroes can have several “calls” in a story. Calls are requests or impulses to do something. For the hero to begin a journey, he must first receive or experience a call. The Refusal: Sometimes the hero will refuse his mission at first, but he usually accepts it eventually. The Refusal: Sometimes the hero will refuse his mission at first, but he usually accepts it eventually.

7 The CALL

8 Archetypal Hero Traits Unusual Circumstances of Birth Unusual Circumstances of Birth Leaves Family and Lives With Others Leaves Family and Lives With Others Traumatic Event Leads to Quest Traumatic Event Leads to Quest Special Weapon Special Weapon Supernatural Help Supernatural Help Proves Himself on Quest Proves Himself on Quest Journey and Unhealable Wound Journey and Unhealable Wound Atonement With Father Atonement With Father Spiritual Apotheosis Spiritual Apotheosis

9 Unusual Birth Often in danger or born into royalty Often in danger or born into royalty Luke w/ aunt and uncle Luke w/ aunt and uncle Simba born a prince Simba born a prince Moses put in basket Moses put in basket King Arthur doesn’t know he is royalty until he pulls sword from stone King Arthur doesn’t know he is royalty until he pulls sword from stone

10 Leaves Family Raised away from his people Raised away from his people Luke w/ aunt and uncle Luke w/ aunt and uncle Simba w/ Timon and Poobah Simba w/ Timon and Poobah King Arthur w/ Merlin King Arthur w/ Merlin William Wallace with uncle William Wallace with uncle Moses w/ Pharaoh’s daughter Moses w/ Pharaoh’s daughter

11 Traumatic Event A hero’s life is changed forever A hero’s life is changed forever Luke’s aunt and uncle’s death Luke’s aunt and uncle’s death Wallace’s wife is killed Wallace’s wife is killed Arthur pulls sword from stone Arthur pulls sword from stone Simba is told father’s death is his fault Simba is told father’s death is his fault Yahweh appears to Moses Yahweh appears to Moses

12 The Shadow or Other The hero will encounter his other or shadow at some point. The other/shadow is his opposite, the flip side of the coin, and is a reminder of what the hero may yet become if he is not careful. These two characters are foils for one another: they define each other through comparison and contrast.

13 The other may be a friend, enemy, or stranger, but his personality is, in every crucial respect, the exact opposite of the hero’s. They are like a photo and its negative, they are simultaneously identical and opposites. The other may be a friend, enemy, or stranger, but his personality is, in every crucial respect, the exact opposite of the hero’s. They are like a photo and its negative, they are simultaneously identical and opposites. By meeting the other, the hero is forced to examine these aspects about himself, to face his fears, and this aids in his self-discovery. By meeting the other, the hero is forced to examine these aspects about himself, to face his fears, and this aids in his self-discovery.

14 Shadows

15 The Journey & Initiation The hero must face many challenges in the sacred world. His initiation into this sacred world will cause him to change and grow. The hero must face many challenges in the sacred world. His initiation into this sacred world will cause him to change and grow. The trials serve as catalysts for inner change and may be steps in his training, preparing him for his eventual confrontation with ____ (to succeed in his main goal). The trials serve as catalysts for inner change and may be steps in his training, preparing him for his eventual confrontation with ____ (to succeed in his main goal). In some cases, the hero is tried by forces within himself: forces that tempt him to give up, to seek safety, to rest, to settle for less, to go back to the old life or the old ways of perceiving and experiencing things. In other stories, the hero faces external enemies that he must overcome. In some cases, the hero is tried by forces within himself: forces that tempt him to give up, to seek safety, to rest, to settle for less, to go back to the old life or the old ways of perceiving and experiencing things. In other stories, the hero faces external enemies that he must overcome.

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17 Crossing a Threshold Hero’s usually have to cross some kind of threshold/barrier when they start the journey. It could be an obvious physical dividing point/marker or may be an internal struggle. There is usually a Threshold Guardian who is there to try and stop the hero from going beyond this point.

18 Helpers and Guides Often the hero will have a guide or an older, wiser, person to give him advice on the journey. Often the hero will have a guide or an older, wiser, person to give him advice on the journey. This mentor may be a teacher, spirit, god, shaman, wizard, or just somebody who has valuable knowledge and experience. This relationship echoes that of the parent and child, teacher and pupil, god and man. This mentor may be a teacher, spirit, god, shaman, wizard, or just somebody who has valuable knowledge and experience. This relationship echoes that of the parent and child, teacher and pupil, god and man.

19 The mentor may give the hero a gift (weapon, amulet, knowledge, power) to aid the hero in his quest. The mentor may give the hero a gift (weapon, amulet, knowledge, power) to aid the hero in his quest. At some point in the journey, the hero must be separated from the mentor so that he must stand-alone and prove himself. At some point in the journey, the hero must be separated from the mentor so that he must stand-alone and prove himself.

20 FRIENDS

21 Special Weapon Only the hero can wield his weapon Only the hero can wield his weapon Luke’s light saber Luke’s light saber Arthur’s Excalibur Arthur’s Excalibur Moses’ staff Moses’ staff Wallace’s sword Wallace’s sword Neo’s power over the matrix Neo’s power over the matrix

22 Supernatural Help Hero often has spiritual guidance Hero often has spiritual guidance Luke hears Obi-Wan Kenobi Luke hears Obi-Wan Kenobi Arthur has Merlin Arthur has Merlin Yahweh guides Moses Yahweh guides Moses Wallace dreams of his dead father Wallace dreams of his dead father Simba sees Mufasa in the sky and has Rafiki help him Simba sees Mufasa in the sky and has Rafiki help him

23 Proves Himself Hero performs feats while on Quest Hero performs feats while on Quest Luke blows up Death Star, leads rebellion Luke blows up Death Star, leads rebellion Arthur leads battles and brings glory of Camelot Arthur leads battles and brings glory of Camelot Moses performs miracles Moses performs miracles Simba contemplates his life and defeats Scar Simba contemplates his life and defeats Scar Wallace leads his men against British Wallace leads his men against British

24 The Treasure The treasure is whatever the hero is seeking. It can take a wide variety of forms and may not even be a tangible object. The treasure is whatever the hero is seeking. It can take a wide variety of forms and may not even be a tangible object. The hero will probably have to pass through another major threshold in order to find the treasure. The hero will probably have to pass through another major threshold in order to find the treasure.

25 The reward or treasure may be an object of great monetary value or something important in some way. It may be something like “knowledge” (about the world, the answer to a mystery, etc.). In short, the prize the hero seeks may assume as many different outward forms as the trials required to achieve it. In essence, however, the goal of the quest is always a priceless psychological gain: an expanded consciousness, a saving insight, or the release of long- suppressed creative powers. The reward or treasure may be an object of great monetary value or something important in some way. It may be something like “knowledge” (about the world, the answer to a mystery, etc.). In short, the prize the hero seeks may assume as many different outward forms as the trials required to achieve it. In essence, however, the goal of the quest is always a priceless psychological gain: an expanded consciousness, a saving insight, or the release of long- suppressed creative powers.

26 Transformation The hero MUST change during the course of his journey. The hero MUST change during the course of his journey. The change is usually gradual and is a natural occurrence given all he goes through. Sometimes the change is very dramatic and the hero will transform physically or will die and be reborn as a new and better person. The change is usually gradual and is a natural occurrence given all he goes through. Sometimes the change is very dramatic and the hero will transform physically or will die and be reborn as a new and better person. The real victory comes when he learns about humanity and has true understanding. The real victory comes when he learns about humanity and has true understanding.

27 These stories are about change. The hero goes through a Transformation, often through a death/rebirth sequence (signifying the new person that emerges). The death and rebirth can happen anywhere in the story and is usually symbolic (though it can be literal). These stories are about change. The hero goes through a Transformation, often through a death/rebirth sequence (signifying the new person that emerges). The death and rebirth can happen anywhere in the story and is usually symbolic (though it can be literal).

28 Journey to Hell/Death & Rebirth Hero descends into a hell-like area (land of the dead?). His return is like returning from the dead. Symbolically goes where normal humans can’t and finds truth about self. Hero descends into a hell-like area (land of the dead?). His return is like returning from the dead. Symbolically goes where normal humans can’t and finds truth about self. The hero may just die symbolically or people may think he’s dead for a while. The hero may just die symbolically or people may think he’s dead for a while.

29 Unhealable Wound The hero may suffer a wound that will never heal. This may occur in his main fight, but could happen anywhere in the story/journey. The wound may be emotional or psychological.

30 Apotheosis Hero is rewarded spiritually at the end of his life Hero is rewarded spiritually at the end of his life He has a better understanding of the world and has a sense of fulfillment and peace. He has a better understanding of the world and has a sense of fulfillment and peace.

31 Atonement With Father Hero either redeems father’s evil deeds or reconciles with father over wrongs done by the hero. Hero either redeems father’s evil deeds or reconciles with father over wrongs done by the hero. The “father” does not have to be his/her actual father. The “father” does not have to be his/her actual father. Often the hero must find peace with his father, mother, or ancestors. This goes back to the belief that we cannot truly know ourselves if we do not accept our past and our roots. The hero may be an orphan, or he may gain a surrogate parent along the journey. At any rate, he must accept his past and heritage before he is able to move beyond this and change in any significant way. Often the hero must find peace with his father, mother, or ancestors. This goes back to the belief that we cannot truly know ourselves if we do not accept our past and our roots. The hero may be an orphan, or he may gain a surrogate parent along the journey. At any rate, he must accept his past and heritage before he is able to move beyond this and change in any significant way.

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