Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Physical Geography of Europe

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The Physical Geography of Europe"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Physical Geography of Europe
Unit 4 – Chapter 11

2 I. Section I The Land

3 A. Seas, Peninsulas, and Islands
Struggle with the sea Most of Europe lies within 300 miles of a seacoast In the Netherlands, about 25% of the land lies below sea level Dutch (people of Netherlands) have built dikes With these dikes, they have reclaimed lands, called polders

4 Seas, Peninsulas, and Islands (Cont.)
The Northern Peninsulas Europe is a large peninsula made up of smaller peninsulas Scandinavian Peninsula – northern Europe Glaciation occurred here and formed fjords Jutland Peninsula – mainland part of Denmark

5 A. Seas, Peninsulas, & Islands (cont)
The Southern Peninsulas Iberian Peninsula – SW edge of Europe – Spain & Portugal Only 20 miles of water (Straight of Gibraltar) separates this peninsula from Africa Apennine Peninsula – Italy – shaped like a boot Peninsula is named after the Apennine Mountains located here (they include a volcano named Mt. Vesuvius) Balkan Peninsula – SE Europe – Greece, Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, European part of Turkey

6 A. Seas, Peninsulas, & Islands (cont)
Europe’s Islands Iceland British Isles – Great Britain & Ireland (& many small ones) Great Britain vs. United Kingdom vs. England – what is the confusion? Islands in the Mediterranean Sea Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, Crete, Cyprus, and many smaller ones

7 B. Mountains & Plains Mountain Regions Pyrenees Alps
Highest Peak – Mont Blanc Some major rivers originate here Carpathians Apennine Plains Regions North European Plain (or Great European Plain) Great Hungarian Plain

8 C. Water Systems Europe’s Rivers
Provide transportation links between major cities Irrigate farmland Provide electricity Major Rivers Thames Rhine – most important river in Western Europe Danube – most important river in Eastern Europe Others – Seine, Rhone, Loire, Elbe, Vistula, Po, Dnieper

9 D. Natural Resources Coal – UK, Germany, Ukraine, & Poland
Iron Ore – N. Sweden, NE France, SE Ukraine Bauxite, Zinc, Manganese Peat – read paragraph on pg. 276

10 II. Section II Climate & Vegetation

11 A. Water & Land Large variation in climates Answer:
What things could cause this? Answer: Northern Latitude Relationship to the sea Elevation

12 B. Western Europe Mostly Marine West Coast Climate Trees & Highlands
Deciduous & Coniferous trees Timberline – mountain areas where the elevation is too high for trees to grow Foehns – dry winds Foehns can trigger avalanches

13 C. Southern Europe Mostly Mediterranean Climate
Some Humid Subtropical & Steppe Mistral – strong north winds from the Alps Siroccos – high, dry winds from North Africa May bring high temperatures into the region Chaparral – shrubs & small trees that grow here

14 D. Eastern & Northern Europe
Mostly Humid Continental Climate Cold winters, hot summers Mixed forests and some grasslands Some Subarctic & Tundra Climate Far northern areas Permafrost located here Obviously, little to no vegetation

Download ppt "The Physical Geography of Europe"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google