Presentation on theme: "Western Europe Its Land and Early History. Section 1: A Land of Varied Riches EQ 1: How do you describe Europe’s geography? EQ 2: What factors affect."— Presentation transcript:
Section 1: A Land of Varied Riches EQ 1: How do you describe Europe’s geography? EQ 2: What factors affect Europe’s climate? EQ 3: How do the natural resources of Europe affect what it produces today?
Location Many factors determine where people live: a. water b. fertile soil c. flat land d. climate e. food
Land Europe is part of Eurasia (Europe & Asia) ◦ World’s largest landmass ◦ Ural Mountains divide Europe and Asia ◦ ¼ of Russia is in Europe
Land Europe is a peninsula with many smaller peninsulas formed by bays and harbors. Peninsula –A body of land nearly surrounded by water
Landforms- Peninsulas Scandinavian Peninsula ◦ Norway and Sweden ◦ Fjords are found along the coastline ◦ Fjord - a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea located between steep cliffs. Iberian Peninsula ◦ Portugal and Spain ◦ Separated from the rest of the continent by Pyrenees Mtns.
4 Major Land Regions 1. Northwestern Highlands ◦ Far northern part of Europe (Norway & Sweden) ◦ Steep sloped mountains with thin soil ** Population Density –The average number of people living per sq mile or km. (25 people/square mile) ◦ Successful timber industry -forests Austrian Alps Norangsfjorden- Norway
4 Major Land Regions (cont.) 2. North European Plain ◦ Covers over ½ of north central Europe ◦ Most productive farmland ◦ Largest cities are located in this region today ◦ Most of Europe’s population lives on this landform. ◦ Loess -Rich dust like soil found in the European plain.
4 Major Land Regions (cont.) 3. Central Uplands ◦ Area of mountains and plateaus ◦ Rocky land –not good for farming ◦ Mostly used for cattle and mineral resources Grundlsee
4 Major Land Regions (cont.) 4. Alpine Mountains ◦ Southern portion of Europe ◦ From Spain across to Eastern Europe ◦ Alps are the highest mountains in this system ◦ Many popular vacation places
Mountains The Alps The Pyrenees The Balkan Ural **Rain Shadow –An area on the sheltered side of a mountain that receives little rain fall.
Rivers ◦ Rhine, Elbe & Danube Rivers – Germany ◦ Seine River –France ◦ Po River –Italy ◦ Thames River –England ◦ Volga River- Russia
4 Major Climate Regions 1. Marine West Coast- Northwestern Europe ◦ North Atlantic Current/ Gulf Stream Current carries warm water from the Gulf of Mexico across the Atlantic Ocean to Europe Winds off warm waters carry moisture onto land, making it wet and keeping temperatures warm ◦ Even though they are far to the North, they have a mild climate.
4 Major Climate Regions 2. Mediterranean- along Mediterranean Sea Hot and dry summers Mild and rainy winters
4 Major Climate Regions 3. Humid Continental- Central Europe ◦ Inland areas away from major bodies of water experience very cold winters & very hot summers 4.Sub Artic- Northern Europe -Short, cool summers and very long cold winters -Warmest days maybe 40º F
Vegetation Varies as much as the climate Forest- most natural vegetation Taiga –A forest in Russia that covers 4 million sq miles…the largest forest in the world
Vegetation Steppes –The Russian grasslands Central and Southern Europe once covered by grasslands (prairie) ◦ Cleared for farming
Vegetation Tundra - A treeless plain where only grasses and mosses grow Permafrost –Permanently frozen soil
Natural Resources Hydroelectric Power –Water generated power Fossil Fuel –Fuel from fossils ◦ Non-Renewable Reserves –The available supply of a fossil fuel