2The Land2) Europe is a large peninsula. A peninsula is a body of land that is surrounded by water on three sides.
3Blue = Northern EuropeRed = Eastern EuropeGreen = Southern EuropeLight Blue = Western Europe
4Topography3) The Northern European Plain is a flat area that extends from France through the Netherlands, Germany, Poland, and into Russia. The Northern European Plain has very good soil called chernozem.
5Peninsulas 4) Europe has five major peninsulas: Scandinavian Jutland IberianItalianBalkan
6Scandinavian Peninsula 5) The Scandinavian Peninsula is in Northern Europe. Norway, Sweden, and part of Finland are on the Scandinavian Peninsula. The peninsula is surrounded by the Barents Sea, Baltic Sea, Norwegian Sea, and North Sea.
8Fjords6) A fjord is a steep, narrow, u-shaped valley that is carved out by a glacier. They are found in Norway on the Scandinavian Peninsula because this area had many glaciers during the last ice age.
23Interesting FactsMatthew Webb is the first known person to swim the channel from Dover to Calais. It took him 21 hours and 45 minutes.In 1979, Bryan Allen crossed the Channel in a human powered aircraft. Yea, that is right, he pedalled for three hours in order to fly.
25Strait of Gibraltar14) The Strait of Gibraltar connects the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. The strait also separates the continents of Europe and Africa. At the strait’s narrowest point it is eight miles wide.
38Climate and Vegetation 21) Europe is in the middle and high latitudes, therefore, Europe has many different types of climates.Northern Europe = Tundra and Sub-arctic climates.Most of Western Europe = Marine West Coast climate zone.Southern Europe = Mediterranean climate.
39Climate 22) The factors that affect climate are: Topography Wind CurrentsOcean CurrentsZones of LatitudeElevation
40Climate23) Wind currents and ocean currents have a large impact on the climate of Europe. A. The Gulf Stream and the North Atlantic Drift are ocean currents that warm Europe. B. Europe is also warmed by wind currents called the Westerlies.