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ICAO AVSEC Programme Michiel Vreedenburgh ICAO Regional Officer Aerodromes & Ground Aids North American, Central American and Caribbean Regional Office.

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Presentation on theme: "ICAO AVSEC Programme Michiel Vreedenburgh ICAO Regional Officer Aerodromes & Ground Aids North American, Central American and Caribbean Regional Office."— Presentation transcript:

1 ICAO AVSEC Programme Michiel Vreedenburgh ICAO Regional Officer Aerodromes & Ground Aids North American, Central American and Caribbean Regional Office - Mexico ICAO–AENA Seminar on Airport Management: Security and Quality Antigua, Guatemala, October 2002

2 Security Statistics 21 acts of unlawful interference -7 unlawful seizures -2 attempted seizures -4 facility attacks -4 attempted facility attacks -2 in-flight attacks -1 attempted in-flight attack -1 attempted sabotage 301 passenger & 44 crew fatalities

3 Launch Pads to Security 2002 Conference 2002 Conference New Dimensions New Dimensions Aircraft as Weapons of Destruction Aircraft as Weapons of Destruction 2001 Assembly 2001 Assembly Continuous strengthening 1970 Assembly 1970 Assembly Hijackings Annex 17

4 AVSEC Section Mission Mission statement: To develop aviation security principles, communicate and promote such principles worldwide and assist ICAO Contracting States in implementing them.

5 AVSEC Technical Programme Annex 17 adopted in 1974 (1 st Edition) Recent edition: 7 th Ed April 2002 (10 amendments)

6 AVSEC Technical Programme ICAO Security Manual (Doc 8973/5) –Published 1971, revised 1983, 1987, 1992 and 1996 –New update being finalised

7 7 ICAO AVSEC Programme Implementation Regional AVSEC Seminars (since 1973) Technical Assistance Projects (since 1977) Regional AVSEC Coordinators Mechanism for Financial, Technical and Material Assistance to States (since 1989) Short-Term Expert Programme

8 Aviation Security Activities 139 Mechanism States –120 States visited - Technical Reports –35 States received follow-up missions Average of 50 training events per year –More than 210 training events since inception in 1989 –More than 4,200 participants in total 10 Aviation Security Training Centres (ASTCs) –Brussels/Moscow/Kiev/Casablanca/Dakar/ Nairobi/Amman/Penang/Port of Spain/Quito

9 Sabotage of aircraft and airport facilities

10 Hijacking of Aircraft

11 Armed attacks on airports & Attacks against air carrier premises

12 ICAO Countermeasures Philosophy Civil Aviation shall operate from a safe and secure environment free from unlawful interference

13 ICAO Countermeasures Philosophy States shall develop and implement such legislation and procedures as are necessary to ensure that there is a safe and secure environment

14 ICAO Countermeasures Philosophy The security standards put in place shall be consistent with Standards and Recommended Practices as promulgated by ICAO

15 ICAO Countermeasures Philosophy These standards shall be adequate to meet the threat

16 COMMON PROBLEMS Lack of national AVSEC programmes

17 COMMON PROBLEMS Lack of national AVSEC programmes Lack of national legislation

18 COMMON PROBLEMS Lack of national AVSEC programmes Lack of national legislation Lack of training programmes

19 COMMON PROBLEMS Lack of national AVSEC programmes Lack of national legislation Lack of training programmes Division of responsibility

20 COMMON PROBLEMS Lack of national AVSEC programmes Lack of national legislation Lack of training programmes Division of responsibility Lack of coordination

21 COMMON PROBLEMS Lack of national AVSEC programmes Lack of national legislation Lack of training programmes Division of responsibility Lack of coordination Lack of contingency planning

22 COMMON PROBLEMS Lack of national AVSEC programmes Lack of national legislation Lack of training programmes Division of responsibility Lack of coordination Lack of contingency planning Inadequate implementation of SARPs

23 Actions by ICAO since Events of 11 September 2001

24 ICAO Assembly 33rd ICAO General Assembly held in Montreal from 25 September to 5 October 2001 Passed Assembly Resolutions 33/1 and 33/2

25 ICAO Assembly (cont’d) The Assembly (and AVSECP/12) considered new security measures including: locking of cockpit doors application of Annex 17 to domestic flights background checks and security controls on staff

26 ICAO Assembly (cont’d) Further comprehensive review of Annex 17 to facilitate audit programme Review of AVSEC legal instruments Security Audit Programme Convening of High-level, Ministerial Conference on Aviation Security

27 Amendment 10 to Annex 17 Review of Annex 17 conducted by the ICAO Aviation Security Panel (AVSECP) 7 th Edition of Annex 17 incorporating Amendment 10 was published in April 2002 and became applicable on 1 July 2002

28 Amendment 10 New definitions: aircraft security check background check human factors and human performance security restricted area unidentified baggage

29 Amendment 10 Seventeen new Standards Eight new Recommended Practices Seven Recommended Practices upgraded to Standards

30 Amendment 10 application of Annex 17 measures to domestic flights

31 Amendment 10 national quality control

32 Amendment 10 International cooperation

33 Amendment 10 measures relating to security of aircraft

34 Amendment 10 measures relating to passengers and their cabin baggage

35 Amendment 10 measures relating to checked baggage

36 Amendment 10 measures relating to access control

37 Amendment 10 management of response to acts of unlawful interference

38 Amendment 10 code-sharing / collaborative arrangements

39 Amendment 10 human factors principles

40 Amendment 27 to Annex 6 Part I Chapter 13 Security – applicable 28 Nov Strengthened flight crew compartment door (Recommendation – Standard 1 Nov. 2003) Locking of door during flight Monitoring of area outside door Communications with flight crew Aircraft search inspection Security training programme Applicable to domestic operations

41 High-level, Ministerial Conference Montreal, 19 to 20 February 2002 Endorsed ICAO Aviation Security Plan of Action, including regular, mandatory, systematic and harmonized audits of aviation security

42 AVSEC Audit Programme Programme based on existing methodologies Aims to promote compliance with Annex 17 Aims to assist States to introduce good national quality control programmes

43 13th Meeting of AVSEC Panel April 2002 Security Strategic Objective No. 9 “To develop a detailed programme for the implementation of an ICAO Universal Security Audit”

44 Further amendments to Annex 17 AVSECP/14 in September 2002 AVSECP/15 in March 2003 Revision to make SARPs more “auditable”

45 ICAO Security Manual Revision in progress Sixth Edition to be finalised in 2002 Updated with regard to new SARPs Inclusion of more “job aids”

46 Where to from here?

47 Preventive Measures - Key Concepts Future ICAO AVSEC Developments Aviation Security Plan of Action Universal Security Audit Programme Aviation Security Regional Units GREPECAS AVSEC Committee

48 AVSEC Plan of Action AVSEC audit programme New and emerging threats –Identification, analysis, assessment, risk management methodology and development of response Strengthened AVSEC SARPs –Annex 17 –Security Manual –Annexes 1, 6, 8, 11, 14 & 18

49 AVSEC Plan of Action Review of legal instruments and air navigation procedures Expedited work on machine readable travel documents and biometrics ASTPs & ASTCs Seminars, exercises & workshops AVSEC Mechanism Technical Cooperation Projects

50 AVSEC Audit Programme Civil aviation security programmes Airport security arrangements References – ICAO USOAP, ECAC and US AVSEC audit programmes Baseline – Annex 17 Standards

51 AVSEC Audit Programme Programme documentation –Security Audit Reference Manual (SARM) based on Annex 17 Standards –Memorandum of Understanding –Pre-audit questionnaire –Auditor training programme based on SARM and Security Manual – basic/conversion –Auditor certification documentation

52 AVSEC Audit Programme Audit Methodology –Transparency and harmonization secondment of experts from States training & certification of auditors –Confidentiality of reports Selection of States – regional balance, known concerns, State requests Selection of 1 – 3 (2%) International Sample Airports – pax, flights, ops types

53 AVSEC Audit Programme Programme Implementation –Aviation Security Audit Unit –Phase 1 began in Sept with 1 course and 1 State audit in each region –Audits to commence in Nov –3 year audit cycle/63 audits per year –5 year audit cycle/38 audits per year –7 – 10 professional staff –Special Service Agreements (SSAs) & long-term secondments from States

54 AVSEC Audit Programme Audit follow-up assistance activities –Technical Cooperation –AVSEC Mechanism

55 AVSEC Regional Units ICAO Council recently approved the creation of ICAO Regional AVSEC Officer positions in ICAO Regional Offices

56 GREPECAS AVSEC Committee 1 st Meeting – Lima, Peru – August 2002 Draft Conclusions & Decisions AVSEC/COMM Composition AVSEC/COMM Terms of Reference AVSEC/COMM Coordination with LACAC ICAO Regional AVSEC Officers AVSEC Survey Questionnaire AVSEC/COMM/2 Meeting

57 Final Thoughts Is priority Number 1 Has synergy with safety Must not significantly impede the flow of passengers, freight, mail or aircraft Must be at a cost which does not drive the consumer away or place an undue burden on civil aviation

58 Thank You


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