Presentation on theme: "ICAO–AENA Seminar on Airport Management: Security and Quality Antigua, Guatemala, 14 - 18 October 2002 ICAO AVSEC Programme Michiel Vreedenburgh ICAO."— Presentation transcript:
1 ICAO–AENA Seminar on Airport Management: Security and Quality Antigua, Guatemala, October 2002ICAO AVSEC Programme Michiel Vreedenburgh ICAO Regional Officer Aerodromes & Ground Aids North American, Central American and Caribbean Regional Office - Mexico
3 Launch Pads to Security NewDimensionsContinuous strengthening1970AssemblyHijackingsAnnex 172002Conference2001AssemblyOn September 11, 2001, aircraft were used as weapons of destruction, instigating a whole new dimension of threatThe ICAO Assembly met just two weeks later and adopted Resolution A33-1, Declaration on misuse of civil aircraft as weapons of destruction and other terrorist acts involving civil aviationThis Resolution calls on States to strengthen preventive measures,achieve full implementation of ICAO SARPs and the multilateral conventions on AVSEC, enhance cooperation, and ensure severe punishment for infringementThe Resolution also called on ICAO to convene an AVSEC Conference at an early date and this High Level, Ministerial Conference on Aviation Security met in Montreal on 19 and 20 February 2002 to endorse a global strategy for strengthening AVSEC worldwideAircraft asWeapons ofDestruction
4 AVSEC Section Mission Mission statement: To develop aviation security principles, communicate and promote such principles worldwide and assist ICAO Contracting States in implementing them.
6 AVSEC Technical Programme ICAO Security Manual (Doc 8973/5)Published 1971, revised 1983, 1987, 1992 and 1996New update being finalised
7 ICAO AVSEC Programme Implementation Regional AVSEC Seminars (since 1973)Technical Assistance Projects (since 1977)Regional AVSEC CoordinatorsMechanism for Financial, Technical and Material Assistance to States (since 1989)Short-Term Expert Programme
8 Aviation Security Activities 139 Mechanism States120 States visited - Technical Reports35 States received follow-up missionsAverage of 50 training events per yearMore than 210 training events since inception in 1989More than 4,200 participants in total10 Aviation Security Training Centres (ASTCs)Brussels/Moscow/Kiev/Casablanca/Dakar/ Nairobi/Amman/Penang/Port of Spain/QuitoTo date, assessment of States’ security posture, upon request, has been carried out under the Aviation Security Mechanism. One hundred and twenty States have been visited for comprehensive technical evaluations based on Annex 17 and 35 States have received follow-up missions. Furthermore, over 210 training events have been organized in all regions for more than 4,200 participants. There is no doubt that direct aviation security assistance provided to States under this programme was global and considered to be useful by all parties involved.
11 Armed attacks on airports Attacks against air carrier premises &Attacks against air carrier premises
12 ICAO Countermeasures Philosophy Civil Aviation shall operate from a safe and secure environment free from unlawful interference
13 ICAO Countermeasures Philosophy States shall develop and implement such legislation and procedures as are necessary to ensure that there is a safe and secure environment
14 ICAO Countermeasures Philosophy The security standards put in place shall be consistent with Standards and Recommended Practices as promulgated by ICAO
15 ICAO Countermeasures Philosophy These standards shall be adequate to meet the threat
16 COMMON PROBLEMSLack of national AVSEC programmes
17 COMMON PROBLEMS Lack of national legislation Lack of national AVSEC programmesLack of national legislation
18 COMMON PROBLEMS Lack of national legislation Lack of national AVSEC programmesLack of national legislationLack of training programmes
19 COMMON PROBLEMS Lack of national legislation Lack of national AVSEC programmesLack of national legislationLack of training programmesDivision of responsibility
20 COMMON PROBLEMS Lack of national legislation Lack of national AVSEC programmesLack of national legislationLack of training programmesDivision of responsibilityLack of coordination
21 COMMON PROBLEMS Lack of national legislation Lack of national AVSEC programmesLack of national legislationLack of training programmesDivision of responsibilityLack of coordinationLack of contingency planning
22 COMMON PROBLEMS Lack of national legislation Lack of national AVSEC programmesLack of national legislationLack of training programmesDivision of responsibilityLack of coordinationLack of contingency planningInadequate implementation of SARPs
23 Actions by ICAO since Events of 11 September 2001 Revision of Annex 17 was given greater urgency by the events of September 11.
24 ICAO Assembly33rd ICAO General Assembly held in Montreal from 25 September to5 October 2001Passed Assembly Resolutions 33/1 and 33/233/1 Declaration on misuse of civil aircraft as weapons of destruction and other terrorist acts involving civil aviation33/2 Consolidated statement of continuing policies related to the safeguarding of international civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference
25 ICAO Assembly (cont’d) The Assembly (and AVSECP/12) considered new security measures including:locking of cockpit doorsapplication of Annex 17 to domestic flightsbackground checks and security controls on staffThe AVSEC Panel also met in emergency session during the AssemblyThese new measures are included in Amendment 10 to Annex 17
26 ICAO Assembly (cont’d) Further comprehensive review of Annex 17 to facilitate audit programmeReview of AVSEC legal instrumentsSecurity Audit ProgrammeConvening of High-level, Ministerial Conference on Aviation Security
27 Amendment 10 to Annex 17Review of Annex 17 conducted by the ICAO Aviation Security Panel (AVSECP)7th Edition of Annex 17 incorporating Amendment 10 was published in April 2002 and became applicable on 1 July 2002During the next 30 minutes, we will review the recent changes with regard to Aviation Security,The review of Annex 17 was conducted by the ICAO Aviation Security Panel during the tenth and eleventh meetings held in Montreal from 11 to 14 April 2000 and from 2 to 6 April 2001 respectively
28 Amendment 10 New definitions: aircraft security check background check human factors and human performancesecurity restricted areaunidentified baggageaircraft security check (S )background check (S , 4.7.2)human factors and human performance (RP 2.4.2, S )security restricted area (S )unidentified baggage (RP )
29 Amendment 10 Seventeen new Standards Eight new Recommended Practices Seven Recommended Practices upgraded to StandardsIt is interesting to note that, prior to 11 September 2001, the AVSEC Panels Ten and Eleven recommended:Six new StandardsSeven new Recommended PracticesThree Recommended Practices upgraded to Standards
30 Amendment 10 application of Annex 17 measures to domestic flights Requirement for the application of Annex 17 measures to domestic flights to the extent practicable (S 2.1.3)
31 Amendment 10 national quality control Requirement for National, Airport and Airline security programmes to be WRITTEN and IMPLEMENTED (S 3.1.1,S and 3.3.1)Requirement for national quality control programme to be implemented by State (S 3.4.4)Requirement for National AVSEC Committee - implying the need for greater coordination (S 3.1.6)Requirement for Contingency plans to be exercised on a regular basis - as with Annex 14 for emergency plans (S 3.2.4)Requirement for background checks, selection procedures, training and certification of security staff(S upgraded from existing RP, S and S 3.4.3)Recommendation that States accept the ICAO model operators security programme as internationally acceptable (RP 3.3.2)
32 Amendment 10 International cooperation Requirement for sharing of threat information and the treatment of such information (S and S 2.3.5)
33 Amendment 10 measures relating to security of aircraft Requirement for the checking of aircraft to ensure that disembarking passengers do not leave items on board at transit stops (S 4.2.2)Requirement that adequate measures are taken to prevent unauthorized access to the cockpit (S 4.2.3)
34 Amendment 10 measures relating to passengers and their cabin baggage Requirement for the screening of passengers and their hand baggage (S 4.3.1)(Always implied before but never actually directly stated.)
35 Amendment 10 measures relating to checked baggage Requirement for additional security controls for hold baggage(S and S 4.4.2)Requirement for screening of all originating checked baggage from 1 January 2006 (S 4.4.8)Requirement that transfer bags be subjected to appropriate security controls (S 4.4.6) and authorized for carriage (S 4.4.7)
36 Amendment 10 measures relating to access control Requirement for establishment of security restricted areas with procedures and ID systems for access (S 4.7.1) and for background checks and appropriate security controls for those entering (S 4.7.2, RP 4.7.4, RP and RP 4.7.6)
37 Amendment 10 management of response to acts of unlawful interference Upgrading requirement for pilot in command to be notified of armed persons on board (S 4.6.4)Upgrading requirement for operators to have measures for dealing with deportees (S 4.6.5)recommendation that States should provide information during an act of unlawful interference to assist in its resolution (RP 5.2.7)
38 Amendment 10 code-sharing / collaborative arrangements Recommendation on collaborative arrangements requiring the notification of such to the appropriate authority(RP 3.3.3)
39 Amendment 10 human factors principles Recommendation “Each Contracting State should ensure that the development of new security equipment takes into consideration Human Factors principles”.Standard (formerly ) has been strengthened to require training programmes to include training of AVSEC personnel in human performance.References made to the Human Factors Digest - Human Factors in Civil Aviation Security Operations, and to Part 1 Chapter 4 of the Human Factors Training Manual (Doc 9683)New section on Quality Control: S performance standards, S certification of security personnel, RP States should look at the overall system performance of AVSEC systemsHF Implied in RPs and with regard to promotion of research and development of security equipment.
40 Amendment 27 to Annex 6 Part I Chapter 13 Security – applicable 28 Nov. 2002Strengthened flight crew compartment door (Recommendation – Standard 1 Nov. 2003)Locking of door during flightMonitoring of area outside doorCommunications with flight crewAircraft search inspectionSecurity training programmeApplicable to domestic operationsaircraft security check (S )background check (S , 4.7.2)human factors and human performance (RP 2.4.2, S )security restricted area (S )unidentified baggage (RP )
41 High-level, Ministerial Conference Montreal, 19 to 20 February 2002Endorsed ICAO Aviation Security Plan of Action, including regular, mandatory, systematic and harmonized audits of aviation security
42 AVSEC Audit Programme Programme based on existing methodologies Aims to promote compliance with Annex 17Aims to assist States to introduce good national quality control programmes
43 13th Meeting of AVSEC Panel April 2002 Security Strategic Objective No. 9“To develop a detailed programme for the implementation of an ICAO Universal Security Audit”WP 13 proposed that “The efficiency and effectiveness of civil aviation security to counter terrorist threats is critically dependent on the people in the system. Bearing this in mind, Human Factors knowledge should be applied to maximize performance of the system”five priority areas were identified, with recommendations that appropriate training and guidance material be developed.
44 Further amendments to Annex 17 AVSECP/14 in September 2002AVSECP/15 in March 2003Revision to make SARPs more “auditable”AVSECP/13 will consider further changes to inputs from working groups on new and emerging threats to civil aviation, categorization of Standards into “critical”, “non-critical”, “administrative” and “organizational” with regard to the conduct of audits, and consider further guidelines for the conduct of the audit programme.AVSEC P/14 will focus on revision of Annex 17 to make SARPs more “auditable”.
45 ICAO Security Manual Revision in progress Sixth Edition to be finalised in 2002Updated with regard to new SARPsInclusion of more “job aids”Currently being revised by AVSEC Section in coordination with an AVSEC Panel Working GroupDoc 8973/6 target date for draft is September 2002, in time for AVSECP/14, draft to be for approval later this year.
48 AVSEC Plan of Action AVSEC audit programme New and emerging threats Identification, analysis, assessment, risk management methodology and development of responseStrengthened AVSEC SARPsAnnex 17Security ManualAnnexes 1, 6, 8, 11, 14 & 18
49 AVSEC Plan of ActionReview of legal instruments and air navigation proceduresExpedited work on machine readable travel documents and biometricsASTPs & ASTCsSeminars, exercises & workshopsAVSEC MechanismTechnical Cooperation Projects
51 AVSEC Audit Programme Programme documentation Security Audit Reference Manual (SARM) based on Annex 17 StandardsMemorandum of UnderstandingPre-audit questionnaireAuditor training programme based on SARM and Security Manual – basic/conversionAuditor certification documentation
52 AVSEC Audit Programme Audit Methodology Transparency and harmonization secondment of experts from Statestraining & certification of auditorsConfidentiality of reportsSelection of States – regional balance, known concerns, State requestsSelection of 1 – 3 (2%) International Sample Airports – pax, flights, ops types
53 AVSEC Audit Programme Programme Implementation Aviation Security Audit UnitPhase 1 began in Sept with 1 course and 1 State audit in each regionAudits to commence in Nov. 20023 year audit cycle/63 audits per year5 year audit cycle/38 audits per year7 – 10 professional staffSpecial Service Agreements (SSAs) & long-term secondments from States
55 AVSEC Regional UnitsICAO Council recently approved the creation of ICAO Regional AVSEC Officer positions in ICAO Regional Offices
56 GREPECAS AVSEC Committee 1st Meeting – Lima, Peru – August 2002Draft Conclusions & DecisionsAVSEC/COMM CompositionAVSEC/COMM Terms of ReferenceAVSEC/COMM Coordination with LACACICAO Regional AVSEC OfficersAVSEC Survey QuestionnaireAVSEC/COMM/2 Meeting
57 Final Thoughts Is priority Number 1 Has synergy with safety Must not significantly impede the flow of passengers, freight, mail or aircraftMust be at a cost which does not drive the consumer away or place an undue burden on civil aviation