Presentation on theme: "Indirect Object Action Verb Direct Object Subject Linking Verb"— Presentation transcript:
1 Indirect Object Action Verb Direct Object Subject Linking Verb Step 1: ask verb what?** this is the direct objectStep 2: if there is a DO, ask verb direct object to whom?** this is the indirect object*Neither a DO or IO are needed!Indirect ObjectAction VerbDirect ObjectSubjectLinking VerbSubject ComplementLinking?Step 1: ask what describes or renames the subject** this is the subject complement(it complements the subject!!)Step 2: decide if the SC is an adjective or a noun*A SC is ALWAYS needed!!!PredicateAdjectivePredicateNounJack threw Jill the pen Jack is not very coordinated2. Jill caught the pen Jill appears hurt after her fall.3. Jill went up the hill Jack and Jill are nursery characters.IODOSC/PADOSC/PASC/PN
2 A word that looks like a verb but acts like a noun VerbalsGerundsA word that looks like a verb but acts like a nounIt ALWAYS ends in ing!!!It can be placed in four different spots!1. Subject: Rafting is fun!2. Direct Object: I enjoy rafting!3. Subject Complement: My favorite activity is rafting!4. Object of a Preposition: I am tired after rafting!
3 VerbalsParticipleA word that looks like a verb but acts like an adjectivePresent participles end in -ing.Past participles end in -ed, -en, -d, -t, -n, or -ne asked, eaten, saved, dealt, seen, and gone.The rafting boat remains in the shop.The asked question remained unanswered.The half eaten watermelon remained on the table.The saved document remained on the computer.The dealt deck of cards remained in play.The often seen movie remains in the top twenty most popular.
4 Verbals Infinitives Is ALWAYS to plus a word A word that looks like a verb but acts like a noun, adjective, or adverbIs ALWAYS to plus a wordNoun (subject): To drive seemed like a good idea.Noun (direct object): Everyone wanted to drive.Noun (subject complement): His ambition is to drive.Adjective: I have a car to drive.Adverb: We must study to drive.
5 Verbal Practice Participle Gerund/subject Gerund/direct object The flying car went past.Grading makes me tired.I have made rafting a hobby.It is fun to watch a movie and to go to dinner.The temperature is freezing.The police arrested him for speeding.The loved dog was played with every day.Gerund/subjectGerund/direct objectInfinitive X’s 2Gerund/subject complementGerund/object of prepositionParticipleGerund/object of prepositionGerund/subject complementGerund/subjectGerund/direct objectParticipleParticipleInfinitive