Presentation on theme: "SECRETARY TO GOVT Of MIZORAM FCSCA, SYS & SCHOOL EDUCATION"— Presentation transcript:
1 SECRETARY TO GOVT Of MIZORAM FCSCA, SYS & SCHOOL EDUCATION RURAL DEVELOPMENT MIZORAM CHALLENGES & PROSPECTS WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON CONVERGENCE OF MGNREGA & OTHER SCHEMESR.LALVENASECRETARY TO GOVT Of MIZORAMFCSCA, SYS & SCHOOL EDUCATION
2 Planning for Rural Development …. A complex process which envisages the development of rural areas.Aims at all round development of people living in Rural areas.Aims at improving Rural peoples’ livelihood in an equitable and sustainable manner.Objectives of RD Programmes ….. alleviation of poverty and un-employment through creation of basic, social and economic infrastructure thereby bringing a quality rural life.
3 Development Perspective Rural infrastructure and habitat developmentPoverty reductionProvision of basic minimum servicesEmployment generationMaking available basic necessitiesTarget Groups: poorest of the poor and the weakest
4 Causes for Poverty and Vulnerability Little control over their own Life And Destiny Employment Insecurity and Low IncomesLack of Control over Common ResourcesLack of Assets and EntitlementsLow Productivity of AssetsIlliteracy, Poor Health and Nutritional StatusLack of Access to Credit, Information & Technology
5 “Paradigm Shift in Approach” aim at Universal Coverageare DemandDrivenaim at Empowerment of the Poorare TimeBoundfollowParticipatoryApproachhave built in Transparency and Accountability
6 India’s Vision for the future India has outlined targets based on the Millennium Development Goals (MDG)The first goal is to Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger“Inclusive Growth” and “Paradigm Shift in Approach” are the Mainstay
7 Promoting Inclusive Growth through Planned Programs Coverage ofSCs,STs,OTHERS(Children,minorities)Coverage of VulnerableWOMENCoverage of Women
8 PROFILE OF R. D. PROGRAMSRD programs can be divided in to fourcategories :Programs for Self and Wage Employment.Programs for Rural Infrastructure & Minimum Basic Needs.Programs for Natural Resources Management; and,Programs for Social Security.
9 I. PROGRAMS FOR SELF AND WAGE EMPLOYMENT Guaranteeing Wage Employment through Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)Promoting Self EmploymentThrough National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM)
10 II.PROGRAMS FOR RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE & MINIMUM BASIC NEEDS Prime Minister’s Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)SwajaldharaRural Sanitation Program (NBA/TSC)PURA (Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas)Integrated Rural Housing Scheme (IRHS)Indira Awaas YojanaSamagra Awaas YojanaPradhan Mantri Gramdoya Yojana (G.A)Credit-cum-Subsidy Scheme
11 III.PROGRAMS FOR NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Integrated Wasteland Development Program (IWDP) (Watershed Development and Hariyali)Land ConsolidationLand ReformsComputerization of Land Records
12 IV.PROGRAMS FOR SOCIAL SECURITY NATIONAL PROGRAM FOR SOCIAL ASSISTANCE (NSAP) Old Age Pension, Widow PensionNational Family Benefit SchemeNational Maternity Benefit SchemeICDS and Allied ServicesSubsidized Food for Old & DestituteAnnapoornaAntodaya
13 Challenges …Most programmes represented top-down, techno- bureaucratic solutions to poverty alleviationPeoples’ participation in planning, designing, implementation and monitoring lackingIn implementation most programmes reduced to chasing paper targetsLittle or no gender focus – assumption that improvement in status of family will automatically improve status of women belied by experienceProgrammes conceptualized for women did not enable them to pull themselves out of a disadvantageous situationNo flexibility to adapt programme design to local conditions
14 Challenges…. Low importance of Social Dev. Programmes to PRI. High Adm. Costs of Program Implementation.Low importance of Social Dev. Programmes to PRI.Perils of centralisation of Program Administration.Multiplicity of Agencies & Difficulties in Coordination.Technical deptt. entrusted with routine jobsLack of result oriented planning, Monitoring & EvaluationProgram Leakages
15 Prospects …. Unity of plan & policy Organising the poor for greater participationEmphasis on coordination rather than on controlScheme to originate from PRIs and not state/ centre (bottom up – NOT TOP DOWN)Simplification of procedures/ normsAdoption of package approachPRIs as corporate bodiesFocus on HRDCreation of satisfactory monitoring system to measure & regulate performance during implementation
16 Prospects Create Rights and Legal Guarantees for rural poor Decentralise Planning and ImplementationSet up well defined Systems with clear GuidelinesInvolve Partners and StakeholdersConverge Schemes with Common ObjectivesIncentivise AchievementsEnsure Transparency and AccountabilityUse IT platform for effective MonitoringEstablish Grievance Redressal Mechanism
17 Strengthening Grassroot Processes of Democracy Financial InclusionLarge Scale Capacity BuildingSocial AuditsGrievance Redressal MechanismICT in MIS
18 TOWARDS CONVERGENCEMinistry of Rural Development issued series of guidelines for convergence of MGNREGA with other SchemesState Level Workshop on Convergence held on 19th March 2014 with Line Departments.Series of consultations between RD Deptt and Line Deptt – 4 Departments identified for taking up convergence for the yearRubber Plantation, Silkworm Development, Horticulture Development and Pisciculture Development selected for the pilot
19 MGNREGS – More Efforts at Convergence for 2015-16 PMGSY on Farm Net (road construction)Sports Dept for Construction of PlaygroundsAH & Vety Deptt for site preparation of livestock houses.Irrigation Dept for micro irrgation canals.Agriculture Dept for land development.PHE Dept for NBA and Groundwater recharge.Forest Dept for site preparation, afforestation etc.SWD for construction of anganwadi centre/approach.SLRM for engagement of SHGs as Labour Groups, Social Auditors, facilitators etc.
20 Intra-Depttal Convergence 4 areas of convergence within RD DepttPresently implemented by it:BRGF – filling up of critical gap in creating physical infrastructure : Land Development, irrigation channels, Water Harvesting Structures, road construction for farm network (road connecting farms only) – Works to be synchronized with MGNREGA.IWMP – labour component from MGNREGA - watershed approach, digging of pits, trenches, land development including terracing – half moon, bench terracing etc. Materials, tools, saplings to be procured from IWMPIAY – Financial support to beneficiaries. Labour component for site preparation and construction of houses, digging of pits/latrines to be done from MGNREGASRLM – Services of federations to be for labour groups, facilitators, social auditors, supervisory role in implementation of MGNREGA, awareness generation in rural areas.
25 ROAD AHEAD FOR CONVERGENCE More Departments to be involved1.Farm Net (PWD/PMGSY)2.Cattle Shed (AH & Vety)3.Agriculture Activities4.Construction of Anganwadi Centres5. Drinking Water & Sanitation (PHE)6.Forest Plantation (Forest Deptt)
26 APPEAL TO ALL MCS OFFICERS Actual implementing officersManaging the affairs of the government – diversified worksDedication and hard workSpread all over the state : from block, sub division, district and state levels.Largely depend on the determination and dedication