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Government Unit 1.1. Government Government institution w/power to make and enforce rules for a group of people ww.cpdulles.com/government.htmww.cpdulles.com/government.htm.

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Presentation on theme: "Government Unit 1.1. Government Government institution w/power to make and enforce rules for a group of people ww.cpdulles.com/government.htmww.cpdulles.com/government.htm."— Presentation transcript:

1 Government Unit 1.1

2 Government Government institution w/power to make and enforce rules for a group of people ww.cpdulles.com/government.htmww.cpdulles.com/government.htm ww

3 Foundations of Democracy Origins of Govt Origins of Govt  Evolution Theory  Force Theory  Divine Rights of Kings  Social Contract

4 Evolution theory Force theory Families grow into nations - tribes, clans Strong overcome weak  Alexander the Great, Napoleon, Caesar estors/images/nelson-a.jpg uhurunews.com/.../ComandanteFidelCastroWFlag.jpg

5 Divine Rights of Kings Aka: legitimacy God selects rulers Ex; ancient China & Egypt, Pope lh3.ggpht.com/.../woFuTo4kJGQ/IMG_2537.JPG

6 Social Contract Theory Hobbs Individuals enter binding contract when part of society upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/

7 Leading Political Thinkers Thomas Hobbs John Locke Montesquieu William Blackstone Alexis de Tocqueville Voltaire Jean Jacques Rousseau

8 Thomas Hobbs Self interest Give up rights for law & order Supported absolute monarchy

9 John Locke  All are born free and equal  Natural Rights- Life, Liberty, and Property gov is to protect natural rights If a gov fails to do so, right to overthrow it/ or revolution

10 Montesquieu Separation of Powers  Executive  Judicial  Legislative Checks and Balances dt-ss.tripod.com/montesquieu.jpg

11 Niccolò Machiavelli Monarch- respect private property, traditions & promote material prosperity Liberalism files/ims/the-prince.jpg

12 William Blackstone authority on common law influence on legal job & teaching of law in UK and US mBlackstone.jpg amazon.com/images/I/51QD3ARGFGL.jpg

13 Alexis de Tocqueville common purpose would bind Americans predicted democracy would increase and rights for all concerned with improving the lives of all citizens w/o intrusion of gov ge/3/ jpg

14 Voltaire outspoken supporter of  Civil liberties  Freedom of religion  Right to a fair trial  Against censorship

15 Jean Jacques Rousseau individual freedom social contract  Agree btwn free people to create a gov that responds to the people’s will representative gov es/Social+Contract.jpg mage/Rousseau.gif


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