Presentation on theme: "How in the world do I take notes?"— Presentation transcript:
1 How in the world do I take notes? How can I possibly write down everything she says or everything that is on the powerpoint???
2 ANSWER 1: PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE! ANSWER 2: YOU CAN’T,SO DON’T EVEN TRY!!!
3 Four Purposes For Note Taking Provides a written record for reviewForces the listener to pay attentionRequires organization, which involves active effort on the part of the listenerListener must condense and rephrase, which aids understanding
4 Decide How Much You Are Going To Do Taking notes facilitates learning, by allowing you to become an effective learner.When taking notes you will stay more focused on what is being said or what you are reading; you will be continuously analyzing; you will be forced to think rapidly about what you see and hear.Hearing a thing once is not enough. Memory requires review and understandingAfter lecture:Material forgotten:20 minutes47%1 day62%2 days69%10 weeks75%15 weeks95%
5 Before Taking Notes Generate enthusiasm and interest Increased knowledge results in increased interestA clear sense of purpose on your part will make the course content more relevantActing as if you are interested can helpDon't let the personality or mannerisms of a speaker put you offWhat, not how, is important
6 Before Taking Notes Prepare yourself mentally Review your notes and other background materialThink through what has happened in the class to date
7 Before Taking Notes Be ready to understand and remember Anticipate what is to come, and evaluate how well you were able to do thisWe learn from failure
8 Note taking = Dictation Note taking is writing complete ideas; dictation is writing complete sentences.
9 Examples World History meets 5 days a week, from 10:00 am to 10:50. Dictation:World History meets 5 days a week, from 10:00 am to 10:50.Notes:Wld Hist- 5 d/wk – 10:50 am
10 Choose an effective note taking system i.e. Cornell MethodOutlineMappingChartingSentences or Paragraphs
11 Cornell Note Taking Method Description:A systematic format of condensing and organizing notes without need for laborious recopying, by dividing paper into specific sections.Method: (R7 – Record, Recall, Reduce, Recapitulate, Recite, Review, Reflect)Divide paper into three sections (2-inch column on left - for “cues”; 6.5 inch “main space” on right – to make notes; 2-inch column on bottom to summarize.)Keep notes during class in “main space”/Each time instructor moves to a new point, skip a few linesAfter class, complete phrases and sentences as much as possible/write “cues” in left hand columnTo review – cover “main section” with card; say “cue” out loud and then say as much you can; move card and see if it matches what you wrote.If you can say it, you know it!!
12 Cornell Method (continued) Cornell Note Taking Method (R7)-the Template--2 inches inches –1. RECORD(during class)3. REDUCE (1) write down facts and ideas in phrases(after class) (2) use abbreviations when possible(1) key words, phrases orquestions that serve as cues(2) cue phrases and questions RECALLshould be in your own words (after class)(1) read through your notes(2) fill in blanks and make “scribbles” more legible5. RECITE(1) with classroom notes REVIEW and 7. REFLECTcovered, read each key (1) review your notes periodicallyword or question (2) think about what you have learned(2) recite the fact oridea that comes to mindby the key word orquestion4. RECAPITULATION-2 inches (after class)(1) summarize each main idea
13 6. Review and 7. Reflect 1. RECORD 3. Reduce 5. Recite: 2. Recall NOTETAKING METHODS /28/083. Reduce5. Recite:Why take notes? -Active Learner -Effective learner? -Walter Pauk? How do you prepare? -Syllabus … what’s there? -Test questions vs detail? Why need to know? -Relationship of text to class? -Why have a class buddy?WHY?? -Instructors share information -Serve as “file” of information -Help you become “active listener” -Helps you become “effective learner” -HELP YOU REMEMBER INFORMATION!! (Walter Pauk?) HOW TO GET READY? -Review syllabus -course objectives -main topics -assignments -??? -Relationship between class and text -Identify testing -types of questions -concepts vs details in notes -ask instructor & other students -Class buddy -Why need/taking course (like or NOT) -Choose effective methodStudied student retention rates, wrote books on studying i.e. How to Study in College, 19972. RecallStay focused … analyze …think rapidly6. Review and Reflect+ Class schedule, website, test dates, instructor office hours, etc.Is text important … supplement or info NOT discussed in class4. RecapitulateNote taking is important part of successful college studying. “A” students need to understand WHY and HOW good notes will help them get good grades.
14 Cornell Method (continued) When to use:In ANY lecture situationAdvantages:Provides an organized and systematic means for recording and reviewing notesEasy format for pulling out major concepts and ideasSimple and efficientSaves time and effortA “Do-it-right-in-the-first-place” methodDisadvantages:None
15 Outline Method Description: Method: Starting with general information at the left, with more specific facts and clarifications indented to the rightMethod:Listen and then write down points in organized pattern, based on space indentationPlace major points farthest to the left and indent each more specific point to the rightLevels of importance will be indicated by distance away from major pointIndentation can be simple (no marking, just space relationships or more complex, by using Roman numerals, letters and/or decimals
16 I. Why take Notes? Notetaking 101 6/25/08 I. Main Points -Instructors give additional information-Notes serve as “information file”-Facilitates learning>active listener>critical thinkerII. How to Prepare:-Review syllabus>course objectives>topics to be covered>dates of assignments/exams>grading-Relationship of class to textbook-Determine kind of testing>multiple guess>short answer>essay-Have a class buddy-Pick a method i.e.>Cornell>Outline>Mapping>Charting>Sentences/ParagraphsI. Main PointsA. Specific Points1. “more” Specific Points
17 Outline (continued) When to use: Advantages: Disadvantages: When lecture is organized and sequentialThere is enough time in lecture to think about and make organizational decisionsAdvantages:Well organized system, if done correctlyReduces need to editEasy to turn main points into questionsDisadvantages:Requires more thought in class for accurate organizationMay not show relationships by sequence when neededDoesn’t lend to itself to variety of review and question applicationsVERY difficult if lecturer speaks fast
18 Mapping Method Description: Method: A graphic means of representing information, which relates each fact/idea to every other fact or idea.Method:Determine the “subject/topic”. Write this title in the center of page with a circle around it.As you major facts (subheadings) are presented that relate to the subject/topic, draw lines out from the circle and label.As additional facts are presented that relate to each subheading, draw these lines, linked to appropriate major fact and label.Continue process as more defining facts or ideas are presented.
19 Subject/Topic +s -s -s +s Note taking Subheadings/Major Ideas 7/2/08 Additional facts/support7/2/08Simple/efficientNo need to re-writeSaves timeSupporting Ideas/FactsReview+sorganized/systematicReciteReflect(R7)Recapitulate-s3. MAPPING2. CORNELLReduce(NONE)RecallRecord1.OUTLINE4. CHARTING-sNOT good for “fast” lectures+sSelect a methodI.A.B.1.2.a.organized5. SENTENCE/PARAGRAPHshows relationshipsLacks review diversitySubheadings/Major IdeasNote takingSubject/TopicWhy take?Info not found in textsHow to prepare:Information fileFind “class buddy”Critical thinkerBecome “active” listenerobjectivesClarify feelingsReview syllabusgradingQuestioning attitudeTypes of examsRelate class & textIdentify testing methodsAssignment/exam dates
20 Mapping (continued) When to use: Advantages: Disadvantages: When lecture content is well organizedOften effective with guest lecturer and have no idea how lecture will be presentedEffective if you are mainly a “visual” learnerAdvantages:Helps keep visual track of lectureRelationships easy to seeCan cover lines for memory review and relationshipsDisadvantages:You may not hear changes in content from major points to factsCan be visually overwhelming
21 Charting Method Description: Method: A use of columns with appropriate heading labels in a table format i.e. material offered in chronological orderMethod:Determine categories to be covered in lectureSet paper up ahead of time by drawing columns with determined categories as headings for eachPlace information in appropriate columns
22 Supporting Information -or- Notetaking MethodsCategory HeadingsMethod Process Advantages Disadvantages WhenCornell -divide paper in sections -organized -NONE ANY lecture(recall column, record -systematiccolumn, recapitulate column -simple/efficient7Rs – Record, Recall, Reduce,Recapitulate, Recite, Review,ReflectOutline -points organized based on -well-organized -may not show -when lectureimportance -easy to review sequence as needed is organized-relationships established by enough timeindenting to make org.decisionsSupporting Information-or-Modern HistoryPeriod Important People Events Significance FDR WWII USA involvement
23 Charting (continued) When to use: Advantages: Disadvantages: When test will focus on both facts and relationshipsWhen you want an overview on one piece of paper in sequenceAdvantages:Reduces amount of writing neededProvides easy review mechanismFacilitates both memorization and compare/relateDisadvantages:Need to learn how to develop effective categoriesMust be fully engaged in lecture
24 Sentence/Paragraphs Description: Method: Record of complete thoughts/concepts.Method:Write every new thought, fact or topic presentedUse a “new” line for each new thought/factNumber lines as you progress
25 Numbered thoughts, facts or ideas Notetaking /17/2008Numbered thoughts, facts or ideasWe take notes: when instr. offers “new” ideas; to facilitate learning and/or remember info.To take notes need to prepare i.e. rev. syllabus; compare txt /class; identify test types (i.e. mult. choice, short ans. or essay); find a class buddy; develop ? attitude and select effective method (i.e. Cornell, Outline, Mapping, Charting, Sentence/Para.)Use abbreviations to expedite process
26 Sentence (continued) When to use: Advantages: Disadvantages: When lecture is somewhat organizedHeavy content which comes very fastInstructor presents in point fashion, but not in list i.e. “three related points”Advantages:Gets more or ALL of informationDisadvantages:Can’t determine major vs minor points from numbered sequenceDifficult to edit without having to totally rewrite
27 You have the methods … so here are some Basic Tips: Concentrate on lecture or readingTake notes selectively … do NOT try to write every wordUse your own wordsBe brief … focus on major points and important informationWrite legiblyDon’t worry about grammar or spelling
28 Know WHAT to Write - (How to Recognize/Remember the Important Stuff!?!) Instructors usually pause before or after an important ideaInstructors tend to write important ideas on the board, overhead and/or PowerPoint.Instructors often use repetition to emphasize an important pointMost instructors use introductory phrases i.e. “A point to remember …” or “A critical consideration …”
29 Know WHAT to Write (cont.) You need to listen for signal wordsthat lead to main ideas/points:“There are three reasons why … ““First … Second … Third … ““… and most important … ““A major development … “that indicate support material:On the other hand … ““For example … ““For instance … ““Similarly … ““Also …”“Furthermore …”“In contrast …”
30 Signal words (cont.) that signal conclusion or summary: “Therefore … ““In conclusion … ““As a result … ““Finally …”In summary … ““From this we can see … “that are often said VERY loud:“Now this is important … ““Remember that … ““The important idea is that … ““The basic concept here is … “
31 Use symbols and abbreviations. Mr = !Mrs %w/ ‹pop ›& # w/o x