Presentation on theme: "Taking Effective Notes"— Presentation transcript:
1 Taking Effective Notes If you need to remember something for class:Write it downReview itOrganize itKeep it handyStay on top of your notes!
2 Take Charge of Your Lectures Commit to each meeting of the classConcentrate!Capture key ideas and listen activelyConnect ideasAsk a question to see if the connections are correctWrite them down
3 To Process Information Efficiently Commit yourself to do your best work.Concentrate to eliminate distractions and focus on the material.Connect new ideas to what you already know.Capture critical information with your pencil or penI’m here to help!Commit to class: the work, being there, and being psychologically ready.Concentrate and listen.Capture key ideas by identifying key words and themes, relating details to the main point, working on your sixth sense, saving your energy by not writing down what you already know, and listening for clues that signal the significance of a certain topic.Connect ideas by paraphrasing what you hear, relating key ideas to what you already know, looking up unknown words, and anticipating what direction the class will take.
4 Commit to the Class & the Work Involved Be psychologically ready to learn.Arrive a few minutes early and review your notes and previous reading assignment.Identify areas that are difficult to understand.Develop questions that will help you clarify challenging aspects of the material.Be on time: instructors often review during the first few minutes of class.Commit and persevere!
5 Concentrate on the Material Keep your mind “on-task.”Be aware of distractions & don’t let them have youTalking to others “off-task”Daydreaming & doodlingNot paying attentionStay focused!
6 Capture Key Ideas and Listen Actively We’reCaptured!Identify key words, themes, and main pointsRecognize organizational patterns in the lectureRelate details to the main pointListen for cluesTake ownership of the informationThe "idea" people
7 Connect Ideas Paraphrase what you hear Relate key ideas to what you already knowMake a note of (or circle) unknown wordsConnect new ideas with previous onesNew knowledgebecomesPrior knowledge
8 Identify Key Words, Themes and Main Points Listen you (underline) the words that the instructor repeats, highlights, or illustrates with examples.Listen for new words and phrases and learn their meaning in the context.Look for the broader picture to which the material relates—even if your instructor does not specifically present it to you.Observe your instructor for clues about what he or she thinks is important (this is more likely to be on the test)Look for the keys!
9 Listen for Clues Note when a topic comes up more than once. Transition words signal the change of topics or new key points:“in contrast to”“let’s move on”“Shifting gears”“this will be on the next exam”Lists usually give important material that is easy to test (lists of four words, phrases, ideas etc make great multiple choice questions).Instructors are most likely to test on ideas they consider exciting, so listen for special enthusiasm.This one for sure!
10 Develop Your Note-taking Style Successful students take good notes.A successful note-taking strategy reflects:the complexity of the course contentthe lecturer’s styleyour own learning preferencesUse any strategy that will help the key ideas stand out for you.Don’t take down every word in a lecture,just the ones that matter!
11 Choose the Note-Taking Method that’s right for you… The Cornell SystemOutliningSummary Method
12 The Cornell SystemDivide your notepaper by drawing a vertical line 2 inches from the left margin.On the right side, take your notes from class.On the left side, writekey wordsquestionscommentsExamplesOn the bottom, write a summaryThese will make your work easier to review laterTest yourself by identifying the lecture material on the right , prompted by your comments on the left.
13 OutliningFormalOutlineThis is easy to do with a well-organized lecture, otherwise you may have to work a little harder.Use headings and subheadings followed by course material.Your results will be neat, easy to follow notes, providing a clear picture of the information.InformalOutline
14 No, we’d better summarize! Summary MethodMonitor the lecture for critical ideas.Pause to create your own summary of what has been presented.This method will force you to determine what is important and how information is related to the topics presented.This is an especially effective method for dealing with a disorganized lecture.No, we’d better summarize!Did you get that?
15 Listen Critically During Class Beallears!Be ready for the “message”.Listen to main concepts.Listen for new ideas.Repeat mentally.Ask questions.Sort, organize and categorize as you take notes.
16 Master Note-Taking Strategies Identify the Session ClearlyDate your notesIndicate the end of each exams worth of notes (“End of exam 1 notes, Beginning of exam 3 notes, already quizzed on these notes, etc)Reduce to key ideas on one sheet of paperEnhance notes from all possible sourcesUse abbreviationsb/c, w/, E., e, leave out most vowels, etc.)Use colors (sparingly)Add colors to notes when studying to highlight important pointsGood notes are essential for good scholarship.
17 Other Note-Taking Tips Write your notes in your own words.Avoid writing things down that you do not understand (ask a question, then write it down when you understand)Review your notes often (not just before test)Keep evaluating your note-taking strategyBe Organized!
18 Short-Term Memory: Listening and Forgetting Most forgetting takes place 24 hours after you see or hear something!If you don’t review after class, you might have forgotten up to 70% of the material.If you don't use it,you will lose it!Don’t let your brain atrophy!