1Session III: Reading & Note-Taking Strategies Study Smarter! Not Harder!
2It All Starts With Listening If you’re not listening you’re NOT engaged, and your notes will reflect that.Listening vs. HearingActively listeningInterest and understanding is YOUR responsibilityFollow alongWhen in doubt write it outNot Engaged- don’t let your mind wander, your attn. span can be increased with deliberate effort, listening is a skill that must be developedListening vs. Hearing – listening is active and hearing is passiveActively Listening - Look for the main idea or ideas of the presentation. Facts are important only as they support the speaker's points. Have a question in mind.YOUR Responsibility – not the speaker’s. Learning is up to the learner.Follow Along - Look for the speaker's pattern of organization. In a lecture, a speaker is generally referring to notes or some other source of information. You can understand much better if you are able to recognize what the speaker's driving at and how the speaker's getting there.In doubt- Take notes while you listen. even if you recognize everything being said, jot it down, because you won't remember it later unless you do.
3Ask Questions! 10 bad listening habits Calling The Subject “Dull” Criticizing The SpeakerListening Only For FactsFaking AttentionTolerating DistractionUsing this as an excuse to wander off.Pat attn. to WHAT is said, not HOW it is said. The message is 10x more important than the clothingListen for the main ideas. Use facts as connecting threads. See the whole picture.The pose of chin propped on hand with gaze fixed on speaker does not guarantee good listening. Attention (what it looks like) = it's characterized by a slightly increased heart rate, quicker circulation of the blood, and a small rise in bodily temperature. It's energy consuming; it's plain hard workPoor listeners are easily distracted and may even create disturbances that interfere with their own listening efficiency and that of others. They squirm, talk with their neighbors, or shuffle papers. They make little or no effort to conceal their boredom. Good listeners try to adjust to whatever distractions there are and soon find that they can ignore them. Certainly, they do not distract othersAsk Questions!
4Reasons to Take Notes Notes trigger memories of lecture/reading Your notes are often a source of valuable clues for what information is important (i.e., what will show up on the next test).Notes inscribe information kinestheticallyTaking notes helps you to concentrate in classNotes create a resource for test preparationYour notes often contain information that cannot be found elsewhere (i.e., in your textbook).
5Note-Taking Basics Use Abbreviations Be Brief Translate Organize Write LegiblyDon’t worry about spelling/grammarLeave Extra SpaceLook Back!
6Different Types of Notes CornellREAPOutline FormatWebbing/Mapping
7Cornell Record Reduce Recite Reflect Summary Different parts of the notebook paper have different functions. Notes are recorded on one half, key words and concepts are recorded in another area called the recall column, and a summary is recorded at the bottom of the paper.RecordReduceReciteReflectSummaryAdvantages:OrganizedQuickly identify key words and conceptsEasily used as a study guideEasy to locate information
8Reap Strategy Purposes of the strategy: organize notes make course content more personalClass notes are taken on one side of the paper and the opposite page is used for recording memory triggers and related information.
9REAP STRATEGY Divide Paper (Triggers, REAP, Class Notes) Takes notes only on the right-hand pages.Use short sentences and skip lines between major ideas.Record TriggersTrigger column = record words, phrases, or visual images that will trigger the main idea in the notes section.Fill in this section immediately or shortly after class.Record REAP WordsThe REAP column should also be filled in immediately or shortly after class.In the REAP column, the student writes words or phrases that...Relate the material to his/her own lifeExtend the material outward into the outside worldActualize the material= how information might work in the worldProfit from the ideas - consider how society might profit from the ideas
10OUTLINE FORMAT Information is arranged from general to specific The format may be used while recording notes, or it may be employed when recopying and reorganizing notes.Helps to detect and understand relationships and associations among different pieces of information.
11Outline format Develop a Template Use the main ideas in the lecture/text as headings.The details are filled in during lecture/reading.Arrangement of InformationEach major section of the outline should cover one major topic.Fill in the “levels” with detailsSymbolsCommon symbols: Roman numerals, upper and lower case letters, numbers, circles and squaresShort phrases, symbols, shorthand, and abbreviations may be used to record notes in the outline.Drawings or figures may be incorporated
12Webbing & mapping less conventional methods of organizing information. Notes may be recopied and reorganized into concept maps, spider maps, flow charts, and other formats.
13Try it out! Take out your notes from a class this week. Compare them with the examples given today.Examine where your notes:Are missing infoNeed clarificationAre able/unable to answer the Learning TargetNeed reorganization