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L. 2 Grammar. KO-SO-A-DO Ko = something that is close to the speaker So = something that is close to the listener A= something that is neither close to.

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Presentation on theme: "L. 2 Grammar. KO-SO-A-DO Ko = something that is close to the speaker So = something that is close to the listener A= something that is neither close to."— Presentation transcript:

1 L. 2 Grammar

2 KO-SO-A-DO Ko = something that is close to the speaker So = something that is close to the listener A= something that is neither close to the speaker nor the listener Do = question

3 Kore-Sore-Are-Dore Kore = this thing here Sore= that thing in front of you Are= that one over there Dore = which one?

4 Kore this one

5 Sore that one

6 Are That one over there

7 Dore Which one?

8 Kore-Sore-Are-Dore Kore wa Takeshi-san no pen desu. Sore wa Mearii-san no pen desu. Are wa Suu-san no pen desu. Dore GA Robaato-san no pen desu ka.

9 Kore-Sore-Are-Dore Takeshi-san no pen wakoredesu. Mearii-san no pen wasoredesu. Suu-san no pen waaredesu. Robaato-san no pen waDOREdesu ka.

10 (Thing) wa DORE desu ka. 1.Newspaper 2.Umbrella 3.Computer 4.TV 5.Pen 6.Pencil 7.Japanese book 8.Notebook

11 Kore-Sore Q: Sore wa nan desu ka. A: Kore wa pen desu.

12 Kore-Sore Q: Kore wa nan desu ka. A: Sore wa pen desu.

13 Kono-Sono-Ano-Dono Kono + Noun = this Noun Sono + Noun= that Noun in front of you Ano + Noun = that Noun over there Dono + Noun = which Noun?

14 Kono + Noun Kono pen wa Mearii-san no pen desu. Kono pen wa 50-en desu.

15 Sono + Noun Sono hon wa Suzuki-san no hon desu. Sono hon wa 500-en desu.

16 Ano + Noun Ano kutsu wa Tanaka-san no kutsu desu. Ano kutsu wa en desu.

17 Kono-Sono A: Sono pen wa IKURA desu ka. B: Kono pen wa 50-en desu. A B

18 Kono-Sono A: Kono pen wa IKURA desu ka. B: Sono pen wa 50-en desu. A

19 Koko-Soko-Asoko-Doko Koko = here, this place Soko = there (near you), that place Asoko = over there, that place over there Doko = where?

20 GinkooWAKokodesu. GinkooWASokodesu. GinkooWAAsokodesu. GinkooWADokodesu ka. Koko-Soko-Asoko-Doko

21 ___ wa doko desu ka. 1.Ginkoo 2.Yuubinkyoku 3.Kissaten 4.Resutoran (Restaurant) 5.Toshokan 6.Depaato (Department store) 7.Honya 8.CDya

22 How much? Pen Kore WA 50-en 100-en Desu. Pen Kore WA IKURA desu KA.

23 Who? = DARE Kore wa dare desu ka.

24 “N 1 NO N2” in a WH question Topic Noun Phrase NPrtclN1PrtclN 2 Copula Verb KoreWAMearii-sanNOKasadesu. Topic Noun Phrase NPrtclN1PrtclN 2 Copula Verb Prtcl KoreWADareNOKasadesuKa.

25 TopicComment Noun 1ParticleNoun 2Copula Verb Toyota-sanWADaigakuseiDesu. TopicComment Noun 1ParticleNoun 2Copula Verb Honda-sanMODaigakuseidesu. Sentence # 1 Sentence 2 Particle MO = Also/ as well

26 Affirmative TopicComment NounParticleNounCopula Verb Watashi わたし WA は Nihon-jin にほんじん desu. です。

27 Negative Sentences TopicComment NounParticleNounCopula Verb Mearii-san メアリーさ ん WA は Nihon-jin にほんじ ん Ja arimasen. じゃありませ ん。 Ja nai desu. じゃないです。

28 Question Marker -KA TopicComment Noun 1ParticleNoun 2Copula Verb Sentence Particle Toyota-san とよたさん WA は Daigakusei だいがくせ い desu. です。 KA か。 Is Toyota-san a college student?

29 Negative Answer Noun 1ParticleNoun 2Copula Verb Iie,(Toyota-sanWA)Daigakusei Daigakuinsei Ja arimasen. Ja nai desu. desu. No, (she is) not a college student. No, (she is) a high school student.

30 (Thing) o kudasai. (Thing) o onegaishimasu.


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