Presentation on theme: "L. 2 Grammar. KO-SO-A-DO Ko = something that is close to the speaker So = something that is close to the listener A= something that is neither close to."— Presentation transcript:
L. 2 Grammar
KO-SO-A-DO Ko = something that is close to the speaker So = something that is close to the listener A= something that is neither close to the speaker nor the listener Do = question
Kore-Sore-Are-Dore Kore = this thing here Sore= that thing in front of you Are= that one over there Dore = which one?
Kore this one
Sore that one
Are That one over there
Dore Which one?
Kore-Sore-Are-Dore Kore wa Takeshi-san no pen desu. Sore wa Mearii-san no pen desu. Are wa Suu-san no pen desu. Dore GA Robaato-san no pen desu ka.
Kore-Sore-Are-Dore Takeshi-san no pen wakoredesu. Mearii-san no pen wasoredesu. Suu-san no pen waaredesu. Robaato-san no pen waDOREdesu ka.
(Thing) wa DORE desu ka. 1.Newspaper 2.Umbrella 3.Computer 4.TV 5.Pen 6.Pencil 7.Japanese book 8.Notebook
Kore-Sore Q: Sore wa nan desu ka. A: Kore wa pen desu.
Kore-Sore Q: Kore wa nan desu ka. A: Sore wa pen desu.
Kono-Sono-Ano-Dono Kono + Noun = this Noun Sono + Noun= that Noun in front of you Ano + Noun = that Noun over there Dono + Noun = which Noun?
Kono + Noun Kono pen wa Mearii-san no pen desu. Kono pen wa 50-en desu.
Sono + Noun Sono hon wa Suzuki-san no hon desu. Sono hon wa 500-en desu.
Ano + Noun Ano kutsu wa Tanaka-san no kutsu desu. Ano kutsu wa en desu.
Kono-Sono A: Sono pen wa IKURA desu ka. B: Kono pen wa 50-en desu. A B
Kono-Sono A: Kono pen wa IKURA desu ka. B: Sono pen wa 50-en desu. A
Koko-Soko-Asoko-Doko Koko = here, this place Soko = there (near you), that place Asoko = over there, that place over there Doko = where?
GinkooWAKokodesu. GinkooWASokodesu. GinkooWAAsokodesu. GinkooWADokodesu ka. Koko-Soko-Asoko-Doko
___ wa doko desu ka. 1.Ginkoo 2.Yuubinkyoku 3.Kissaten 4.Resutoran (Restaurant) 5.Toshokan 6.Depaato (Department store) 7.Honya 8.CDya
How much? Pen Kore WA 50-en 100-en Desu. Pen Kore WA IKURA desu KA.
Who? = DARE Kore wa dare desu ka.
“N 1 NO N2” in a WH question Topic Noun Phrase NPrtclN1PrtclN 2 Copula Verb KoreWAMearii-sanNOKasadesu. Topic Noun Phrase NPrtclN1PrtclN 2 Copula Verb Prtcl KoreWADareNOKasadesuKa.
TopicComment Noun 1ParticleNoun 2Copula Verb Toyota-sanWADaigakuseiDesu. TopicComment Noun 1ParticleNoun 2Copula Verb Honda-sanMODaigakuseidesu. Sentence # 1 Sentence 2 Particle MO = Also/ as well