Presentation on theme: "これ それ あれ どれ DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS. DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS? demonstrate (verb): to show; to indicate; to point to A demonstrative pronoun represents a."— Presentation transcript:
これ それ あれ どれ DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS
DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS? demonstrate (verb): to show; to indicate; to point to A demonstrative pronoun represents a thing or things: near in distance or time (this, these) far in distance or time (that, those)
EXAMPLES This tastes good. Have you seen this? These are bad times. Do you like these? That is beautiful. Look at that! Those were the days! Can you see those? This is heavier than that. These are bigger than those.
Do not confuse demonstrative pronouns with demonstrative adjectives. They are identical, but a demonstrative pronoun stands alone, while a demonstrative adjective qualifies a noun. That smells. (demonstrative pronoun) That book is good. (demonstrative adjective + noun)
JAPANESE DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS When you want to talk about things you do not know the name of, you can use such expressions as kore, sore, are, and dore. Kore refers to something close to the speaker; sore refers to something close to the person you’re talking to; are refers to an object that is neither close to the speaker or the listener. Best Way to Remember こそあど
どれ Dore can be used to express “which.” Question words like dore and nani cannot be followed by the particle wa. Instead, they must be followed by the particle ga. どれがあなたのペンですか。 (Which one is your pen?) dore ga anata no pen desu ka.