Presentation on theme: "From Thesis to Rhetorical Argument: Practical Strategies Christine L. Alfano & Alyssa J. OBrien Stanford University Program in Writing & Rhetoric October."— Presentation transcript:
From Thesis to Rhetorical Argument: Practical Strategies Christine L. Alfano & Alyssa J. OBrien Stanford University Program in Writing & Rhetoric October 2010
For this workshop, we will be using material taken from Envision, 3rd edition & from our Website
Composing Arguments Writing about Visuals Class Exercise. Imagine that you are the editor for The State and you want to use this photo for a cover story on American disasters in history. Write a headline and a caption for this photo that brings out your interpretation of the images argument. Share your response and peer review your work with a partner.
Composing Arguments Titles as Arguments
Composing Arguments Comparing Image Choices within Arguments
Developing the Thesis text selection
Developing your thesis Teaching through example
Developing a thesis Comparing examples Thesis #1: Mike Thompsons cartoon is very powerful. Thesis #2: Mike Thompsons drawing shows his opinion about SUVs. Thesis #3: In response to rising gas prices, Mike Thompson draws a powerful editorial cartoon about the relationship between driving SUVs and consuming fossil fuels. Thesis #4: In his 2006 editorial cartoon Aptly Named, Mike Thompson persuasively plays with the term fossil fuel to suggest that SUVs and the wanton consumption of gasoline represent an outdated approached to transportation that needs to recognize its own imminent extinction.
Defining the Thesis Emphasizing process 1.Write down your observations.
Defining the Thesis Emphasizing process 2. Work with your observations to construct a preliminary thesis statement. Both cartoons focus on the contradiction in American border policy.
Defining the Thesis Emphasizing process 3. Refine your argument by asking asking that make your statement less general. How? What contradictions? To what effect? How do I know that?
Defining the Thesis Emphasizing process 4.Revise the preliminary thesis statement to be more specific, perhaps including specific evidence that drives your claim. The cartoons in Figures 1.12 and 1.12 focus on the contradictions in American border policy by showing that on the one hand, the American government wants to keep illegal immigrants out, but on the other hand, economic forces encourage them to enter the U.S. illegally.
Defining the Thesis Emphasizing process 5.Further polish your thesis by refining your language and asking questions about the implications of your working thesis statement. What do you find interesting about this observation? How does it tap into larger social or cultural issues?
Defining the Thesis Emphasizing process 6.Write your working thesis to include a sense of the implications of your claim. This is the So What? of your claim. The political cartoons in Figures 1 and 2 offer a pointed commentary on the recent immigration debate, suggesting ways the official government stance against illegal immigration is undermined by economic forces that tolerate, if not welcome, the entry of undocumented workers into the Unites States.
The Composition Process Developing and Testing Your Thesis
Text = Spoken, Written, Visual Audience = Listener, Reader, Viewer Persona = Speaker, Writer, Creator, Developing the Thesis Rhetorical Approaches To Texts The Rhetorical Situation
Analyzing Texts Rhetorically Developing a Thesis Statement
Pedagogical Practice Developing a Thesis with Rhetoric
A Case Study One Student's Rhetorical Argument
In a recent political cartoon posted by David Kurtzman (see Fig. 1), various rhetorical strategies portray the cartoonists opinion that blame should be limited to one party: the drug cartels. Through the use of color, stereotypes, and the pathos connected with images of death, the cartoonist blames the violent Latin American drug cartels for Mexicos problems and attacks the ethos or legitimacy of the the Mexican government, as represented by the immobile piñata, in its attempts to solve the drug issue. A Case Study One Student's Rhetorical Thesis