Europe covers more than ten millions squares kilometres. It’s the second smallest continent
countries relief climate Nowadays there are fifty different countries. The biggest is Russia. centre and north old mountainsIn the centre and north there are old mountains. centregreat plainIn the centre there’s a great plain. southyoung mountain chains.In the south there are young mountain chains. Atlantic climate along the west coast. Continental climate in the centre and east. Mediterranean climate in the south Polar climate in the far north.
The European Union Created in 1957 but was called the EEC In 1992 the EEC became the European Union. There are twenty-seven member countries today. Spain joined in 1986 Objectives: - improve the economic and social development of the member countries. - Protect the rights of all citizens. The history of the European Union
The European Union UNITED IN DIVERSITY. ITS MOTTO IS UNITED IN DIVERSITY. Each country has to pay money, mainly through taxes, to be a member. Six countries founded EEC: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. The objective was to create a European economic market Later (1973) s ix more countries joined : Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain (1986) and the UK. The EU helps member countries by giving them money for agricultural, educational and cultural projects. The European Central Bank can also help by giving subsidies to aid less developed areas of a member country. A member of the EU can buy goods (high standard) from any other member country and not pay customs duty. The common currency, the Euro, means that isn’t necessary to change money from country to country. Denmark, Sweden and the UK decided not to change their currency to the Euro. A citizen of the European Union has the right: - to find work in any other member country. - To live in democratic freedom
N O R W AY PRIMARY SECTOR SWEDENSWEDEN SECONDARYSECTOR TERTIARY SECTOR Work in Europe olives rice tomatoes wheat cattle coal copper oil Manufactures cars Telecommunications industry tourism
Population in Europe There are over five hundred million inhabitants. It’s the highest population density in the world ( 80 people /km2) Most people live in Central and Western Europe. 75/% live in cities. The natural population growth is very low. The birth rate and death rate are low. It’s an ageing population because the birth and death rate are low and the average life expectancy is about eighty years. The actual population growth is positive because is one of the main destinations for immigrants.