Presentation on theme: "The EU is a supranational organization. Supra is a Latin prefix that means above. The EU government stands above the government of its individual member."— Presentation transcript:
The EU is a supranational organization. Supra is a Latin prefix that means above. The EU government stands above the government of its individual member countries. Because its supranational, the EU has been able to remove barriers that once made traveling between European nations complicated. The EU was thus able to open borders and adopt a new form of common currency: the EURO. Supranational Cooperation means that the European nations are united in certain ways but divided in others.
What forces work for or against supranational cooperation among nations? Essential question: What forces work for or against supranational cooperation among nations?
Europe is a continent made up of different countries and peoples. Throughout Europes history, certain forces have brought its peoples together, while other forces have pulled them apart. Centripetal Centripetal Forces bring people together. Centrifugal Centrifugal Forces pull people apart. The European Union was formed to unite countries that had been torn apart by years of war.
During the 1 st half of the 20 th century, Europe was at war with each other and other nations. In 1914, World War I broke out in Europe and lasted for 4 years, killing some 21 million people. Twenty years later (1939), World War II broke out when Germany invaded Poland. World War II lasted for 6 years and it left a death toll of 50 million people. At the end of the war, Europeans wanted to make sure that another war would never happen again.
In 1950 a French leader named Robert Schuman suggested that a Union of European nations should be formed. In 1952, six countries signed a trade agreement that formed the European Coal and Steel Community the 1st prototype of the EU. Later, this group of countries created a common market for steel and coal products. In a common market the trade barriers, such as tariffs are eliminated. The countries that formed this alliance were Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. In 1958, the same six countries created the European Economic Community (EEC), which then removed trade barriers for all kinds of products, not just steel and coal. Common Market The EEC came to be known as the Common Market. Over the years, more European countries joined the Common Market.
In 1993, 12 Common Market countries formed the European Union (EU). The main goal of the EU is to promote peace and prosperity (that is, economic well-being). The EU works towards this goal by creating jobs, protecting citizens rights, and preserve the environment. It also promotes freedom, security, and justice for its members. By 2012, the EU has 27 member countries with several other countries hoping to join.
Centrifugal force Centrifugal force: a force that divides people and countries. Centripetal force Centripetal force: a force that divides people and countries. Common Market Common Market: a group of countries that acts as a single market, without trade barriers between member countries. Supranational cooperation Supranational cooperation: a form of international cooperation in which countries give up some control of their affairs as they work together to achieve shared goals or goals in common.
Before the EU, each European country had its own rules about who could live or work within its borders. Each country had its own currency (money). Individual countries also charged tariffs or taxes on goods imported from their neighbors, making theses goods more expensive for people to buy. Today, members of the EU work together toward shared economic goals. Many centripetal forces promote such economic cooperation, but centrifugal forces work against unit at the same time.
Elimination of tariffs amongst member countries. Elimination of barriers for people to travel to other member countries to find work. EURO Adoption of a common currency: the EURO (2002). Creation of a powerful trade bloc, that is, a group of countries with greater purchasing world power. Improvement of working conditions and infrastructure within EU countries.
There are economic differences between Western European and Eastern European countries. Western Europeans are wealthier than Eastern ones. To compensate for that Western European countries spend a lot of money on Eastern ones. Many Western Europeans object to such spending. Wages are also lower in Eastern European countries so factories and businesses from the West have moved there to pay the workers lower salaries. Eastern European workers also move to Western countries to find better jobs therefore displacing Western European workers or lowering the minimum wages.
In addition, some EU countries have decided to keep their own currencies, while others have been denied the use of the EURO until they can prove their economies are stable enough. In addition, some EU countries have decided to keep their own currencies, while others have been denied the use of the EURO until they can prove their economies are stable enough.
dividing Greece is the latest example of a member country thats dividing the EU theses days.
supranational The EU does not replace the individual governments of each member country. Instead, the EU government is supranational, that is, it operates above the governments of its members, but all members participate in the EU government. The EU government is made up of different entities: – The European Commission: the executive branch. – The European Parliament: the legislative branch. EU citizens are allowed and encouraged to vote on elections for government officials and on important issues that concern all member countries of the EU. centrifugal On the other hand, centrifugal forces also divide the EU politically by having their members give up some political power in lieu of a supranational one.
United in Diversity EU motto: United in Diversity EU flag: EU anthem: Beethoven's 9 th Symphony (Ode to Joy). The EU works to create a common cultural identity at the same time it recognizes the diversity of the different peoples from the member nations.
The EU is the best example of supranational cooperation in the world today. Centripetal forces work toward such cooperation. Centrifugal forces work against unity. The EU works because its member countries have been willing to give up some powerjust how much power, remains an issue. Some Europeans welcome unity while others dont. Cooperation amongst countries is not limited to Europe, however. A good example of it is NAFTA.