Presentation on theme: "The European Union (EU)"— Presentation transcript:
1The European Union (EU) SS6CG5 The student will explain the structure of modern European governments.b. Describe the purpose of the European Union and the relationship between member nations.
2Vocabulary European Union 2. Euro 3. Tariff 4. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)5. currency6. per capita
3Members of the EU Austria Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Republic DenmarkEstoniaFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceHungaryIrelandItalyLatviaLithuaniaLuxembourgMaltaNetherlandsPolandPortugalRomaniaSlovakiaSloveniaSpainSwedenUnited Kingdom
5What is the purpose of the EU? Its members can work together for advantages that would be out of their reach if each were working alone.When more countries work together, they involve more people, more money, and more land area.This makes smaller countries of the EU more competitive in the world market.
6Comparing the EU and the U.S.A United StatesLand Area (approximate square miles.)1,500,0003,700,000Population (approximate)500,000,000309,000,000Gross Domestic Product (GDP)$14 trillion$13.5 trillionGross Domestic Product per Capita (person)$28,213$43,444
7Currency “money” Most members of the UN use the Euro. The Euro is to the EU as the Dollar is to the USA.What specific advantages do you think members of the EU have by sharing the same currency?
8AdvantagesTrade between the countries become much easier and less expensive.Citizens do not have to exchange currency to spend money in other EU countries.Consumers and businesses can compare prices more readily, which stimulates competition.
9Other Advantages of the EU Improved tradeEducationFarmingIndustryFor example, there are no tariffs between countries in the EU. This make a large free-trade zone.Citizens can live and work in any other UN nation.
10Limitations of the EUThe EU does not handle all the government business for the member countries.Each country makes it own laws, has its own military, and elects its own leaders.Do you think these points are an advantage or disadvantage?
11Vocabulary ReviewAn economic and political grouping of countries in Europe.B. Total value of the goods and services produced by a country in a given time periodC. A fee imposed by the government on imported goods and services.D. The common unit of currency used by most EU countriesE. For each personEuropean Union(EU)tariffgross domestic product (GDPEuroper capita
12QuestionsWhat is the purpose of the European Union?