Presentation on theme: "Laminitis Dr. Charlotte Kin"— Presentation transcript:
1Laminitis Dr. Charlotte Kin Exclusively Equine Veterinary Services, PC.Dave & MaryAnn Crabtree Crabtree Farrier Services
2Dr. Charlotte Kin: Credentials USDF Bronze and Silver MedalistUSDF “L” Judges Program GraduateUSPC “HA” GraduateUSPC National Visiting InstructorFormer Member of NCAA National Champion OSU Equestrian Team
3Dr. Charlotte Kin: Credentials Graduated from OSU College of Vet MedInternship: Rood & Riddle Equine Hospital Lexington, KYResidency in Equine Practice: Oakridge Equine Hospital Edmond, OKOwner of Exclusively Equine Veterinary Services
5What is LAMINITIS? Also referred to as FOUNDER Laminitis=acute inflammationFounder=chronic laminitis
6What is LAMINITIS?Inflammation that leads to disruption of the blood-flow to the sensitive & insensitive laminaDisruption of the attachment mechanism between the sensitive & insensitive laminaLamina attach the coffin bone to the hoof capsule.
7Laminitis: RotationIn the normal position the coffin bone sits parallel to the hoof capsuleRotation occurs when the coffin bone (P3) rotates away from the hoof capsule
9Laminitis: RotationIn severe cases the bone and hoof wall separate and the coffin bone may be displaced downward.
10Laminitis: SinkingIn the most severe cases the coffin bone can sink and penetrate the bottom of the sole.This can lead to sloughing of the hoof capsule.
11What are the signs of LAMINITIS? Lameness especially when turning in circlesShifting weight back and forth.Pain in the toe region when hoof testers are applied.
12What are the signs of LAMINITIS? Saw-horse stance“walking on eggshells”Increased digital pulseHeat in the feet
13What are the signs of LAMINITIS? Reluctant or unable to riseHemorrhage visible on soleSeparation and abscess formation
14What are the signs of LAMINITIS? CHRONIC FOUNDERChronic lamenessRings in hoof capsuleAladdin's shoeChronic abscesses
15What are the signs of LAMINITIS? CHRONIC FOUNDER“seedy toe”-widened white lineDropped soles or flat feetDished hooves
16What are the causes of LAMINITIS? “Grass Founder”“Grain Overload”Abrupt changes in diet
17What are the causes of LAMINITIS? EndotoxemiaHigh fever or illnessSevere colic or diarrhea (colitis)
18What are the causes of LAMINITIS? Retained placenta“Road founder”Injury to another limb causing excessive weight bearing
19What are the causes of LAMINITIS? Prolonged use of steroids (not that kind of steroids)Primary foot diseaseBlack walnut shavings
20What are the causes of LAMINITIS? Previous laminitisEndocrine diseases-CUSHINGS DISEASE.
21What is the treatment for LAMINITIS? GRAIN OVERLOADCALL VET IMMEDIATELYNG tube-pump stomach & administer charcoal or oilAnti-inflammatoriesAnti-endotoxic drugsVasodilators
22What is the treatment for LAMINITIS? Identify & treat primary problemThe sooner the better!Anti-inflammatoriesIV fluids +/- DMSO
23What is the treatment for LAMINITIS? AntibioticsVasodilators-acepromazine, isoxiprineSand or deep beddingPull shoesRadiographs
24What is the treatment for LAMINITIS? Open and drain abscessesFrog supportCoronary groovingDietary restrictions
25What is the treatment for LAMINITIS? Ice legsCOOPERATION BETWEEN VET AND FARRIER!!!!LONG TERM TREATMENTS……
26What is the long term prognosis & maintaince for LAMINITIS? Some horses suffer an acute episode and go on to live normal lives.Most require maintaince treatmentsSome horses are so severe that they are euthanized for humane reasons
27What is the long term prognosis & maintaince for LAMINITIS? Radiographs before shoeing and resetting shoes.Important to have good working relationship with vet and farrier.Dietary restrictions: little or no grass, low carb high fat grain.
28What is the long term prognosis & maintaince for LAMINITIS? Good health maintaince program to prevent other diseases that may induce laminitis.Anti-inflammatory medications-BUTEHoof growth supplement
29How do I prevent LAMINITIS? Keep grain locked up!!Gradually introduce horses to green pasture.Good hoof careGood preventative health care programIf you suspect laminitis call you vet IMMEDIATELY!