Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Use of a Radiograph to Assist with Therapeutic Shoeing and Trimming Debra R. Taylor, DVM, MS, DACVIM Associate Professor Department of Clinical Sciences.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Use of a Radiograph to Assist with Therapeutic Shoeing and Trimming Debra R. Taylor, DVM, MS, DACVIM Associate Professor Department of Clinical Sciences."— Presentation transcript:

1 Use of a Radiograph to Assist with Therapeutic Shoeing and Trimming Debra R. Taylor, DVM, MS, DACVIM Associate Professor Department of Clinical Sciences College of Veterinary Medicine Auburn University

2 Equine Podiatry The specialty dealing with the equine hoof The specialty dealing with the equine hoof the hoof capsule the hoof capsule coronary band coronary band all anatomical structures with in the hoof capsule all anatomical structures with in the hoof capsule all tendons that affect the hoof all tendons that affect the hoof Requires the veterinarian and trimmer or farrier to work together Requires the veterinarian and trimmer or farrier to work together

3 What does the horse need? A veterinarian and a trimmer or farrier team who are willing to work together A veterinarian and a trimmer or farrier team who are willing to work together A team that enjoys podiatry and is committed to doing their best work A team that enjoys podiatry and is committed to doing their best work

4 What does a farrier or trimmer need from the veterinarian? A veterinarian A veterinarian who understands what is healthy and what is not who understands what is healthy and what is not who understands diseases affecting the hoof who understands diseases affecting the hoof who can consistently take an informative radiograph of the foot who can consistently take an informative radiograph of the foot who is willing to work as part of a team who is willing to work as part of a team Take the time to show him the radiographs Take the time to show him the radiographs Pre- and post- trimming or shoeing Pre- and post- trimming or shoeing Learn to speak the same language Learn to speak the same language Many overlapping terms Many overlapping terms

5 “ Quality radiographs are to podiatry what ultrasound is to reproduction” Learning curve Ability to make a positive change Time Without ultrasound or radiographs With ultrasound or radiographs Why do you need a radiograph to monitor shoeing or trimming a horse?

6 Traditional Radiography of the digit Goals To evaluate the proximal and distal interphalangeal joints, integrity of bony structures, and to view radiographic degenerative changes in the foot.

7 Traditional Radiography Beam focused at coronary band Beam focused at coronary band Foot packed Foot packed Ground surface not always demarcated Ground surface not always demarcated Dorsal hoof wall marked with rigid object Dorsal hoof wall marked with rigid object Apex of frog and heels not marked Apex of frog and heels not marked Hoof not always directly against cassette Hoof not always directly against cassette

8 Is this what we are after?

9 Lacks information for the farrier trimmer!

10 Radiographic GOALS Consistent informative films Consistent informative films Take the same view every time Take the same view every time Ability to monitor small changes with accuracy Ability to monitor small changes with accuracy Evaluate the soft tissues of hoof Evaluate the soft tissues of hoof Evaluate P3’s relationship to capsule and ground Evaluate P3’s relationship to capsule and ground Evaluate how the bone and the soft tissues relate to each other Evaluate how the bone and the soft tissues relate to each other How the bone and soft tissue relate to the ground How the bone and soft tissue relate to the ground Learn common parameters of breeds Learn common parameters of breeds What is common is not necessarily healthy What is common is not necessarily healthy Horses have only rarely been bred for hoof quality Horses have only rarely been bred for hoof quality Popular breeds are notorious for poor hoof health Popular breeds are notorious for poor hoof health

11 Radiography for Shoeing and Trimming Center on bottom of P3, not coronary band Center on bottom of P3, not coronary band measure sole depth measure sole depth Palmar/plantar angle Palmar/plantar angle medial to lateral balance of P3 medial to lateral balance of P3 Clearly demarcate (with barium paste) Clearly demarcate (with barium paste) Dorsal hoof wall – care to start paste exactly on hairline Dorsal hoof wall – care to start paste exactly on hairline Lateral heel bulb – care to start paste exactly on hairline Lateral heel bulb – care to start paste exactly on hairline Apex of frog Apex of frog Clearly demarcate ground surface – lead in wooden block Clearly demarcate ground surface – lead in wooden block Hoof touching cassette Hoof touching cassette Heel bulbs parallel to primary beam and perpendicular to cassette Heel bulbs parallel to primary beam and perpendicular to cassette Do not pack the foot Do not pack the foot Measure sole depth Measure sole depth Standardize distance from film to machine Standardize distance from film to machine

12 Methods Center on bottom of P3 Center on bottom of P3 Blocks match machine Blocks match machine metal wire in top metal wire in top Barium paste on dorsal hoof wall Barium paste on dorsal hoof wall Barium on apex of frog Barium on apex of frog Barium on heel Barium on heel

13 Much better Centered bottom of P3 Centered bottom of P3 Dorsal hoof wall marked Dorsal hoof wall marked Ground Surface Marked Ground Surface Marked Not packed Not packed Heel marked Heel marked Apex marked Apex marked Note: -ok that bone is too light, not as worried about boney detail here as relationship of the bone to the soft tissues and ground Note: -ok that bone is too light, not as worried about boney detail here as relationship of the bone to the soft tissues and ground NOTE: Trimmers and farriers appreciate viewing the hoof in the direction it would be if they were looking at the horse, RF point toe to right, LF point toe to left

14 Equine Podiatry Radiology Primary beam is 1 cm off top of blocks Build blocks to match your machine so can Set the machine on the ground and horse Will be in correct positions NOTE: need two blocks So horse is standing level

15 Breakover Breakover

16 Podiatry Radiology Measurements Podiatry Radiology Measurements Breakover - The horizontal distance from the tip P3 to where the hoof “breaks over” or pivots. - 0 – 3.5 cm is ideal, depending on the horse - optimizing breakover -decreases sheer force on P3 and hoof wall -decreases tendon and muscle strain

17 Palmar/plantar Angle

18 Podiatry Radiology Measurements Podiatry Radiology Measurements Palmar Angle -The angle that is formed from the palmar/plantar surface of P3 and the ground ° degrees normal (Adams)

19 Sole Depth

20 Podiatry Radiology Measurements Sole Depth - Soft tissue opacity just distal to the plantar surface of P3 - The sole should be greater than 10mm in depth.

21 Horn: Laminar Zone

22 Podiatry Radiology Measurements Podiatry Radiology Measurements Horn: Laminar Zone - Distance from the dorsal hoofwall to the dorsal surface of P3. - Measured at both the dorsal proximal and dorsal distal ends of the foot. -Should be uniform and < 20 mm

23 CE Zone

24 Podiatry Radiology Measurements CE Zone - The CE Zone is the vertical distance between the Coronary Band and the Extensor Process. -Ideally < 1cm. -Need great care in marking the hairline, because plan to monitor change in this number

25 Cup

26 Podiatry Radiology Measurements Cup -The radiolucent area distal to the sole -Measure to the ground surface -Some horses have none

27 Bone Angle

28 Podiatry Radiology Measurements Bone Angle - Angle formed at the junction of the dorsal and palmar/plantar surface of P3

29 Parameters on a lateral view

30 Evaluation of Lateral View Horn: Laminar Zone Horn: Laminar Zone Should be uniform ( < 20 mm) Should be uniform ( < 20 mm) CE zone - <1 cm CE zone - <1 cm coronary band - extensor process coronary band - extensor process “halo effect”- coronary band invagination “halo effect”- coronary band invagination Sole depth Sole depth mass (> 10 mm) mass (> 10 mm) Cup Cup Black area between sole and ground surface Black area between sole and ground surface

31 Evaluation Lateral View Palmar Angle Palmar Angle Angle formed between palmar surface of P3 and ground Angle formed between palmar surface of P3 and ground The horse wants it positive 3-9 º The horse wants it positive 3-9 º Digital Breakover Digital Breakover distance from the tip of P3 to where hoof breaks forward distance from the tip of P3 to where hoof breaks forward The horse wants it short, maybe even negative? The horse wants it short, maybe even negative? The horse wants it optimized. The horse wants it optimized. Bone Angle Bone Angle angle formed between dorsal and palmar surfaces of P3 angle formed between dorsal and palmar surfaces of P3

32 Horse in a Cast with digital radiography

33 Anterior – Posterior projection Looking for medial lateral balance of P3 Looking for medial lateral balance of P3 Uniformity of joint spaces Uniformity of joint spaces Is the medial and lateral coronary band level Is the medial and lateral coronary band level Evaluate growth rings if use barium Evaluate growth rings if use barium

34 Anterior posterior view

35 Moral TAKE the radiograph the correct way TAKE the radiograph the correct way Evaluate the parameters Evaluate the parameters Use the film to make goals Use the film to make goals Evaluate whether goals were met Evaluate whether goals were met Work together!!!! Work together!!!!


Download ppt "Use of a Radiograph to Assist with Therapeutic Shoeing and Trimming Debra R. Taylor, DVM, MS, DACVIM Associate Professor Department of Clinical Sciences."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google