Presentation on theme: "Leanne S. Hawken, PhD University of Utah Carrie Akins & Lisa Alford"— Presentation transcript:
1Advanced Training on Check In, Check Out: FAQs and High School Implementation Leanne S. Hawken, PhDUniversity of UtahCarrie Akins & Lisa AlfordNorth Point High SchoolWaldorf, MD
2Objectives Describe ways to modify CICO to improve its effectiveness Learn answers to frequently asked questions regarding CICO implementationLearn effective ways to implement CICO in a high school setting
3Student Recommended for BEP/CICO BEP-CICO Implementation Process BEP/CICO ImplementedCICO CoordinatorSummarizes DataFor Decision MakingMorningCheck-in/DPRPick-upParentFeedbackRegular TeacherFeedbackBi-weekly CICO Meetingto Assess StudentProgressStudent recommended for BEP by Teacher, parent, other school personnel?Prior to BEP implementation- meeting with Counselor, parent and studentGo over expectations for each party (parent, school, and student)Set goalSometimes contract is signed (I don’t know if you this was ever used Kelly)3) BEP Implemented4) Morning check-inWhat did you check for? Pencil, binder, agenda, BEP form from day beforeGave students supplies if they did not have them to help them be successfulBEP Daily progress report given (can flip to next slide to show)Teacher FeedbackStudent carries card to teachersTeachers have been trained to provide some sort of positive interaction upon receiving the card-Teachers have also been trained not to use the system as punishment- no naggingAfternoon check-outBEP coordinator checks for goalReinforcement for checking out (High 5)Bigger reinforcement for checking out and meeting goal (snack)Parent FeedbackSend home- student gets feedback from parentStudent brings back form signed the next dayBEP Coordinator Summarizes Data for Decision MakingUsing Quattro pro Spread sheet program- graphs dataWeekly BEP Meeting½ hour to assess progresswho attends meetingdecisions made in meetingAfternoonCheck-outReviseProgramExitProgram
5Referrals to CICO CICO should not be your only Tier 2 intervention 10-15% of population x 900 kids in school = 90 –135 kids who may need intervention.How much assessment/meeting time per referral?FBA or No FBA prior to student receiving CICO?Academic DataMild problem behavior throughout the dayClassroom-based interventionNot dangerous or aggressive behavior
9How much assessment/meeting time per referral? Need to ensure students access intervention quickly (e.g., less than a week if possible)Lengthy assessment should be saved for Tier 3/tertiary level supportNeed to balance number of students who receive intervention with capacityMaximum # of kids that can be served- Guideline15-20 per coordinator –elementary school level20-30 per coordinator – secondary school level
10Collecting Baseline Data Give teacher a packet of 5 baseline DPR forms (colored paper- Not on NCR)Have teacher rate student on the DPR but NOT GIVE STUDENT FEEDBACKDuring baseline – student does not check-in or check-outParental consent is being obtained during baseline
13Check-in Quick – not a counseling session Can be conducted by multiple coordinatorsNeed a data manager using this optionPositive – not rote/repetitiousPrivate locationWhat to do if students don’t check-in
14Teacher Feedback Phrasing “I’m going to give you” v. “you earned.” Each marking period is a teaching momentExamples & non-examples of expected behaviorDPR on teacher’s desk vs. student’s deskTraining on providing corrective feedback
15Check-out Scheduling Increasing efficiency of check-out After school v. last 10 minutes of day?Increasing efficiency of check-outHave students calculate total pointsUse goal calculatorIf possible- stagger students check-outWhat to do if student does not check out?Lottery ticketsIs coordinator reinforcing?
16CICO Goal Calculator My Total Points Today My Score Today 50 100% 49 98%4896%4794%4692%4590%4488%4386%4284%4182%4080%3978%3876%3774%3672%3570%3468%3366%3264%3162%3060%2958%2856%2754%2652%2550%2448%
17Manual on how to Implement the BEP/CICO Crone, Horner, & Hawken (2010). Responding to Problem Behavior in Schools: The Behavior Education Program (2nd ed). New York, NY: Guilford Press
18DVD on how to Implement the BEP Hawken, Pettersson, Mootz, & Anderson (2005). The Behavior Education Program: A Check-in, Check-out Intervention for Students at Risk. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
19Carrie Akins & Lisa Alford North Point High School Waldorf, MD Not Just for Elementary Students! A Comprehensive Model for High School Level Implementation of Check-in/Check-outCarrie Akins & Lisa AlfordNorth Point High SchoolWaldorf, MD
20About North Point High School Suburban community, 30 miles Southeast of Wash. DCOffer Science, Technology, and Industry programs; half to 65% of our population is “zoned”; the others apply for STI programs and are bussed from home areas. Not all students at NPHS are in “STI” programs.Alternating Block Schedule; (A day/B day, most classes meet every other day) each class period 84 minutes.Currently in our 3rd year of our “one hour lunch” initiative.One hour lunch allows for students to both eat as well as participate in clubs, tutoring, and activities during the school day.
21Student Demographics Approximately 2250 students: African American = 56%Caucasian = 34%Asian = 6%Hispanic = 3%Other = Less than 1%Male = 52%Female = 48%
22Tiered Supports History School opened grades 7 through 9 in 2006 – Implemented PBIS at opening.Added Check-in/Check-out (CICO) program in school year.In , began participating in the MDS3 (Maryland Safe and Supportive Schools) grant which added additional Tier 2 supports and fostered the creation of our “Tier 2 Team” structure.In , the Tier 2 Team structure is being fully implemented.
23Chronological History of CICO In School year, we added the “Check & Connect” intervention; Adding in the students participating in C&C, there were 28 students receiving Tier 2 Support. An additional 12 persons were trained to mentor in the C&C program. Currently, we are working to have all potential mentors cross-trained in the two programs.
24Our Referral/Screening Process Before Tier 2 Team ProcessWith Tier 2 Team ProcessMost referrals from Student Support Team (SST)Teachers also able to refer directly, but SST or administrators were primary source of referralBaseline data collectionCollected over period of 2 weeks (5 class periods).Students with baseline over 85% or under 50% not considered eligible for CICO.Emphasis on targeting students with “attention-seeking” behaviors.RFA (Request for Assistance) formRFA coordinator reviews data for student and determines appropriate Tier 2 Intervention, including CICOBaseline data collectionTeachers “estimate” percentage for each area assessed/targeted (materials, on-time, class participation, work completion, respectful behaviors)Emphasis on targeting students with “attention-seeking” behaviors and early intervention; screening for
25Beginning the Intervention Contact with student and invitation to participate:Administrator/CICO Program Lead makes first contactFocus on “real world” concerns of teens: “Feeling better about school,” “Making parents happy,” earned rewards, graduationSigned parent permission letter obtained.Student is paired with a mentor.Administrator/CICO Program Lead facilitates first meeting between mentor and student.Student begins meeting with mentor daily.
26Considerations for Pairing Students with Mentors Individual mentors model (multiple “checkers”)Eliminates stigma of being part of a “big group.”Provides students an important relationship to build upon (sustainable even after student exits the program)Mentors considered based on specific needs of student (such as male vs. female mentor match), “geographical” closeness and ease (location of mentor to student’s locker), or other recommendation or previous connection between mentor and student.
28The CICO Process: How it Works at the High School Level Creating and maintaining buy-in:Rewards planningStudents are actively engaged in the process of goal planning3 Days at 75% (or 15% increase over baseline, whichever is lower)Continue in 3 day increments of achievement until student is at 75%5 Days at 80%10 Days at 85%15 Days at 85%Allocated budget per student is $35Success: early and often – Daily rewards (“Eagle Bucks”) just for seeing the mentor in the morning or afternoonFocus on improvement over baselineInvolving students in their own data disaggregation
29Exiting the ProgramAfter 6-10 weeks of success in the program (improvement over baseline to sustained 80-85%), we “step down” from the daily regimen.The student begins a 3-4 week “weekly check” process of meeting with the mentor.After 3-4 weeks of successful weekly checks, the student is fully exited. Student data (grades, behavior referrals) continue to be monitored through the remainder of the school year.If student shows signs of decrease in grades or increase in referrals, the student can be quickly restarted on the daily check process.
31Data TrackingThis is an example of a “successful CICO” student. Baseline is established through teacher feedback before student begins the program. Rewards and tracking are matched to improvement over baseline. Emphasis to the student is placed on “we don’t expect perfection, only improvement.” This particular student shows a gap where s/he was exited and then later re-started on the daily check-in process.
32Data LessonsStudents frequently “DIP” after two-three weeks: we have found this is a very common occurrence. We have worked to train mentors to anticipate “the dip” and work on added encouragement preemptively. Additionally, in the example given, we found with the amount of inconsistency that this particular student warranted a referral to the IEP team. In this case, the student ultimately qualified for Special Education services. The CICO data proved to be helpful in matching student to services that were critical to his success. This student is currently a senior and will graduate this school year.
33Continued Mentor Responsibilities Daily monitoring and encouragementStressed importance on “checking out” on a bad dayParent communicationCommunication with student’s teachersAssisting students in self-advocating and improving their own behaviorsPlanning for and obtaining rewards for studentData tracking and inputUnderstanding of ethical aspects of mentor to student relationshipMentoring vs. “friend” or “parent” roleAssistance with frequent fidelity checks of program
34Frequent Fidelity Checks of Program Monthly meetings are held in order to discuss progress of students in the program, obstacles, and ongoing issues:Teacher training (non-implementing teachers)Student buy-inParent participationLook at both individual progress as well as aggregate progress of all students in the program.Determination of students who need to be advanced to Tier 3 (SST/IEP) supports or referred to additional or different Tier 2 programs (such as Check & Connect)
35Working with the Teachers All staff members are trained in concepts of Check-in/Check-outStress on providing daily positive feedback to the student – the most important role of the classroom teacherTeacher guide (handout)Ongoing staff trainingMentor/Program Lead specifically work with teachers as neededAdmin involvement when needed
36Snapshot of a CICO Mentor’s Experience: Lisa’s Story With “Nicole” it started off a little rough. I had to gain her trust to where she would want to come and see me in the mornings and afternoons, even though it was only for a brief moment. At the time she started, she was in the 10th grade and was going through a dramatic experience at home. Once she realized that she could trust me, she began to come and see me on a regular basis, even at lunch time. It was clear that being part of the program helped give her attention that she was lacking and desperately seeking. Over time, “Nicole” started to enjoy the accountability that being in the program provided her. She was never very interested in the rewards – for her, it was more about the connection as well as the accountability of the check sheet. Because of the accountability she started to excel in her classes. Once she started to see for herself that she could do it and be successful, she really soared. Before long, she had obtained a quarterly GPA of 3.8. We eventually officially exited “Nicole” from the program. In the next school year, when she felt herself start to slip back to some old habits, she asked to come to be accountable again and we did.
37Keys to Success Well-trained and willing mentors Identifying the RIGHT students for the intervention“Attention-seeking” studentsEarly identification/interventionCreating and maintaining student buy-inAttention to “stigma” created by being “different.”Emphasizing student’s small successes to create intrinsic motivationParental InvolvementMentors/coordinators must help to ensure that parents are participating on the home front as much as possible.Whole staff trainingTeachers must understand the mindset of our CICO studentsMentors/coordinators must monitor that teachers are providing thoughtful, accurate feedback
38Measures of SuccessIn the School Year, we did a data analysis of students who were identified for participation in CICO:22 Students were screened for CICO in SY :6 participated for greater than 10 weeks (one marking period)7 participated for 6-10 weeks and were moved to periodic monitoring (rather than daily monitoring).2 were moved from CICO to a different interventionTotal of 15 students who actively, fully participated in the interventionOf the 9 students who did not fully participate in CICO for SY :50% pass rate of classes overallMedian number of classes failed for the year was 5 of 8 classes. Of the 15 who participated , the students had78% pass rate of classes overallMedian number of classes failed for the year was one of 8 classes.
39Please Contact Us for More Info Carrie Akins, Vice Principal, Tier 2 Interventions CoordinatorLisa Alford, CICO Program LeadLeanne Hawken