10 Plasmids Bacteria Extra-chromosomal DNA multiple copy number coding - pathogenesis factors- antibiotic resistance factorsbacterial replication
11 The Cell EnvelopeGram StainGram PositiveGram Negative
12 Oxidative phosphorylation occurs at cell membrane (since there are no mitochondria).Cell WallCytoplasmCell membraneThe cell wall is outside of cell membranerigid, protecting cell from osmotic lysis.
17 FLAGELLA Some bacteria are motile Locomotory organelles- flagella Taste environmentRespond to food/poisonchemotaxis
18 Flagellaembedded in cell membraneproject as strandFlagellin (protein) subunitsmove cell by propeller like action
19 Axial filaments spirochetes similar function to flagella run lengthwise along cellsnake-like movement
20 Making Wall-less Forms Result from action of:enzymes lytic for cell wallantibiotics inhibiting peptidoglycan biosynthesisUsually non-viableWall-less bacteria that don’t replicate:spheroplasts (with outer membrane)protoplasts (no outer membrane).Wall-less bacteria that replicateL forms