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Supreme Court Cases You Need to Know GPS Standards: SSCG16 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the operation of the federal judiciary. Explain the.

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Presentation on theme: "Supreme Court Cases You Need to Know GPS Standards: SSCG16 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the operation of the federal judiciary. Explain the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Supreme Court Cases You Need to Know GPS Standards: SSCG16 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the operation of the federal judiciary. Explain the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, federal courts, and the state courts. Examine how John Marshall established the Supreme Court as an independent, coequal branch of government through his opinions in Marbury v. Madison (judicial review). Describe how the Supreme Court decides cases. Compare the philosophies of judicial activism and judicial restraint.

2 Cases Marbury vs. Madison – Judicial Review (all federal and state courts) Marbury vs. Madison Gibbons vs. Ogden – National Government takes precedence over state laws Gibbons vs. Ogden

3 Cases Dred Scott vs. Sanford – Living in a free state doesn’t make a slave free Dred Scott vs. Sanford Ex Parte Milligan – President has the power to suspend habeas corpus during wartime (jailing people without telling them why) Ex Parte Milligan Plessy vs. Ferguson – separate but Plessy vs. Ferguson equal was ok

4 Cases Schenck vs. United States – government can pass sedition laws during wartime. Clear and Present danger for limiting speech Schenck vs. United States Brown vs. Board of Education – Overturned Plessy vs. Ferguson Brown vs. Board of Education

5 Cases Mapp vs. Ohio – exclusionary rule – evidence gained in an illegal search cannot be used at trial Mapp vs. Ohio Baker vs. Carr – Established one man, one vote rule Baker vs. Carr Engel vs. Vitale – prohibited prayer in public schools Engel vs. Vitale

6 Cases Escobedo vs. Illinois – confession not admissible if defendant asks for an attorney and is denied one. Escobedo vs. Illinois Miranda vs. Arizona – establishes the rights of the accused Miranda vs. Arizona

7 Cases Roe vs. Wade – made abortions legal in the first trimester Roe vs. Wade Gideon vs. Wainwright – defendant must be given a public defender if defendant can’t afford an attorney Gideon vs. Wainwright

8 Cases New Jersey vs. T.L.O. – set up the “reasonable suspicion” clause for schools vs. the “probable cause” for the normal workplace New Jersey vs. T.L.O Regents of University of California vs. Bakke – case involving reverse discrimination Regents of University of California vs. Bakke Katz vs. United States – Police must obtain search warrant for wiretapping or electronic surveillance devices Katz vs. United States

9 Essential Question????? Judicial review protects and extends constitutional rights. How have court decisions defined the Constitution and the civil liberties of American citizens? (CG16b, d)

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