2Nominating Candidates This is the most important role of political partiesStep 1 when running for officeDeclare you are a candidate for the office3 ways to be nominatedself-nominationWrite in candidate – ask people write your name on the ballotChosen by delegates at conventions – local, state, and national
3Nominating Candidates CaucusSome states select candidates and/or delegates to the conventions at a caucusLocal or state party leaders meet to discuss issues and choose the candidatesThis used to be secret meetings, but now they are open meetings
4Nominating Candidates PrimariesMost state and federal offices are now chosen in direct primariesThe winning candidate in this election is now the candidate of the party for that particular office2 types of direct primaryClosed - only registered members of the party choose the candidatesOpen – voters do not need to declare a party before voting, but can only vote in one parties primary
6Choosing Presidential Candidates Who can run?Over 35 years oldThese are the only requirements in the ConstitutionBorn in the U.S.Be well knownExperience in governmentbe able to raise moneyRealistically
7Choosing Presidential Candidates Paying for the primary campaignCandidates raise most of their own moneyIndividuals are limited as to how much they can contribute - $2,000Federal government will match the donationsWhy should (or shouldn’t) our tax dollars be spent on this?
8Choosing Presidential Candidates Choosing DelegatesIn the primaries voters either vote for the candidate herself or a delegate who supports that candidateIn caucus through discussion and voting by raising of handsThe whole process starts in Jan. of election yearAlthough the candidates start visiting the early states of IA (caucus) and NH (primary)even earlier and FL oops!
9Choosing Presidential Candidates National ConventionsHeld during presidential election yearsVote on nominationsUsually this is already decidedDecide on the party platformListen to speechesThis begins the campaign season