Presentation on theme: "INFRASTRUCTURE CONNECTIVITY U Aung Khin Myint Chairman,"— Presentation transcript:
1INFRASTRUCTURE CONNECTIVITY U Aung Khin Myint Chairman, Myanmar International Freight Forwarders Association(MIFFA)Good afternoon ladies and gentleman,Thank you for coming and allow me to panelist for this infrastructure sector.My name is Aung khin myint and I am from Myanmar.
2Presentation Flow Reviewing Trade Figures of EU-ASEAN Infrastructures & ConnectivityImmense Linkages to be utilizedI like U to focus more on Connectivity but I also like U to distribute the reviewing Trade Figures of EU-Asean,And to show how the connectivity is important.Basically I have very clear vision important for connectivity is all about.and I going to quick review of immense linkages to be utilizedand than the conclusion.Conclusion
3Reviewing Trade Figures of EU-ASEAN Balance of TradeFirst of all when we start reviewing Trade Figures of EU-ASEAN, Balance of trade, which is very obvious for the last 3 years ASEAN trade balance is always positive ASEAN imports to the EU is increasing marginally.what will the figures be like when CLMV countries large growth inertia kick in.For the last 3 years ASEAN trade balance is always positiveASEAN imports to the EU is inceasing marginally.what will the figures be like when CLMV countries large growth inertia kick in.
4Reviewing Trade Figures of EU-ASEAN By Product TypeOtherProductsAgricultural ProductsChemicalsTextiles &ClothingFuels &Mining productsMachinery & TransportEquipmentWhen we look at this figures what we see is More activities in Agricultural product and then more activities in Machinery and transport equipment and textiles and clothing.
5Reviewing Trade Figures of EU-ASEAN InvestmentsRegarding Investment, what I found very interesting is - EU invested in ASEAN in 2007 and 2008 is great but we can see is reduce because of Global economic finance problem.
6Reviewing Trade Figures of EU-ASEAN EU TRADE WITH MAIN PARTNERS (2010)ASEAN'S TRADE WITH MAIN PARTNERS (2009)In this slide, if u look at EU trade with Main partners 2010 , it is about 20% of trade is goes to ASEAN.But when U look at the ASEAN side, U can see China is a Number one partner.to be honest, we are ASEAN people and speaks on behalf of my ASEAN friends we want EU to be Number ONE.Look at the different, very little. It is 2% different only.That is why , please U need to invest in ASEAN at infrastructure sector.+20% of Trade is in the area of ASEANEU27 is very close as THE trade partnerSource: IMF (DoTS)
7Foreign direct investment statistics : Foreign Direct Investments in ASEAN by Host Country,For Myanmar,Myanmar has comparatively low FDI in ASEAN member states.Myanmar took 3rd last position in the accumulated amount from 1995 to 2008.Myanmar took only 2.1% of the total FDI by host country from ASEAN as a whole in the period of , but decreased to 1.1% of it inIn the near future, more investment from EU countries would like to welcome expected from Myanmar especially in infrastructure development.Foreign Direct Investments in ASEAN by Host Country,
8Infrastructures & Connectivity Businesses Needs New MarketsNew Markets are only accessible if there is sufficient WORKING infrastructuresBUT what are the new Markets that needs to be connected.This is another topic infrastructure and connectivity.Businesses needs new Markets.New Markets are only accessible if there is sufficient WORKING infrastructuresBUT what are the new Markets that needs to be connected.
9Reviewing Myanmar Strategic Potential China1,330MilChina$8,789 BlnIndia1,173 MilIndia$3,560 BlnBangladesh156 MilBangladesh$242 Bil54 MillionLaos 7 Mil$57.5BlnLaos $15 BilThailand$540 BilThailand67 MilLook at the Myanmar. Total population of Myanmar border is about 2.7 billion people, which is 40% of world population.I terms of GDP, we border 12 Trillion Dollars. Which is nearly 25% of World GDP.Total People2,730 MillionTotal GDP(ppp)US$12,559 Billion
10Reviewing Trade Figures of ASEAN’s Neighbors I like to show my ASEAN friends, the volume of trade around the Myanmar in the Year of 2010.It is Over 100 Billion.If we go all these amount of cargo flow are able to go through Myanmar, U can make it 2% or 3% CAN SAVE.But NO NEED THAT. Right?But what about the TIME factor.By the way, I am Ship Captain and I wasted so many years of my life go through Malaka strait.And I am a Freight Forwarder too. Most important things for us is TIME factor.I will present later about Dewai deep sea project.Over US$ 100 Billion in 2010
11GMS Economic Corridors North-South Economic Corridor (1)North-South Economic Corridor (2)GMS Economic CorridorsEast-West Economic CorridorAs a mention early, NEW market about the CLMV country, This is how ADB sees the future…..Southern Economic Corridor (2)Southern Economic Corridor (1)
12Review LinkagesTaking this opportunity, Allow me to present, Myanmar in ASEAN infrastructure development aspect.Myanmar became a full fledged member of ASEAN on 23rd July Myanmar has played an active part in ASEAN and regional affairs.Myanmar government has tried to build the infrastructure of the nation with its own strength.Under the military government, there were so many political challenges both internal and external relations.Nowadays, Myanmar's elected government body and the union-level new leadership took over the power from the military government recently.So that, the three powers - executive, legislative and judicial powers - to respective stake holders of different levels of the new government and it has been the time for calling for national reconsolidation to build a modernized nation.As new government well recognized that infrastructure development takes the first phase to rebuild the nation, president and new government team put continuous action on the infrastructure development especially on transport, ICT and energy sectors.For Road transport sector, Myanmar involved in ASEAN highway projects with AH1, AH2 and AH14. ASEAN Highway Network Project is a critical infrastructural support facility necessary for the greater and closer integration of the ASEAN region, as well as in the facilitation of regional trade, investment and tourism opportunities.ASEAN highways are not only the core path to connect the members nations but the essential transits route for Asian and neighboring countries.Government built main trunk line highway road and gave favor to private sector to invest in the road infrastructure development.
13Immense LinkagesFor Rail transport sector, Singapore Kunming Rail Link (SKRL) flagship project was proposed at the Fifth ASEAN Summit in December 1995 and targeted for completion by 2015.
14GMS –Economic Corridors East West Economic CorridorDaweiSouthern Economic CorridorFor Maritime transport, 2010 has been become as turning point to change the history of the maritime in Myanmar especially in port industry.In that year, Myanmar government allowed bigger penetration of private sector investment in port sector and there were two huge deep sea port and related projects has been launched in the area of Dawei and Kyaukphu, at the costal line of Myanmar.
15In the scope of the Development of Dawei Deep Sea Port, Industrial Estate and Road & Rail Link to Thailand, there have building a deep seaport, industrial zone and road and rail link to Thailand.
16GMS –Economic Corridors East West Economic CorridorDaweiSouthern Economic CorridorThe Dawei Project is sitting on strategic location along Tanintharyi coast of Myanmar. The Project will provide a competitive advantage as a communication link with direct access from GMS countries and China to the Andaman Sea and India Ocean for the transportation of good and commodities.The Project will serve as a new commercial gateway providing an alternative sea route to India, China, Middle East, Europe and Africa.That can lessen the dependence on the congested Straits of Malacca and reduce transportation and logistics costs as well.
17Road conectivityroad & toll high way and rail road will also be developed to connect Project site to Thailand as a crucial economic corridor for Myanmar, Thailand and for the region as well.The distance between Dawei Project to Myanmar-Thai border is about 160 Km and Dawei Project to Bangkok is only about 350km
18Expected Demand of Dawei Deep Sea Port Steel industry will be supported by the bulk port, requiring throughput of ion ore, coal, other material, and will export its own finished products. 40 MT/YearAgriculture: Rice, sugar, corn, tapioca, other grain, etc. 5 MT/YearCoal-fired power plant: Import coal. 25MT/YearContainer cargo: 3.2 million TEU/ Year, equivalent to 45 MT/Year Ton/TEU)General & Container Cargo: 50 MT/YearLiquid cargo: For Chemical and Petrochemical. 35 MT/YearSPM for crude: 36 MT/Year 18 MT/year/SPM x 2)The Dawei Project will be involved very huge amount of investment and comprised various types of industries & business activities such as:-Deep sea port,Ship Yard,Petro-Chemical Complex,Oil Refinery Plant,Steel Mill,Fertilizer Plant,Power Plant,Road and Rail Link to Thailand and Oil and Gas Pipeline and so on.With regard to project phasing plan, Dawei Project will be developed by three phases.In connection with total investment cost based on initial calculation, for the basic infrastructure and supporting facilities, estimate the investment is expected to be US$ 8.6 billion.The possibility of total throughput is quite huge, thus ITD designed the Port capacity to handle up to 200 MT/Year
19Opportunities to the integration process of the ASEAN and the EU markets Increasing trade volumeEasing the flow of goodsCreate opportunity to invest in transportation infrastructureImprove logistic infrastructureEasily access of raw materials from sourcesIncrease advanced technologies for developing countriesIncrease more job opportunities for people among countriesLead business growth for logistic firms and economic growth for countriesCountries have more opportunities to establish new markets, if ASEAN and EU cooperatedThese are Opportunities to the integration process of the ASEAN and the EU markets.
20Challenges to the integration process of the ASEAN and the EU markets Handling more cargo volumeTransportation links between countries (air, sea, land)Documentation processes of cargo transportationCommunication infrastructure among countriesVisa processes for both ASEAN and EU nationalsCultural barriersVarious currencies among countriesRequire adjustments in national laws and agreements, which needs cooperation between public and private sectors of two regionsThese are Challenges to the integration process of the ASEAN and the EU markets.
21ConclusionMyanmars’ stratgic position for ASEAN will give the region a more prosporous linkage to the major forthcoming economic powers of the world.The EU could be ASEAN major trading partner.The EU has proven its desire to invest in ASEAN with increasing share of outbound stock.EU businesses are already established in ASEAN. Further investment by EU is needed especially in INFRASTRUCTURE to realize the potential benefits of connectivity to developing markets.Myanmar will be the hub to this connectivity and must be regarded as an ASEAN regional market.