Presentation on theme: "I am because we are and therefore we are because I am. (Asante Proverb) Black Psychology."— Presentation transcript:
1I am because we are and therefore we are because I am. (Asante Proverb) Black Psychology
2What Shall We Say? Black Psychology African Psychology Africentric PsychologyAfrocentric PsychologyAfrican American Psychology
3Psychology of African Americans Black (African) PsychologySystem of knowledge concerning the nature of the universe from an African perspective (Baldwin, 1986 as cited in Belgrave and Allison).Africentric (Afrocentric) PsychologyFocuses on defining African psychology experiences from an African perspective (Grills, 2004 as cited in Belgrave and Allison)
4Psychology of African Americans African American PsychologyPro-BlackStudy Blacks in the United States without using African structure to interpret those experiencesPro-AfricanAfrican philosophies are central to studying African Americans and their experiences.
5The Journey Cecil Sumner, Ph.D Father of Black PsychologyFirst African American earn Ph.D (1920)Kenneth Clark and Mamie Clark (1939, 1940s, 1950s)Association of Black Psychologists (ABPsi)Modern Era (1968)
6More Traveled RoadsJoseph White (1970, 1972). Toward a Black PsychologyReginald Jones (1972). Black PsychologyWilliam Cross (1978). “nigrescence’ modelWade Nobles (1980). writings on African philosophyJoseph Baldwin (1985) African Self-Consciousness ScaleNA’IM AKBAR (1991) . Effects of oppressionDAUDI AJANI YA AZIBO (1996) system of diagnosing
7Wood may remain ten years in the water, but it will never become a crocodile. (Zairian proverb) Not White! Black!
8DIFFERENT And That’s All! Historical Themes in Psychological Research (Parham,White, and Ajamu, 2000)Inferiority—Blacks are intellectually, physically, and mentally inferior to whitesDeficit-Deficiency—Blacks are deficient respect to intelligence, cognitive styles, family structureMulti-cultural—all cultural distinct groups have strengths and limitations.
9Ghetto-centricismFailure of traditional and general psychology to provide a full and accurate picture of Black reality. (Parham, White, and Ajamu, 2000)Normative standards developed by analyzing working-class, ghetto-dwelling Black people (Akbar, 1981 as cited in Belgrave and Allison, 2006)Biases generated against Blacks who do not fit the stereotype.
10One Course of ActionBlack psychologists are making attempts to establish a normative standard of appropriate and inappropriate behaviors using an Afrocentric framework.Humphries, Parker, and Jagers (2000)Woods and Jagers (2004)
11Methodological Issues Low number of African American PsychologistDesignExperimental often favoredInterviewing and observations more appropriateSelf-knowledgeConstructs being measuredSelf-esteemCollective rather than individualisticFamilydefinition
12Afro and Euro Opposites Culturally different Worldviews SelfFeelingsSurvivalLanguageTimeUniverseDeathWorthFamily
13The ruin of a nation begins in the homes of its people The ruin of a nation begins in the homes of its people. (Ashanti proverb)The foundation of an authentic Black psychology is found in the Black family (White,1972 as cited in Belgrave and Allison)
14African American Families “The Black family has ended up as the most maligned, unappreciated, and least understood of American institutions” (Lincoln, 1978, p. 489).
15African American Family Structure and Function EnslavementHarsh conditions of slaveryMother-child relationship not husband-wifePermanent union not possibleReconstructionIncrease 2 parent familiesMigrationUrbanization and single-parent homes
16African American Families beyond Extended and Nuclear (Billingsley, 1968) Nuclear-IncipientNuclear-SimpleNuclear-AttenuatedExtended-IncipientExtend-SimpleExtended-AttenuatedAugmented-IncipientAugmented-Incipient-ExtendedAugmented-NuclearAugmented-Nuclear-ExtendedAugmented-AttenuatedAugmented-Attenuated -Extended
17African American Males StudLacked emotional maturityConfused identityIrresponsibleMissingThe most shameful chapters in America as a Christian nation is the systematic exploitation of the Black male as a domestic animal and denying him the status of being a responsible father (Erikson, 1968).
18African American Women BreederDominantExtended self-worthDevalued African American menStrong Black Women (SBW)The multiple roles assumed by Black women has been out of necessity (Lincoln, 1978)
19African American Families Methodological Issues Historical, cultural, social, economic, political factors, and institutional practicesLack of longitudinal studiesOversampling of low income families
20Why Study Black Psychology? Knowledge kept to oneself is as useless as candle burning in a pot. (Oromo proverb)Why Study Black Psychology?
21Bringing It Home To DTCC Diverse population of students from African descent.Within group differences of African students.Between group differences between African students and African-American students.Understanding culturally different world views of self, time, and language may help to promote positive student outcomes.
22The list could go on and on, but let us stop here. See you next time.
23List of SourcesBelgrave, F. Z. and Allison, K. W. (2006). African American psychology: From Africa to America. London: Sage Publications.Billingsley, A. (1968). Black Families in White America. Englwood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Erikson, E. H. (1968). Identity youth and crisis.NY: W. W. Norton and Company.Humphries, M. L., Parker, B. L., and Jagers, R. J. (2000). Predictors of moral reasoning among African American children: A preliminary study. Journal of Black Psychology. 26(1),Lincoln, C. E. (1978). Black family, the black church, and the transformation of values. Religion in Life. 47, Psychology. 26(1),Parham, T. A., White, J. L, and Ajamu, A. (2000). The psychology of blacks: An African center perspective. (3rd ed.). NJ: Prentice-Hall Publishers.Woods, L. N. and Jagers, R. J. (2003). Are cultural values predictors of moral reasoning in African American adolescents? Journal of Black Psychology. 29(1),