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Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall1 Chapter Eight Participative Management and Leading.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall1 Chapter Eight Participative Management and Leading."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall1 Chapter Eight Participative Management and Leading Teams

2 Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall2 Learning Objectives  Understand when and why participation should be used  Explain the role of culture in the use of participative leadership  Specify the elements of effective delegation  Clarify the role of leadership in self- managed teams  Explain the principles of self-leadership

3 Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall3 The Continuum of Participation Occasional use of teams and employee participation Traditional organization Team-based organization Organizational Structure Management Control High management Control – No employee Participation Total delegation High employee Participation

4 Methods of Participation and Results Methods –Information sharing –Group decision making –Use of teams –Empowerment –Profit sharing –Stock-option plans Results –Clear positive impact on performance, profitability, competitiveness, employee sat Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall4

5 5 Criteria for Use of Participation  When the task is complex and quality is important  When follower commitment is needed  When there is time  When the leader and follower are ready  When the leader and followers can easily interact

6 Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall6 Benefits of Participation  Development of followers  Better decision on complex tasks  Increase in follower motivation and commitment  Opportunity to empower followers

7 Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall7Delegation  Continuum: From giving a task to employee to accomplish to resembling participative management  Benefits  Time and stress mgt tool for managers  Employee development  Increase sub. mot. and satis

8 Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall8 Guidelines for Good Delegation  Delegate pleasant and unpleasant tasks  Clarify goals and expectations  Delegate authority along with responsibility  Provide support  Monitor and provide feedback  Delegate to different followers

9 Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall9 Excuses for Not Delegating My followers are not ready They do not not have the skills I am uncomfortable delegating my tasks I can do the job quicker myself My followers are too busy I am responsible for my followers mistakes My own manager may think I am not working hard enough

10 Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall10 Characteristics of Teams  Members are fully committed to common goals they develop  Members are mutually accountable to one another  Members trust one another  Collaborative culture  Shared leadership based on facilitation  Synergy (as team achieve more than each individual)

11 Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall11 Self-Managed Teams  Power to manage their own work  Members with different expertise and experience  No outside manager and power to implement team decisions  Coordination with other teams  Internal leadership based on facilitation

12 Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall12 Building Trust Trust Competence and hard work Reward cooperation Mutual respect and support Fairness and equity Integrity Open communication

13 Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall13 Elements of Self-Leadership  SL: process of leading people to lead themselves  Developing positive and motivating thought patterns  Personal goal setting  Observation and self-evaluation  Self-reinforcement control and monitoring

14 Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall14 Team Leadership Roles Counsel and encourage team members Help team define its goals and tasks Help team develop implementation plan Manage conflicts and relationships Observe from a distance Clarify the team’s boundaries Obtain necessary training Continue to do real work Assess team skills

15 Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall15 Leadership Challenge oFocus on guidelines for delegation oListen to feedback, even if unpleasant oTasks should be spread among followers oDelegation to different people provides opportunity to develop followers and observe performance oVolunteers are highly valuable; they have the motivation to do the task

16 Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall16 Leading Change: Anne Sweeney  Focus on giving her team credit  Passion for innovation  Enjoys new tasks  Find the right people and give them room  Hands-off manager

17 Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall17 Leadership in Action: John Mackey  Entirely team-based organization  Empower employees  Profit and gain-sharing  “Declaration of interdependence”  Employee happiness  Continuous learning  Internal promotions

18 Chapter 8 Participative Management Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall18 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Printed in the United States of America. Copyright ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall


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