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NEWLINK Technical Training Cabling Systems NEWLINK Copyrights 2003 J1.

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Presentation on theme: "NEWLINK Technical Training Cabling Systems NEWLINK Copyrights 2003 J1."— Presentation transcript:

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2 NEWLINK Technical Training Cabling Systems NEWLINK Copyrights 2003 J1

3 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Objetive Prepare participants to take the Certified Installer Test Introduce concepts and requirements in Wireless Installations Authorize Certified Installers for NEWMAX Warranty Program Cabling Systems NEWLINK

4 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Benefits Get free technical support for your projects Get NEWMAX Warranty for your jobs Receive updates and news from our Industry Receive Sales Leads contacts in your Area Cabling Systems NEWLINK As a NEWMAX CERTIFIED INSTALLER receive the benefits of our team of professionals

5 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Cabling Systems NEWLINK Contents Telecommunications Basics Physical Media : Copper, Fiber Optics Standards reviews TIA/EIA 568, 569, 606 Testing Procedures for UTP and Fiber Optics Wireless Networks Guidelines Practice with NEWLINK products NEWLINK Certification Test

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7 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Cabling Systems NEWLINK For the End-user Good installation practice endorsement Simplified Effective Troubleshooting Organized network makes Moves & Changes easier For the IT management Defined life-cycle investment Fullfillment of international standards Follows globally used technology trends for future applications Quality assurance, based on 100% circuits testing For the Certified Installer Well trained personnel saves money NEWMAX 25-years Warranty gives ADDED VALUE Importance of Certified Jobs

8 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Schedule DAY 1 Introduction to Networking Standard TIA/EIA 568 Summary Testing UTP and Fiber Installations Standards 569 and 606 Summary DAY 2 Fiber Termination Laboratory Wireless Technology Seminar Test Cabling Systems NEWLINK

9 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Introduction to Networking

10 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Telecommunications Evolution Electricity Based Telecommunications 1844Samuel Morse : Telegraph and Morse Code 1860Thomas A. Edison : Printing Telegraph 1876Alexander G. Bell : Telephone, starts the Bell Company 1889Almon B. Strowger : Dialer Telephone 1890 Herman Hollerith : Punched Cards for Computing 1905Emile Baudot : Teletype (TTY) and Baudot Code 1911Guillermo Marconi : Radiotelegraphy 1948 Bell Labs : Invention of the Transistor

11 Cabling Systems NEWLINK 1950 First Computers 1960First Modems and Fiber Optics experiences 1962Time Sharing concept development 1966Standard Codes ASCII... UNICODE, IBM EBCDIC 1969EIA RS-232C (recommended standard) 1972 First commercial VDTs 1977 Telephony equipment multivendor aperture through FCC Part First PCs 1983PC/AT Arquitecture, first IBM clones and MS-DOS 1984Break Out of Telephony monopoly in USA 1985First Telecommunication Cabling Standards 1990Internet Telecommunications Evolution

12 Cabling Systems NEWLINK 1991CAT Mhz 1994CAT 4 – 1995 First WLANs 1997CAT Mhz 1998NEWLINK USA 1999 Vo/IP Apllications 2000CAT 5E Mhz enhanced 2002CAT Mhz 2003 Fiber Optics Enhanced for 10 Giga Currently a Task Force Group is working in the development of a 10Gigabit Ethernet over Copper (P802.an) standard expected by the end of Telecommunications Evolution

13 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Telecomm DATAVOICE IMAGES SIGNALS The Early Evolution was isolated…

14 Cabling Systems NEWLINK DATAVOICE IMAGES SIGNALS Then Interacting… Digital TV, Telex, Digital cameras Broadband Video Access Control, Smart Cards, Digital Security Fax, Multimedia, DVD, video-conference Digitized Voice, VoIP, Music on demand

15 Cabling Systems NEWLINK DATA VOICE IMAGES SIGNALS Outside Plant / Off-Premises Systems Telephony Intercoms Public Address Systems ( PAS) Music Cellular technology Internet - Intranet Data Transmission Communication Services Wireless Networks Audio visual Integrated Systems CATV, CCTV, Digital TV, TV-SAT Hospitality Systems Medical Imaging Dictaphones Beepers Hospital Nurse Calling Systems Time Control Systems Access Control and Surveillance Alarm panels, burglary, monitoring Personal Protection Systems Automation, Instrumentation, Control Now Integrated

16 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Telecomm Simplified Telecommunications Model Transmitter Receiver Message to be Sent Physical Media Received Message

17 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Telecomm The Basic Issue in Telecommunications Message Degradation Distortion Interruption Delays Transmitter Receiver

18 Cabling Systems NEWLINK What Happens ? TxRx Noise EMI, RFI Atenuation length, frequency Limited Power Limited Sensitivity Transmitted signal Received Signal Noise overcomes Signal !!

19 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Telecommunication Requirements Signal Transmission Level Media Noise Level Signal Reception Level ACR

20 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Telecomm Data Transmission TransmitterReceiver Data Packet Interference Message Integrity Communication Speed Shared Time Confirmation of Delivery Automatic Routing Encoding / Encripting Low Cost

21 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Internetworking Global Reach, multiprotocol, multi technology... LAN WEB ISP LAN Ethernet, Token Ring FDDI, SONET, ARCnet, BACnet, LONtalk X.25, TCP/IP, ATM Frame Relay, ISDN PSTN V32, ISDN

22 Cabling Systems NEWLINK What is coming on ? Complete Integration of Signals, Voice, Images, Data Higher Speeds More efficient Protocols All Media Capacity Utilization Crescent Use of Fiber Optics Smarter Switches and Equipment Great development for Wireless Technologies

23 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Vision... Integrated Telecommunications over a common architecture, moving large amounts of Information (data packets) with reliability, quality over High- Speed Paths.

24 Cabling Systems NEWLINK What is Structured Cabling ? Passive Installation of Cables and Connectors Organized and Systematic Follows International Standards and Procedures Generic Model Open to diverse Applications Use well defined Elements, parts and tools

25 Cabling Systems NEWLINK STRUCTURED CABLING CODES & STANDARDS CABLES AND COMPONENTS SPACES CONNECTIVITY TESTING PROCEDURES

26 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Telecomm BENEFITS MANUFACTURERS USERS BUILDING CONTRACTORS SUMMARY : Performance Level Guaranteed Documented Easy Moves & Changes Adm Simple Maintenance Generic Cabling brings Flexibility

27 Cabling Systems NEWLINK STANDARDS & CODES ANSI/TIA/EIA 568-B.x TIA/EIA 569 A TIA/EIA 606 TIA/EIA 607 TESTING PROCEDURES TSB-67 ANSI :American National Standards Institute EIA :Electronic Industries Alliance TIA :Telecommunications Industry Association

28 Cabling Systems NEWLINK

29 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Standards

30 Cabling Systems NEWLINK

31 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA Telecommunications Standard for Commercial Buildings

32 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Parts TIA / 568 B.1 - Structured Cabling Guidelines TIA / 568 B.2 - Specifications for Manufacturing UTP TIA / 568 B.3 - Specifications for Fiber Optics + Components TIA / EIA - 568

33 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA Criteria Mandatory :must be implemented Desirable :is a recommendation

34 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA Purpose Specify Generic Cabling System Multiuser, multiparty environment Makes easier installation planning Defines minimum performance levels

35 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA Scope Commercial Buildings Campus Backbone Area up to 1000,000 m2 Population up to 50,000 usuarios Application for Voice, Data, Signaling, Video, Audio 10-year Life Cycle Horizon

36 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Telecomm Elements HORIZONTAL CABLING VERTICAL CABLING WORK AREA TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOM / CLOSET EQUIPMENT ROOM SERVICES ENTRY TIA / EIA-568-B.1

37 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Elements TR IC ER SE Work Area Telecommunications Room Intermediate Closet Equipment Room Service Entry WA Building ABuilding B TR SETR ER WA IC

38 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Elements HUB Voice Data Horizontal Cabling

39 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Elements Vertical Cabling

40 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Elements Space destinated to the users of peripheral equipment. As a rule of thumb an Area of 10 sq. Meter must be destinated for each Work Area. Work Area defines where to put the faceplates loaded with jacks or connectors to be user- administrated. Work Area / Workstation

41 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Elements Destinated to host all the IT processing equipment. This Area is to be used by the Servers, PBX and all the equipment related to the IT Processing. Areas are determined by the TIA/EIA 569 standard Depending upon the size and complexity of the installation it could performs also as a TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOM. Equipment Room

42 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Elements Destinated to Racks, Cabinets containing the Cross-connects and some networking equipment at the beginning of the Horizontal Cabling. Areas are determined by the TIA/EIA 569 standard Depending upon the size and complexity of the installation it could perform as a EQUIPMENT ROOM at the same time. Telecommunications Room

43 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Elements Contains the Entry Cross-Connect that isolates external lines from internal LANs. Electrical protection, fuses and suppresors shall be considered at this point as required by the National Electrical Code. Define the Limit of Responsibilities for Third Party Outside Services. LAN Outside Services Services Entry

44 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Elements TR IC ER SE Work Area Telecommunications Room Intermediate Closet Equipment Room Service Entry WA Building ABuilding B TR SETR ER WA IC

45 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Horizontal Cabling Guidelines Extends from Telecom Room to Work Area Includes :Cross-connects, Cabling, Connectors Optionally :MuTOA, Consolidation Points Maximum Length Channel Configuration (including Patch Cords) = 100 m Permanent Link (without Patch Cords) = 90 m Recommended number of outlets 2 outlets per Work Area as minimum 1 shall be CAT 3 or superior 1 shall be CAT 5E or superior

46 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Cross-Connection Links Cable Segments using Patch Cords or Wire Jumpers Could consist of Patch Panels or other IDC connecting devices Exists in 3 hierarchy levels : Horizontal XC, Intermediate XC, Main XC

47 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Horizontal Cabling Guidelines Minimum consider the following Systems at Design Stage: Voice / Phone, Data, Video, Other (Fire Alarm, BAS, etc) Horizontal Cabling is the most extensive, hard to modify installation, thus select pathways and routes is critical over the entire life-cycle. Consider extra room for future growing and changes. Follows all the guidelines for Pathways and Space Use as per ANSI/EIA/TIA-569 A.

48 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Horizontal Cabling Guidelines Maximum distance covered by Horizontal Cabling is 100 meter. A maximum of 90 meter is allowed from Telecommunications Room to Work Area. Patch cords length shall no exceed 5 meter in each segment end. A total of 10 meter is permited for all Patch Cords over the Horizontal segment. Additional restrictions apply when using optional Consolidation Point or MuTOA configurations.

49 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Horizontal Cabling Guidelines CT AT MAX: 90 m STAR Topology MIN: 15 m CP Consolidation Point (optional) AT MIN: 5 m

50 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Horizontal Cabling Guidelines Optional Maximum One Consolidation Point per Horizontal Link. Minimum Distance from Telecommunications Room to Consolidation Point is 15 meter. Minimum Distance from Consolidation Point to Work Area is 5 meter. All connections at Consolidation Point shall be of the IDC type. Splices are forbidden on UTP or STP copper cables. Up to two (2) splices are allowed when using Optical Fiber.

51 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Horizontal Cabling Guidelines UTP cables must be terminated with its 4 pair completed connected at both ends of the cable. RJ45 jacks with Eight (8) conductors must be used for all Horizontal Terminations. All connectors shall be of the IDC kind termination. Shielded-jacket cables must connect the shield at one end only. When connecting both ends an unwanted antenna effect appears.

52 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Horizontal Cabling Guidelines All the cables routed and connected at the Work Area shall have a correspondent connection at the Telecommunications Room.

53 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Horizontal Cabling Guidelines It is strongly recommended that Work Areas be attended from the closer Telecommunications Room located on the same floor. Do not install any electrical service inside the telecommunications conduit or raceways. Keep recommended distances between power circuits and devices and the bundles of communications cables. For Testing and Certification purposes Structured Cabling Systems ends when it is connected to an Active Equipment. Splitters, adapters and connectors other than RJ45 plugs are considered not part of the Structured Cabling Systems.

54 Cabling Systems NEWLINK RECOMMENDED CABLES –Twisted-pair, balanced, 4-pair, 100 Ohm : UTP - Unshielded Twisted-Pair ScTP – Screened Twisted Pair –2 Optical Fibers (Tx / Rx) : multimode 50 /125 um multimode 62,5/125 um RECOGNIZED CABLES –ScTP with 150 ohm called: STP-A –Hybrid Cables (UTP + FO) in one jacket, individually each cable shall meet ANSI/EIA/TIA-568-B.2 TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Horizontal Cabling Guidelines

55 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Horizontal Cabling Guidelines UTP - Unshielded Twisted-Pair Four (4) Balanced Pair cable 100 Ohms Characteristic Impedance Intereference Protection by Twisting the conductors Most used, most cost-effective Performance Categories –3 up to 16Mhz –5E up to 100Mhz –6 up to 250Mhz

56 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Horizontal Cabling Guidelines Multimode Optical Fiber: –50 um o 62.5 um / 125 um core/cladding –Maximum Length: 90 Mts –Uses LED as light source –Wavelength / Modal Bandwidth 850 nm (3.5 db/km) / 200 Mhz-km 1300 nm (1.0 db/km) / 500 Mhz-km

57 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Elements TR IC ER SE Work Area Telecommunications Room Intermediate Closet Equipment Room Service Entry WA Building ABuilding B TR SETR ER WA IC

58 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Vertical Cabling - Backbone Includes interconnections between: –Horizontal Cross-connects –Intermediate Cross-Connects –Main Cross-connects All the links between Horizontal Cablings and Backbone Cabling must use Cross- connection. MXC XC IC

59 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Vertical Cabling - Backbone Use Hierarchical Star Topology A maximum of two levels is permitted Star arrangement makes troubleshooting easier MXC IC XC HC XC

60 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Vertical Cabling - Backbone Interconnects all the Telecommunications Rooms with the Equipment Room Connect the Service Entry with the Backbone matrix Includes inter-building links in Campus configuration Bldg A Bldg B Bldg C

61 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Vertical Cabling - Backbone Select the routes using the TIA/EIA-569A guidelines All cross connects shall be of the IDC type Optical Fiber could be spliced several times everytime Total Insertion Loss remains below the Maximum allowed Combined lenght of patch cord to not exceed 15 m Active equipment could be used to extend the range for the Vertical Cabling.

62 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Vertical Cabling - Backbone Recognized Cables –Multipair UTP de 22 – 24 AWG –Optical Fiber Multimode –Optical Fiber Single-mode Distancias Máximas: –UTP 800 m - Voice –UTP 90 m - Data –Multimode 2000 m –Single-mode 3000 m

63 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Backbone Distances HC A ES B HCIC MC C Horizontal Cross-connect HC Intermediate X-connect..... IC Main Cross-connect MC Fiber Single-mode Fiber Multimode UTP Balanced - DATA UTP Balanced - VOICE ABC

64 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Optical Fiber Single-mode: 8.3 um / 125 um core/cladding Distance 3,000 m (50 Km in telephony) Use LASER emitters Wavelenght / Bandwidth –1310 nm (1.0 db/km) / MHz-km unlimited –1383 nm (1.0 db/km) / MHz-km unlimited –1550 nm (1.0 db/km) / MHz-km unlimited TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Vertical Cabling - Backbone

65 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Telecommunication Room Area destinated to Telecomunications Services Only Its main function is to host Cabling endings and inter- connects Host all the Cross Connects : Horizontal – Active Equipment Horizontal - Vertical (voice connections) Vertical – Active Equipment Vertical - Vertical (Intermediate Connects) Dimensions and specifications by EIA/TIA-569 A

66 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Work Area Designed for user flexibility Uses a minimum of 2 outlets per each Workstation Permits optionally the use of MuTOA (Multiuser Telecomm Outlet Assemblies) The use of MuTOA use a special formula to compute the maximum patch cords length. For design purposes consider an Area of 10 sq. Meter for each Work Area.

67 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Equipment Room Must contain the main HUB Could contain the MCC and share functions of Telecommunications Room in the same space. Contains the Servers, PBX, Telecom Equipment, all the IT equipment. Generally requires a controlled temperature, air humidity, power stability, safety, etc. Must be designed following TIA/EIA-569 Guidelines

68 Cabling Systems NEWLINK MEDIA : UTP, coaxial, multi-pair, optical fiber CONNECTORS : jacks, patch panels, plugs ORGANIZERS : vertical, horizontal, front/rear SUPPORT : cabinets, racks, boxes, shelves TIA / EIA – 568-B.2 Cabling Components

69 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Requisites for Connectors: –Materials –Smoke Emission –Dimensions and tolerances –Electrical characteristics –Performance by TIA/EIA-568-B.3 –Marking CAT 5, 6, OFNR, etc –Connect / Disconnect # of cycles TIA / EIA – 568-B.2 Cabling Components

70 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Requisites for the cable: –Conductor Materials –Jacket materials –Fire Resistance Properties –Dimensions and Tolerances –Wire section area AWG –Electrical characteristics –Performance by TIA/EIA-568-B.3 –Marking CAT 5, 6, OFNR, etc TIA / EIA – 568-B.2 Cabling Components

71 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.2 Cabling Components Connecting Devices in Structured Cabling Systems shall be of the IDC (Insulation Displacement Connection) type. Including: –Jacks in Outlets –Jacks in Patch Panels –Connecting Blocks –Consolidation or Transition Points

72 Cabling Systems NEWLINK

73 Cabling Systems NEWLINK

74 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA Media : TWISTED PAIRS

75 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Bandwidth, Categories & Classes Bandwidth (MHz) ANSI/TIA/EIAData RateAplication 1CAT 164 kbpsPOTS, EIA CAT 24 MbpsToken Ring 16CAT 310 MbpsEthernet 20CAT 425 MbpsARCNet, ATM 100CAT 5100 MbpsFast Ethernet 100CAT 5E155 Mbps155 ATM 250CAT 6Class EGigabit Ethernet 600*CAT 7*Class F

76 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568 UTP Cable – 4 Pairs

77 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Standard Terminations Par 3 Par 1 Par 2 Par Par 2 Par 1 Par 3 Par T568A T568B

78 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1, B.2 Cabling Components Patch Cords shall use stranded cables Must match the same Category as the Horizontal UTP Cable and connectors. Must be NEWLINK in order to included them for the NEWMAX 25-years Warranty Performance Limits are the same that those who corresponds to UTP solid conductors except by the Insertion Loss / Attenuation that is greater.

79 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Attenuation Decay of the signal power measured by comparing Input against Output levels. Represents the power of signal available at the far end of the cable. Is expressed in decibels (dB). P = -10 log S2S1S2S1 S1S1 S2S2 where S 2 < S 1

80 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Attenuation Each 3 dB step power doubles Each 10 dB step power multiplies by 10 Example: Output Level = 0 dB Media Attenuation = -25 dB Received Signal (%) = 0,31% !! P dB 100% 50% 25% 12,5% 6,25%

81 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Depends on : –Media Type –Transmission Frequency –Temperature (mainly with UTP) –Geometry, Shape (both UTP and Fiber) –Conductor Section (AWG), Core Type (FO) –Electrical Characteristics –Humidity –Other TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Attenuation

82 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568 Attenuation FrequencyCat 3 (dB)Cat 5 (dB)Cat 6 (dB)

83 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568 Attenuation Frequency (MHz) dB ATTENUATION

84 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568-B.1 Next-End CrossTalk: NEXT Unwanted Signal coupling between adjacent pairs Is expressed in dB Diminishes with the Frequency Crosstalk exists only in metallic conductors Larger NEXT values indicates more capacity to transmit higher power levels without interference with other pairs NEXT failures founded during Testing process correspond to cable and connector terminations mainly

85 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568 NEXT FrequencyCat 3 (dB)Cat 5 (dB)Cat 6 (dB)

86 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568 NEXT Frequency (MHz) dB NEXT

87 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA – 568 Available Bandwidth Frequency (MHz) dB ACR NEXT ATTENUATION

88 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA TSB-67 Technical Specifications for Field Testing

89 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA TSB-67 Introduction Define the different Tests that are required for UTP and FO Documents Quality Controls Designed for the TIA/EIA-568 Installations NOTE Formally the requirements for the TSB-67 have been incorporated to the body of the TIA/EIA-568.B-2 standard, but it is mentioned frequently as a reference.

90 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TSB 67 Specifies the Performance requirements for a Link Defines: Test Models Test Procedures Results Interpretation Tester automatically contrast results with laboratory parameters TIA / EIA TSB-67 Scope

91 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA TSB-67 Applicability Suitable for : 4-Balaced Pairs type UTP, 100 Ohms 4-Balaced Pairs type ScTP, 100 Ohms Cable de 4 pares Only applicable for Horizontal Cabling Specific Tests exist for each Category of cable: 3, 5E, 6

92 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA TSB-67 The Points of Failure 1 AB POINT OF FAILURE BY ORIGIN: INSTRUMENTSA, B PATCH CORDS1, 2, 3 – 9, 10, 11 WORKMANSHIP5, 7 PATCH PANEL / JACKS4, 8 CABLE6

93 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA TSB-67 The Workmanship on the Patch Panel Excesive untwist length Poor Insertion / IDC Bad color addressing Different color scheme for the same cable ends

94 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA TSB-67 The Workmanship on the RJ-45 Jack Excessive untwisted Poor Insertion / IDC T568A Scheme T568B Scheme

95 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA TSB-67 Bandwidth, Categories & Classes Bandwidth (MHz) ANSI/TIA/EIAData RateApplication 1CAT 164 kbpsPOTS, EIA CAT 24 MbpsToken Ring 16CAT 310 MbpsEthernet 20CAT 425 MbpsARCNet, ATM 100CAT 5100 MbpsFast Ethernet 100CT 5E155 Mbps155 ATM 250CAT 6Class EGigabit Ethernet 600*CAT 7*Class F

96 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Standard Models : Permanent Link Channel Test TIA / EIA TSB-67 Testing Practices

97 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA TSB-67 Testing Practices Permanent Link –Cross Connect –UTP Cable permanently installed –Outlet Jacks Channel Test –All of the Above plus: –Patch cord in the Cross-connect –Patch cable used in the Work Area

98 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Telecomm. Closet 90 m Work Area XCFp PERMANENT LINK Use the Instrument Patch Cords TIA / EIA TSB-67 Testing Practices

99 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Telecomm. Closet 90 m Work Area XCFp CHANNEL TEST Use the Patch Cords destinated to such specific Work Area TIA / EIA TSB-67 Testing Practices

100 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA TSB-67 Testing Practices During Installation –Check for continuity inmediatly after connecting both ends of the cable –More than 80% of the fails corresponds to an unproper termination (open wires, shorted wires, swapping pairs) After Job Conclusion –Test First for Permanent Link at corresponding Category –If results are OK Test then for Channel configuration –Use current calibrated instruments only

101 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA TSB-67 Testing Practices Testing CAT 6 and CAT 5E links requires improved accuracy from portable certification equipment. Performance Level III Field Testers are required. It is very important to consider that equipment must be in optimal operating conditions to get valid measurements. Set Calibration and good condition for connectors or adapters is a must.

102 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Pair T568AT568B Pair Pair 1 Pair 4 Pair 3Pair 2 Wire Map / Mapping Check straight termination pin-to-pin. Verify: Proper pin termination at each end, Continuity to the remote end, Shorts between any two or more conductors, Crossed pairs, Split pairs, Reversed pairs, Shorted pairs. TIA / EIA TSB-67 Definitions

103 Cabling Systems NEWLINK ScTP Shield Continuity This Test applies only for Shielded Cables. The test consist in verify the consistency for the metallic shield covering the telecommunications pairs. TIA / EIA TSB-67 Definitions

104 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Length / NVP Based Permanent Link Test Maximum 90 m Complete Channel Test Maximum 100 m TIA / EIA TSB-67 Definitions Depending upon the Model under Test, it allows two different results: 100 m including all the elements from patch cord to patch cord 90 m correspondent only to the Permanent Link segment

105 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Insertion Loss (Attenuation) Is the measure representing the level of signal loss along the different elements inserted in the link. Insertion Loss includes the losses of the patch cords when running the Channel Test. It is expressed in terms of Decibels (dB) for easy comparission. Insertion Losses = E Li -L 1 dB -L 2 dB -L 3 dB -L 4 dB -L 5 dB -L 7 dB -L dB 6 TIA / EIA TSB-67 Definitions

106 Cabling Systems NEWLINK CROSS-TALK When a current flows through a wire, an electromagnetic field is created which can interfere with signals on adjacent wires. As frequency increases, this effect becomes stronger. Each pair is twisted because this allows opposing fields in the wire pair to cancel each other. The tighter the twist, the more effective the cancellation and the higher the data rate supported by the cable. Maintaining this twist ratio is the single most important factor for a successful installation. TIA / EIA TSB-67 Definitions Interferent Magnetic field is proportional to the current in the conductor and grows with the frequency

107 Cabling Systems NEWLINK CROSS-TALK Cross-Talk is the interference transfered from a telecommunications pair to other adjacent pairs. Those pairs may belong to the same cable in a multi-pair cable or to a bundle of cables (allien cross-talk). Cross-Talk depends upon the transmission power level, cable geometry and the impedance of the telecommunication conductors. It also increases with an increase of frequency and length (when it is evaluated in the far-end of the cable). It is expressed in dB showing the relationship between the received-to-transmitted signal ratio. TIA / EIA TSB-67 Definitions NEXTFEXT TX SignalWeaked Signal Coupled Interference

108 Cabling Systems NEWLINK NEXT / Near End Cross-Talk Measures the ratio between unwanted coupled interference and intended to transmit signal. It is measured showing the effect of each pair over the others assuming that such effect is symmetrical from pair-A to pair-B as from pair-B over pair-A. NEXT is evaluated in both cable ends. TIA / EIA TSB-67 Definitions Pair Pair 1Pair 3/1 Pair 3 MEASUREMENT Pair 2/1Pair 4/1 Pair 4/2Pair 3/2 Pair 4/3 Tx

109 Cabling Systems NEWLINK PS-NEXT / Powersum Pair Pair 1Pair 3/1 + Pair 3 SIMULTANEOUS EFFECT Pair 2/1 + Pair 4/1 Pair 4/2Pair 3/2 Tx Pair 1/2 Pair 4/3Pair 2/3 Pair 1/3 Pair 4Pair 3/4Pair 2/4 Pair 1/4 Power sum Near-End Crosstalk adds the effect caused by each transmission over 1 pair simultaneously. This is important to consider since Gigabit Ethernet because it utilizes the 4-pairs in a UTP cable to aggregate the required throughput and transmission is full-duplex. Once again it must be evaluated at both cable ends. TIA / EIA TSB-67 Definitions

110 Cabling Systems NEWLINK FEXT / Far End Cross-Talk Far-End Crosstalk evaluates the effect of transmitted signal at the other end over an adjacent cable. It is important because signal diminishes with the distance but interference cumulates power along the cable resulting in a wider and higher interference at the far end against a weak transmitted signal. TIA / EIA TSB-67 Definitions Pair Pair 1Pair 3/1 Pair 3 MEASUREMENT Pair 2/1Pair 4/1 Pair 4/2Pair 3/2 Tx Pair 1/2 Pair 4/3Pair 2/3 Pair 1/3 Pair 4Pair 3/4Pair 2/4 Pair 1/4

111 Cabling Systems NEWLINK PS-FEXT / Powersum Evaluates the simultaneous effect of FEXT adding the interference coming from each pair. With Powersum evaluation the combined effect is measured simulating one of the worst operating conditions Pair 1Pair 3/1 + SIMULTANEOUS EFFECT Pair 2/1 + Pair 4/1 Tx TIA / EIA TSB-67 Definitions

112 Cabling Systems NEWLINK ACR / Attenuation to Cross-talk Ratio ACR is a computed value resulting from measured NEXT and ATTENUATION : ACR = NEXT (dB) - ATTENUATION (dB) ACR brings a reference for the MAXIMUM SIGNAL LEVEL that is possible to transmit in order to get an enough signal level at the remote cable end. NEXT stands here to limit this MAXIMUM inside tolerances; while ATTENUATION demands more signal power to compensate the signal reduction along runnings. ACR establish the real Media capability to carry Signals, and shows how this capability is affected in function of Transmission Frequencies. TIA / EIA TSB-67 Definitions

113 Cabling Systems NEWLINK TIA / EIA TSB-67 Definitions Frequency (MHz) dB ACR NEXT ATTENUATION ACR: how much stronger the signal could be than the background noise at the Transmitter end.

114 Cabling Systems NEWLINK ELFEXT / Equal Level Far End Cross-Talk ELFEXT is another computed magnitud based on FEXT and ATTENUATION: ELFEXT = FEXT (dB) - ATTENUATION (dB) It is derived by subtracting the attenuation of the disturbing pair from the Far End Crosstalk (FEXT) this pair induces in an adjacent pair. This normalizes the results for length. El PS-FEXT considers the cumulative effect of simultaneous transmission over the 4-pair. TIA / EIA TSB-67 Definitions

115 Cabling Systems NEWLINK PROPAGATION DELAY When a signal propagates through a conductor it does not travel at the theoretical c : speed of light in the vacuum, but at a NPV Net propagation Velocity expressed as a factor of such c. Typically a NPV between 65% to 90% is obtained over copper twisted pairs. Testers measures the total amount of time taked by a signal to complete its travel end-to- end. 550 ns 580 ns 510 ns 535 ns TIA / EIA TSB-67 Definitions

116 Cabling Systems NEWLINK DELAY SKEW Because each pair has a different total length, the delay obtained from each pair differs from each other. This parameter evaluates the difference between the faster and the slower pairs. It is specially important for transmission protocols that use the 4 pairs in a full-duplex context. 550 ns 580 ns 510 ns 535 ns TIA / EIA TSB-67 Definitions Delay skew = 580 – 510 = 70 ns

117 Cabling Systems NEWLINK RETURN LOSS To transfer energy from one media to other it is neccesary that a proper impedance matching exists between the two medias. As perfect matching is pure theory, normally the most of the signal pass ahead and a small part is reflected. This reflection is evaluated as Return Loss. This test checks how good enough is the coupling between the UTP cable and the RJ-45 connectors at the cable end. TIA / EIA TSB-67 Definitions reflected

118 Cabling Systems NEWLINK WIRE MAP SHIELD CONTINUITY LENGTH INSERTION LOSS NEXT (pair-to-pair) PS-NEXT Loss FEXT (pair-to-pair) PS-FEXT Loss PROPAGATION DELAY DELAY SKEW RETURN LOSS TIA / EIA TSB-67 PERFORMANCE TEST SUMMARY PS-ACR PS-ELFEXT

119 Cabling Systems NEWLINK

120 Cabling Systems NEWLINK

121 Cabling Systems NEWLINK Certified Installer Participation Complete Data about Project Backbone Diagram CAD drawings showing offices layout Pertinent Connection Schemes List of Materials under Warranty Test Results file (100%) Documents should be recorded in a CD-ROM and mailed to your NEWMAX Distributor REQUIREMENTS NEWMAX ® 25-year Limited Warranty

122 Cabling Systems NEWLINK NEWMAX ® 25-Year materials replacement of defectives 100% existing applications by TIA/EIA 568 based on CAT Damage by thirds, poor environmental and humid/dusty conditions void the expressed Limited Warranty DESCRIPTION 25-year Limited Warranty

123 Cabling Systems NEWLINK


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