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Utilization of Associated Gas to Power Drilling Rigs – A Demonstration in the Bakken 21st Williston Basin Petroleum Conference Regina, SK April 30 – May.

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Presentation on theme: "Utilization of Associated Gas to Power Drilling Rigs – A Demonstration in the Bakken 21st Williston Basin Petroleum Conference Regina, SK April 30 – May."— Presentation transcript:

1 Utilization of Associated Gas to Power Drilling Rigs – A Demonstration in the Bakken 21st Williston Basin Petroleum Conference Regina, SK April 30 – May 2, 2013 Chad Wocken*, Grant Dunham, and Tom Doll Project Sponsors: ND Industrial Commission Oil and Gas Research Council U.S. Department of Energy Continental Resources © 2013 University of North Dakota Energy & Environmental Research Center.

2 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Project Sponsors and Participants

3 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Evaluation of Associated Gas Use 1.Associated Gas Alternative Use Study – analysis of gas use options upstream of gas-processing plants o Small-scale gas processing o Compressed natural gas (CNG)/liquefied natural gas (LNG) for vehicles o Electric power production o Chemical production 2.Bifuel Rig Demonstration – assessment of fuel savings and operational impacts of associated gas– diesel mix EERC Study and Final Project Report

4 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® A Use for Flared Natural Gas Power production for drilling rigs using a mixture of associated gas and diesel provides a near-term opportunity for gas use. Drill rigs are typically powered by three large diesel generators. Diesel engines, properly outfitted with bifuel systems, can utilize a mixture of diesel and natural gas. Significant fuel savings can be achieved because of the price differential between diesel and natural gas. –30%–60% reduced fuel costs –Reduced fuel delivery and associated traffic, engine emissions, and fugitive dust

5 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Wellhead Gas Use in Internal Combustion Engines Powering Drilling Rig Operation Challenges: Wellhead gas contains hydrocarbons such as propane, butane, pentane, and hexane. The introduction of these gaseous fuels to compression ignition engines can lead to: –Engine knock at high replacement rates. –Slight increases in exhaust temperatures. –Changes in stack emissions. –Changes in the combustion properties in the engine. The purpose of this project was to evaluate these impacts with two tasks: –Evaluate GTI Bi-Fuel ® system at the EERC with simulated wellhead gas –Demonstrate GTI Bi-Fuel ® system during actual drilling operations

6 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® GTI STEPCON Bi-Fuel ® System

7 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Gas Composition Dry Pipeline Gas Bakken Gas Composition Bi-Fuel System Recommended Gas Quality Methane, CH %55%>92% Ethane, C 2 H 6 5.5%22%<8% Propane, C 3 H 8 0.3%13%<8% Butane, C 4 H 10 5% <2% combined total butane – heptane Pentane, C 5 H 12 1% Hexane, C 6 H % Heptane, C 7 H % Nitrogen, N 2 1.6%3% Carbon Dioxide, CO 2 0.4%0.5% Higher Heating Value, Btu/scf

8 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Findings from Testing at the EERC Using Simulated Gas Testing at the EERC using simulated Bakken gas –Diesel replacement rates from 0 to 70% –Engine operation at 10%–100% of full load –Various amounts and combinations of natural gas liquids (NGLs) Diesel engines can run on wellhead gas, but the replacement rate is limited because of the potential for engine knock. Up to 50% diesel replacement achieved. Using rich gas at higher diesel replacement rates and heavy load conditions, there was a slight increase in ignition delay and peak cylinder pressure and associated engine vibration.

9 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Field Demonstration Objectives Evaluate diesel engine performance using wellhead gas during actual drilling operations –Monitor engine vibration –Measure emissions –Document fuel savings

10 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Caterpillar 3512C Diesel Generator EngineCaterpillar 3512 (four-stroke cycle) Cylinders12 AspirationTurbo-charged-after-cooled Compression Ratio14.7:1 Speed, rpm1200 Engine Power, hp1476

11 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Typical Engine Load During Steady- State Drilling Operations

12 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Diesel Consumption Rate During Steady-State Drilling Operations

13 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Engine Knock During Steady-State Drilling Operations

14 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Engine Load While Tripping

15 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Engine Knock During Tripping

16 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Diesel Fuel Savings

17 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Load Profile

18 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Comparison of Emissions

19 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Summary of Results Diesel fuel consumption reduced by 18,000 gallons for two wells. A period of 47 days. Fuel-related net cost savings of nearly $60,000. Reduced delivery truck traffic. Beneficial use of wellhead gas. Reduced NO emissions and increased CO and HC emissions compared to diesel-only operation. Mitigation achievable with exhaust gas treatment. Seamless engine operation using the GTI Bi-Fuel ® system.

20 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Impact of Widespread Use Nearly 200 drilling rigs in operation at any given time 1,800,000 Mcf of wellhead gas used per year 18,000,000 gallons of diesel fuel saved per year $72,000,000 diesel fuel cost saved per year 3600 fuel deliveries avoided per year

21 Please visit:

22 Energy & Environmental Research Center University of North Dakota 15 North 23rd Street, Stop 9018 Grand Forks, ND World Wide Web: Telephone No. (701) Fax No. (701) Chad Wocken, Senior Research Manager Please stop by our booth, located at B75, for more information!

23 The International Center for Applied Energy Technology ® Acknowledgment This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory under Award No. DE-FC26-08NT Disclaimer This presentation was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government, nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.


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