Presentation on theme: "A Literacy Rx for EFA: What Every Teacher Needs to Know"— Presentation transcript:
1 A Literacy Rx for EFA: What Every Teacher Needs to Know A Presentation for theComparative International Education SocietyBaltimore, MDFebruary 25, 2007
2 Education For All and Literacy High levels of literacy are quality indicators of primary education.High levels of literacy are the foundation for successful secondary education and an educated workforce.High levels of literacy are essential for lifelong learning and for supporting /promoting a culture of literacy
3 The Goals of a Literacy Program eradication of illiteracymastery of basic skillsapplication of problem solving strategiesindependent reading and writingreading and writing as effective learning toolsreading and writing as valued cultural habitsHow we define success dictates our approach in the classroom
4 Three Models of Reading Text-based Bottom-Up ModelReader-based Top-Down ModelInteractive Model
5 Text-based Bottom-Up Model READER UNDERSTANDING AND KNOWLEDGESemantic AnalysisSyntactic AnalysisLexical AnalysisPerceptual AnalysisTEXTreading is a perceptual processmeaning resides in the textprocessing proceeds from part to whole
6 Reader Based Top-Down Model READER UNDERSTANDING AND KNOWLEDGESemantic AnalysisSyntactic AnalysisLexical AnalysisPerceptual AnalysisTEXTreading is a language processmeaning resides in the readerprocessing proceeds from whole to part
7 READER UNDERSTANDING AND KNOWLEDGE Interactive ModelREADER UNDERSTANDING AND KNOWLEDGESemantic AnalysisSyntactic AnalysisLexical AnalysisPerceptual AnalysisTEXTperception of letters depends on surrounding lettersperception of words depends on syntactic environmentperception of words depends on semantic environmentperception of syntax depends on the semantic contextinterpretation depends on the general context in which the text is encountered
8 Definition of ReadingReading is the process of constructing meaning through the dynamic interaction among the reader, the text, and the context of the reading situation.
9 Factors Contributing to Literacy READER TEXTPrior Knowledge Type/OrganizationKnowledge About Reading Linguistic PropertiesAttitudes & Motivation Structural FeaturesCONTEXTPurpose/TaskInstruction/SupportSetting
10 Components of Literacy: What Students Should Learn Word AnalysisRate and FluencyVocabulary DevelopmentComprehensionStudyingComposition
11 Diagnostic Teaching in Tanzania Program ObjectivesTo help teachers develop high-utility classroom assessment techniques for monitoring pupils’ literacy developmentTo help teachers develop a more articulated understanding of literacy, literacy behaviors, and how literacy developsTo help teachers develop a habit of linking classroom observations, monitoring, knowledge of the literacy process, and instruction.
13 A Literacy Rx for EFAa developmental scope and sequence of literacy objectivesinformal and standardized assessments of literacy progressexplicit teaching of strategies for reading, writing, listening, and discussion