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A Literacy Rx for EFA: What Every Teacher Needs to Know A Presentation for the Comparative International Education Society Baltimore, MD February 25, 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "A Literacy Rx for EFA: What Every Teacher Needs to Know A Presentation for the Comparative International Education Society Baltimore, MD February 25, 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Literacy Rx for EFA: What Every Teacher Needs to Know A Presentation for the Comparative International Education Society Baltimore, MD February 25, 2007

2 Education For All and Literacy  High levels of literacy are quality indicators of primary education.  High levels of literacy are the foundation for successful secondary education and an educated workforce.  High levels of literacy are essential for lifelong learning and for supporting /promoting a culture of literacy

3 The Goals of a Literacy Program  eradication of illiteracy  mastery of basic skills  application of problem solving strategies  independent reading and writing  reading and writing as effective learning tools  reading and writing as valued cultural habits How we define success dictates our approach in the classroom

4 Three Models of Reading  Text-based Bottom-Up Model  Reader-based Top-Down Model  Interactive Model

5 Text-based Bottom-Up Model READER UNDERSTANDING AND KNOWLEDGE Semantic Analysis Syntactic Analysis Lexical Analysis Perceptual Analysis TEXT  reading is a perceptual process  meaning resides in the text  processing proceeds from part to whole

6 Reader Based Top-Down Model READER UNDERSTANDING AND KNOWLEDGE Semantic Analysis Syntactic Analysis Lexical Analysis Perceptual Analysis TEXT  reading is a language process  meaning resides in the reader  processing proceeds from whole to part

7 Interactive Model READER UNDERSTANDING AND KNOWLEDGE Semantic Analysis Syntactic Analysis Lexical Analysis Perceptual Analysis TEXT  perception of letters depends on surrounding letters  perception of words depends on syntactic environment  perception of words depends on semantic environment  perception of syntax depends on the semantic context  interpretation depends on the general context in which the text is encountered

8 Definition of Reading Reading is the process of constructing meaning through the dynamic interaction among the reader, the text, and the context of the reading situation.

9 Factors Contributing to Literacy READERTEXT Prior KnowledgeType/Organization Knowledge About ReadingLinguistic Properties Attitudes & MotivationStructural Features CONTEXT Purpose/Task Instruction/Support Setting

10 Components of Literacy: What Students Should Learn  Word Analysis  Rate and Fluency  Vocabulary Development  Comprehension  Studying  Composition

11 Diagnostic Teaching in Tanzania Program Objectives  To help teachers develop high-utility classroom assessment techniques for monitoring pupils’ literacy development  To help teachers develop a more articulated understanding of literacy, literacy behaviors, and how literacy develops  To help teachers develop a habit of linking classroom observations, monitoring, knowledge of the literacy process, and instruction.

12 Teacher Knowledge of Literacy Item NumberNo AnswerPartial Correct Complete Correct Item #1 Decoding 10/410/510/20 Item #2 Fluency 15/99/56/15 Item #3 Vocabulary 7/05/1018/19 Item #4 Comprehension 14/22/212/27 Item #5 Motivation 13/611/97/14

13 A Literacy Rx for EFA  a developmental scope and sequence of literacy objectives  informal and standardized assessments of literacy progress  explicit teaching of strategies for reading, writing, listening, and discussion


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