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Published byJason Malone
Modified over 3 years ago
Diagnostic Test Dr. Lam, TECM 5195
Original The Union of Concerned Scientists have developed plans for a sport utility vehicle (SUV), that is friendlier to the environment than SUVs on the market.
Sub-Verb agreement and restrictive clauseThe Union of Concerned Scientists HAS developed plans for a sport utility vehicle (SUV), that is friendlier to the environment than SUVs on the market.
Original The UCS Exemplar, is equivalent to the Ford Explorer in nearly every way.
Simple sentence The UCS Exemplar, is equivalent to the Ford Explorer in nearly every way.
Original The real difference lays in it’s higher efficiency, and lower emission of pollutants.
Lays/lies, It’s/its and compound predicateThe real difference lies in it’s higher efficiency, and lower emission of pollutants.
Original The Exemplar uses technologies to protect the planet; engine advances, transmission improvements, drag-reduction techniques, improved exhaust-control equipment and weight-saving technology.
Colon, series comma The Exemplar uses technologies to protect the planet: engine advances, transmission improvements, drag-reduction techniques, improved exhaust-control equipment, and weight-saving technology.
Original Changes to the engine improve control over air and fuel, reduce engine losses, and minimizing energy waste during idling.
Parallelism Changes to the engine improve control over air and fuel, reduce engine losses, and minimize energy waste during idling.
Original The vehicle’s streamlined body lowered aerodynamic drag and low-resistance tires provide further gains.
Compound sentence with coordinating conjunctionThe vehicle’s streamlined body lowered aerodynamic drag, and low-resistance tires provide further gains.
Original By using high-strength lightweight steel, 15 percent of the total vehicle weight was eliminated.
Dangling modifier By using high-strength lightweight steel, designers eliminated 15 percent of the total vehicle weight.
Original These technologies would save 2,900 to 3,900 gallons of gasoline over their lifetime. Therefore cutting emissions of global-warming gases by 37 to 50 tons.
Fragment These technologies would save 2,900 to 3,900 gallons of gasoline over their lifetime, therefore cutting emissions of global-warming gases by 37 to 50 tons.
Original Performance actually increases with these changes, the Exemplar shaves 1.7 seconds off the Explorer’s acceleration speed of 12.4 seconds to go from 0 to 60 miles per hour.
Comma splice Performance actually increases with these changes: the Exemplar shaves 1.7 seconds off the Explorer’s acceleration speed of 12.4 seconds to go from 0 to 60 miles per hour.
Original Engineers met safety requirements by adopting technologies, which have undergone a crash analysis by the American Iron and Steel Institute.
Restrictive Engineers met safety requirements by adopting technologies that have undergone a crash analysis by the American Iron and Steel Institute.
Original The lighter weight avoids crashes because the driver can maneuver and stop easily.
Faulty Predication The lighter weight helps drivers avoid crashes because the driver can maneuver and stop easily.
Original Its a big step to move a concept from the drawing board to the driveway.
It’s/its It’s a big step to move a concept from the drawing board to the driveway.
Original Exemplar-type vehicles are well within Detroits capability, however, getting them into production will require prodding from policymakers.
Possessive, compound sentenceExemplar-type vehicles are well within Detroit’s capability; however, getting them into production will require prodding from policymakers.
Original Consumers would save money driving the Exemplar. Although the sticker price might be a few hundred dollars higher than the price for the Explorer.
Fragment Consumers would save money driving the Exemplar, although the sticker price might be a few hundred dollars higher than the price for the Explorer.
Original The technology improvements which would pay for themselves after two years of lower fuel bills would slash United States emissions by over 240 million tons annually.
Nonrestrictive clauseThe technology improvements, which would pay for themselves after two years of lower fuel bills, would slash United States emissions by over 240 million tons annually.
Original We can put America back on the road to reducing environmental damage caused by driving with stronger policies.
Misplaced Modifier With stronger policies, we can put America back on the road to reducing environmental damage caused by driving.
2 examples of each Coordinating conjunction:Subordinating conjunction: Relative pronoun:
2 examples of each Coordinating conjunction: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so (FANBOYS) Subordinating conjunction: because, although, since, before, while, etc. Relative pronoun: who, which, that, whomever, whichever
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