Building Bridges is a community engagement program that brings together youth and community leaders in a united effort to encourage people to reduce their greenhouse gases. The Building Bridges S.I.M.P.L.E. Driver Stewardship Program is brought to you by: Building Bridges is a community engagement program that brings together youth and community leaders in a united effort to encourage people to reduce their greenhouse gases. The Building Bridges S.I.M.P.L.E. Driver Stewardship Program is brought to you by: Building Bridges With support from Natural Resources Canada
OverviewOverview Program Background Vehicle pollution, health, and the Environment S.I.M.P.L.E. Actions What will you do?
Health and Air Quality Pollution from vehicles contributes to poor air quality, which can have a direct impact on health such as: irritate the respiratory system, and cause lung inflammation reduce lung function, making it harder to breathe aggravate asthma and other respiratory diseases result in a hospital admission, increased use of medications, or, in especially sensitive people, even death
Global Climate Change Gas and diesel burning vehicles also contribute to global climate change. The Earth’s atmosphere acts like a blanket, trapping some of the sun’s heat near the planet’s surface. Without this natural insulation, the average temperature on Earth would be -18°C
Vehicle emissions also contain CO2, an important Green house gas (GHG). If the atmosphere gets too thick with GHGs, too much heat gets trapped. That can mean problems for the whole world. Global Climate Change
Greenhouse Gas Emissions Light duty, passenger vehicles contribute more GHG emissions than other forms of transportation.
1L gas 8,000L air 2.4kg CO 2 50L gas = 120kg CO 2 50L gas = 120kg CO 2
B est of all, these actions are… T here are many actions individuals can take to reduce their gas consumption. B y saving gas, these actions are good for: respiratory health, helping clean the air, fighting climate change, and saving you money! S I M P L E.........
SIMPLESIMPLE dling atch vehicle to need peed limit S I M
SIMPLESIMPLE dling atch vehicle to need ressure peed limit S I M P
SIMPLESIMPLE dling atch vehicle to need ressure eave your car at home peed limit S I M P L
SIMPLESIMPLE dling atch vehicle to need ressure eave your car at home ngine tune up peed limit S I M P L E
S S Reduce your driving speed: The best fuel economy for most vehicles is 90 km/h. Reducing your speed from 100 km/h to 90 km/h improves fuel economy by 10% and from 120 km/h to 90 km/h can save 23% on fuel consumption. Avoid aggressive driving: Aggressive driving, rapid acceleration, or quick stops has been shown to increase fuel use by about 39%, and saves about 4% of your time.
I dling I Avoid idling: Excessive idling pollutes. Turn off the engine whenever you can. If you are stopped for more than ten seconds, turn it off. In the winter, the most effective way to warm up a cold vehicle is to drive it. Idle for 30 seconds and then drive away for optimum performance and fuel efficiency. Remember – idling gets you nowhere!
M atch vehicle to need M Do you need a vehicle?: You could save yourself a lot of money and time by evaluating if you even need a vehicle. Maybe you could take the bus? Or walk to your destinations? What do I need the car for?: This would help you find out what kind of car you need. Do you need a truck for work? Do you just need something small to get into town? Do you need a van because you have a large family?
Should I buy a used car or a new car? Older cars can be less expensive, but can also be bad for the environment and bad on fuel. New cars produce less emission and are more fuel efficient. ? ? M atch vehicle to need M
P ressure P Check tire pressure: 5% of under-inflation = 1% decrease in fuel efficiency. Under-inflation of 20% will reduce the life of your tire by about 15%. *4 tires 15% under- inflated = 12% fuel waste!
L eave your car at home L Before you drive, consider the alternatives : walking, riding your bicycle or taking public transportation. Share vehicles: Carpooling or ride sharing reduces the number of vehicles on the road. Reduce your number of trips: The best way to reduce fuel use and save money is by planning activities and combining errands to reduce the number of trips.
Regular tune-ups: A poorly tuned engine can consume an average of 10% more fuel. One poorly tuned vehicle can emit pollutants equivalent to 20 properly tuned vehicles. E ngine tune up E
Regular tune-ups: A poorly tuned engine can consume an average of 10% more fuel. One poorly tuned vehicle can emit pollutants equivalent to 20 properly tuned vehicles. E ngine tune up E Clean or replace air filters and spark plugs: Clean filters and spark plugs help keep fuel use and greenhouse gas emissions down. Have your idle mixture and idle speed adjusted: Adjusting idle speed according to vehicle specifications on pre-1988 vehicles can decrease greenhouse gas emissions during idling.
Maintain braking systems: Dragging brakes can decrease fuel efficiency by up to 40%. Minimize air conditioner use: Using air conditioning can increase fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by up to 21%. Maintain wheel alignment: Make sure wheels are aligned and balanced, and ball joints or constant velocity joints are lubricated. ther factors O O
Use overdrive and high gears: While driving, strive for the lowest engine rpm at a given road speed by selecting the highest gear in which the vehicle will operate properly. Operate overdrive automatic transmissions in the overdrive mode. Be aerodynamic: Reducing wind resistance on the highway by rolling up the windows cuts fuel consumption. Travel light: The heavier the vehicle, the more fuel it burns. Avoid unnecessary weight. ther factors O O
Have your oxygen sensor checked: Vehicles made in 1988 or after should have the oxygen sensor checked regularly. When this sensor malfunctions, the computer could increase the fuel ration to burn more fuel and thus increasing greenhouse gas emissions. Replace or service the EGR valve: The exhaust gas recirculator (EGR) valve reduces a variety of greenhouse gases. Use a timed block heater: Improve fuel efficiency by 8 to 23% with a block heater at below 0 o C. Set timer for 2.5 hours before you leave. ther factors O O