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Why Maps? An Introduction to Humanitarian Mapping in the Field.

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Presentation on theme: "Why Maps? An Introduction to Humanitarian Mapping in the Field."— Presentation transcript:

1 Why Maps? An Introduction to Humanitarian Mapping in the Field

2 Outline Course Intro and Questions Basic of Design and Monitoring Intro to Humanitarian Technology Technological Realities in the Field (Sabina Carlson) Team Activity Team Presentations and Discussion

3 Course Information

4 Assignments Grading Blog Posts: 15% Class Participation: 10% Presentations: 20% Group Lab Work: 35% Final Simulation: 20% Assignments for next week Personal blog post Team lab work (memo + presentation) CM*Net Wordpress profile

5 Error Message

6 Clarifications – Logging In FirstL cr1s1sM

7 Clarifications - Assignments Assignments All assignments for each class are now under the class number on the website All assignment docs will be posted by the morning of the following class Twitter (not required) Use #tuftscmclass

8 Basics of Design and Monitoring

9 GOAL: Broadest, societal-level change sought OBJECTIVES: Prerequisite changes that are required to reach the goal ACTIVITIES: Events, services that an organization implements

10 CONSIDERATIONS What is success? How do you define it? How will you know it when you see it? What assumptions are you making? Consider how assumptions inform each step of program design. For each assumption, consider the risks: what would happen if the assumption is false?

11 Material reproduced from Designing for Results, Search for Common Ground

12 Humanitarian Action

13 Birth of Humanitarianism Libson, 1755 Devastating earthquake, first instance of international aid distribution Birth of the Red Cross, 1859 Central ideas: compassion, neutrality, volunteer service - we need to alleviate suffering Save the Children, 1919 The first NGO organized around the sending of food parcels to children affected by poor

14 Evolution of Humanitarianism The Golden Age 1980s – Angels of Mercy End of the Cold War Use of relief/development as policy tool Re-emphasis on governments giving aid Global War on Terrorism Winning hearts and minds

15 Principles

16 Key Concepts Internally Displaced Person v. Refugee What do you think is the difference? Humanitarian Emergency International Humanitarian Law Key takeaway: IHL originates in a desire to regulate the behavior of States engaged in armed conflict Main code of the ICRC

17 Major Players

18 The UN System Key Organizations OCHA WFP UNHCR UNICEF WHO Clusters Protection Camp Coordination and Management Water Sanitation and Hygiene Health Emergency Shelter Nutrition Emergency Telecommunications Logistics Early Recovery

19 Accountability? How are NGOs accountable? To whom are they accountable? Donors or beneficiaries? New accountability initiatives Sphere Standards ALNAP Humanitarian Technology?

20 Humanitarian technology

21 What does a map tell you? Source:

22 Technology and the Traditional System

23 Haiti Response: What went wrong? Lucy Rodgers, "Why did so Many Die in Haiti?" BBC News, February 14, 2010, 2010, (accessed December 17, 2010).

24 History Discussion Prior to 2005, what could you have considered crisis mapping? What are key events for crisis mapping? Where do you see crisis mapping going?

25 Important Concepts GIS & Participatory GIS Crisis mapping & Mobile crisis mapping GPS Crowd sourcing & crowd feeding

26 Benefits and Challenges Rapid Assessments Disease/outbreak monitoring Increased access Monitoring and evaluation Security Technological challenges Incomplete or inaccurate information Learning curve

27 Team Activity

28 Earthquake in Morocco Background Rabat, Morocco Upcoming election: 2 weeks 7.5 earthquake 2:00 am GMT February 1 Extensive damage throughout the city

29 NGO Teams WFP Team Leader: Lucy Dana Eric Vanessa Rebecca UNICEF Team Leader: David Alyssa Stefan Emily C

30 NGO Teams Ministry of Health Team Leader: Kevin Hans Melissa Kaitlyn Maha Morocco Red Crescent Team Leader: Madeline Miriam Emily P. Yunmo

31 NGO Teams Catholic Relief Services Team Leader: Sunetra Michael Kayla Jia Thiago ROMENACA Roz Jenn

32 Your Assignment Assemble your team Do you respond? Do you not? Why? You need to create a 3 minute presentation for ROMENACA Look at the questions on your hand-out You have 45 minutes to plan

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