Presentation on theme: "Why Maps? An Introduction to Humanitarian Mapping in the Field."— Presentation transcript:
Why Maps? An Introduction to Humanitarian Mapping in the Field
Outline Course Intro and Questions Basic of Design and Monitoring Intro to Humanitarian Technology Technological Realities in the Field (Sabina Carlson) Team Activity Team Presentations and Discussion
Assignments Grading Blog Posts: 15% Class Participation: 10% Presentations: 20% Group Lab Work: 35% Final Simulation: 20% Assignments for next week Personal blog post Team lab work (memo + presentation) CM*Net Wordpress profile
Clarifications – Logging In tuftscrisismappingclass.com/wp-admin FirstL cr1s1sM
Clarifications - Assignments Assignments All assignments for each class are now under the class number on the website All assignment docs will be posted by the morning of the following class Twitter (not required) Use #tuftscmclass
GOAL: Broadest, societal-level change sought OBJECTIVES: Prerequisite changes that are required to reach the goal ACTIVITIES: Events, services that an organization implements
CONSIDERATIONS What is success? How do you define it? How will you know it when you see it? What assumptions are you making? Consider how assumptions inform each step of program design. For each assumption, consider the risks: what would happen if the assumption is false?
Material reproduced from Designing for Results, Search for Common Ground
Birth of Humanitarianism Libson, 1755 Devastating earthquake, first instance of international aid distribution Birth of the Red Cross, 1859 Central ideas: compassion, neutrality, volunteer service - we need to alleviate suffering Save the Children, 1919 The first NGO organized around the sending of food parcels to children affected by poor
Evolution of Humanitarianism The Golden Age 1980s – Angels of Mercy End of the Cold War Use of relief/development as policy tool Re-emphasis on governments giving aid Global War on Terrorism Winning hearts and minds
Key Concepts Internally Displaced Person v. Refugee What do you think is the difference? Humanitarian Emergency International Humanitarian Law Key takeaway: IHL originates in a desire to regulate the behavior of States engaged in armed conflict Main code of the ICRC
The UN System Key Organizations OCHA WFP UNHCR UNICEF WHO Clusters Protection Camp Coordination and Management Water Sanitation and Hygiene Health Emergency Shelter Nutrition Emergency Telecommunications Logistics Early Recovery
Accountability? How are NGOs accountable? To whom are they accountable? Donors or beneficiaries? New accountability initiatives Sphere Standards ALNAP Humanitarian Technology?
Haiti Response: What went wrong? Lucy Rodgers, "Why did so Many Die in Haiti?" BBC News, February 14, 2010, 2010, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8510900.stm (accessed December 17, 2010).http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8510900.stm
History Discussion Prior to 2005, what could you have considered crisis mapping? What are key events for crisis mapping? Where do you see crisis mapping going?
Important Concepts GIS & Participatory GIS Crisis mapping & Mobile crisis mapping GPS Crowd sourcing & crowd feeding
Benefits and Challenges Rapid Assessments Disease/outbreak monitoring Increased access Monitoring and evaluation Security Technological challenges Incomplete or inaccurate information Learning curve