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The End of WW II. The Downfall of Hitler and Mussolini By 1944, the Allies occupied Europe at Normandy on the French coast (D-Day) By 1944, the Allies.

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Presentation on theme: "The End of WW II. The Downfall of Hitler and Mussolini By 1944, the Allies occupied Europe at Normandy on the French coast (D-Day) By 1944, the Allies."— Presentation transcript:

1 The End of WW II

2 The Downfall of Hitler and Mussolini By 1944, the Allies occupied Europe at Normandy on the French coast (D-Day) By 1944, the Allies occupied Europe at Normandy on the French coast (D-Day) German cities were being destroyed by bombing German cities were being destroyed by bombing Allied armies were taking back land taken over by the Nazis Allied armies were taking back land taken over by the Nazis Italy, Germany's major ally under the leadership of Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, had fallen. Italy, Germany's major ally under the leadership of Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, had fallen. A few days before the surrender of German and Italian troops in Italy, Italian rebels captured Mussolini trying to make his escape to Switzerland. He was executed, along with his mistress, Clara Petacci. Their bodies were taken to Milan, desecrated, and hung upside down on public display. A few days before the surrender of German and Italian troops in Italy, Italian rebels captured Mussolini trying to make his escape to Switzerland. He was executed, along with his mistress, Clara Petacci. Their bodies were taken to Milan, desecrated, and hung upside down on public display.

3 What was the date the Allies invaded the German-held French beaches of Normandy (the largest military operation in US military history)? June 6, 1944 (D- Day) June 6, 1944 (D- Day)

4 D-DAY INVASION BEACHES

5 D-DAY: THE ALLIED INVASION OF NAZI OCCUPIED WESTERN EUROPE D-Day Statistics General Dwight D. Eisenhower Allied supreme commander Nine allied divisions invaded on D-Day, 3 airborne and 6 infantry, 150,000 soldiers 12,000 planes 5,000 ships escorted the invasion force 20,000 troops were landed by air either parachute or gliders to protect the flanks of the invasion force from German counterattacks Shoulder sleeve insignia are of the American units, division and above, that were involved in the Normandy invasion on June 6, 1944.

6 US TROOPS ADVANCE OFF THE INVASION BEACHES AFTER DEFEATING THE GERMAN COASTAL DEFENDERS

7 A HEAVY PRICE WAS PAID FOR BY US SOLDIERS IN THE SUCCESSFUL INVASION OF FRANCE

8 US TROOPS MARCH IN A VICTORY PARADE AFTER THE LIBERATION OF PARIS IN LATE AUGUST 1944

9 Hitler's Last Days/ End of WW II Several attempts were made on Hitler's life during the war, but each plot was foiled Several attempts were made on Hitler's life during the war, but each plot was foiled The war for Germany appeared to be inevitably lost as the US and its allies surrounded and then invaded Germany after the last German Offensive (The Battle of the Bulge) The war for Germany appeared to be inevitably lost as the US and its allies surrounded and then invaded Germany after the last German Offensive (The Battle of the Bulge) Hitlers hand-picked lieutenants, seeing the futility, defied his orders or committed suicide Hitlers hand-picked lieutenants, seeing the futility, defied his orders or committed suicide Hitlers 2 nd in command Heinrich Himmler committed suicide after capture

10 The Battle of the Bulge Unternehmen Wacht am Rhein (in English: "Operation Watch on the Rhine") 19,000 Americans killed, the Battle of the Bulge was the single largest and bloodiest battle that American forces experienced in World War II British losses totaled 1,400. British losses totaled 1,400.

11 Hitler's Last Days On April 30, 1945, as the Battle of Berlin raged above him and realizing that all was lost, Hitler killed himself. On April 30, 1945, as the Battle of Berlin raged above him and realizing that all was lost, Hitler killed himself. His long-term mistress and new bride, Eva Braun, joined him in suicide His long-term mistress and new bride, Eva Braun, joined him in suicide Adolf was found with gunshot wounds to the head and both Eva and Hitler with traces of cyanide poisoning Adolf was found with gunshot wounds to the head and both Eva and Hitler with traces of cyanide poisoning Aside them laid Hitlers dead German Shepherd Blondi Aside them laid Hitlers dead German Shepherd Blondi The front cover of Time magazine, May 7, Although he had committed suicide on April 30 and German radio reported Hitler had died in battle on May 1, his death was widely presumed but not yet confirmed.Time magazineMay April 30May 1

12 Hitler and Blondi- During the Fall of Berlin, before Hitler committed suicide, he ordered his physician Dr. Stumpfegger to test his cyanide pills on Blondi to ensure they worked

13 Eva Braun Hitler (wife of the Fuhrer)

14 A Computer-animated pic of Hitlers underground bunker

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16 What happened to the Hitlers bodies? Several witnesses stated that on April 30 th he Hitlers dead bodies were carried up to ground level through the bunker's emergency exit to a small, bombed-out garden behind the Chancellery where they were doused with gasoline and set on fire by members of Hitler's personal SS bodyguard. The SS guards and Linge later noted the fire did not completely destroy the corpses, but Russian Soviet shelling of the bunker compound made further cremation attempts impossible and the remains were later covered up in a shallow bomb crater after 18:00. Several witnesses stated that on April 30 th he Hitlers dead bodies were carried up to ground level through the bunker's emergency exit to a small, bombed-out garden behind the Chancellery where they were doused with gasoline and set on fire by members of Hitler's personal SS bodyguard. The SS guards and Linge later noted the fire did not completely destroy the corpses, but Russian Soviet shelling of the bunker compound made further cremation attempts impossible and the remains were later covered up in a shallow bomb crater after 18:00.SS On May 2 the remains of Hitler, Braun and two dogs (thought to be Blondi and her offspring Wulf) were discovered in a shell crater by Ivan Churakov of the Russian 79th Rifle Corps On May 2 the remains of Hitler, Braun and two dogs (thought to be Blondi and her offspring Wulf) were discovered in a shell crater by Ivan Churakov of the Russian 79th Rifle CorpsBlondi 79th Rifle CorpsBlondi 79th Rifle Corps

17 The Nazis Surrender Roosevelt (USA), Churchill (Britain), and Stalin (Russia) made arrangements for post- war Europe at the Yalta Conference in February 1945 Roosevelt (USA), Churchill (Britain), and Stalin (Russia) made arrangements for post- war Europe at the Yalta Conference in February 1945 Roosevelt Churchill Stalin Roosevelt Churchill Stalin American, British, French and Russian forces eventually surrounded Berlin in late April of 1945 American, British, French and Russian forces eventually surrounded Berlin in late April of 1945 On May 7 th, the Nazis surrendered; VE-Day (Victory in Europe Day) On May 7 th, the Nazis surrendered; VE-Day (Victory in Europe Day)

18 FDRs Death About 2 weeks before Hitler committed suicide, around noon on April 12, 1945 FDR was being served lunch when he stated "I have a terrific headache" and then collapsed of a massive Cerebral Hemorrhage. About 2 weeks before Hitler committed suicide, around noon on April 12, 1945 FDR was being served lunch when he stated "I have a terrific headache" and then collapsed of a massive Cerebral Hemorrhage. Vice President Harry S. Truman was sworn as President Vice President Harry S. Truman was sworn as President FDR never saw the end of WW 2 FDR never saw the end of WW 2 Break for homefront video

19 FDRs funeral procession

20 The Surrender and Defeat of Japan During the Potsdam Conference of July 1945, the Allies gave Japan an ultimatum- unconditional surrender or face destruction During the Potsdam Conference of July 1945, the Allies gave Japan an ultimatum- unconditional surrender or face destruction The Allies also agreed to divide up Germany The Allies also agreed to divide up Germany Japan –refused to surrender despite nightly firebombing of its cities such as Tokyo and Yokohama Japan –refused to surrender despite nightly firebombing of its cities such as Tokyo and Yokohama The Allies were planning a massive 2-part invasion of Japan code-named Operation Downfall to begin on X-Day, November 1, 1945 and end with Y-Day on March 1, 1946 The Allies were planning a massive 2-part invasion of Japan code-named Operation Downfall to begin on X-Day, November 1, 1945 and end with Y-Day on March 1, 1946 The invasion would have included troops from the USA, Canada, Britain and Australia

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22 The Russians were planning to invade from the north-they had already taken over the Kuril Islands by early August

23 Why did Truman decide to drop the Atomic Bombs on Japan? 1. To bring the war to a swifter end. 2. The battle for Okinawa had shown that an D-Day type of invasion of the Japanese mainland (planned for November) would result in large numbers of American casualties. The official estimate given to the Secretary of War was 1 million Allied casualties, though some historians dispute whether this would have been the case. 3. Invasion would also have meant the death of tens of millions of Japanese soldiers and civilians, who were being trained as militia. 4. The Japanese were refusing to surrender (to surrender is a dishonor)-break for Pacific scene from Okinawa

24 What 2 Japanese cities were the Atom bombs dropped on? 1. Hiroshima (August 6) 2. Nagasaki (August 9) 5 days after the 2 nd bomb was dropped, the Japanese surrendered on August 14, 1945, or V-J day, signing the Japanese Instrument of Surrender on September 2. 5 days after the 2 nd bomb was dropped, the Japanese surrendered on August 14, 1945, or V-J day, signing the Japanese Instrument of Surrender on September 2. The Japanese troops in China formally surrendered to the Chinese on September 9, The Japanese troops in China formally surrendered to the Chinese on September 9, Japanese military leader General Tojo was executed by hanging for war crimes in 1946 Japanese military leader General Tojo was executed by hanging for war crimes in 1946

25 THE FIRST ATOMIC BOMB WAS DROPPED ON THE CITY OF 1.HIROSHIMA AUGUST 6 TH, 1945, 70,000 KILLED AND EVEN MORE WOUNDED

26 A SECOND ATOMIC BOMB WAS DROPPED ON 2. NAGASAKI AND THE JAPANESE SURRENDERED AUGUST 9 TH, 40,000 KILLED

27 V J DAY, AUGUST 14, 1945 WORLD WAR II ENDS Break for war videoBreak for war video

28 The Results of the War 1. The Holocaust: US and Allied soldiers discovered gruesome sites when liberating Nazi Occupied Europe: the victims where Jews and other of Hitlers enemies_were being systematically massacred by the Nazis 2. The Russian Soviet communists took over all of Eastern Europe- the Cold War followed as a competitive arms race between the United States and The Soviet Union (Russia)

29 The Results of the War 3. Germany was rebuilt and split into East (controlled by the Russians) and West (controlled by Britain, France and the USA) 3. Germany was rebuilt and split into East (controlled by the Russians) and West (controlled by Britain, France and the USA) 4. The formation of the United Nations (UN) an international organization made up of all nations to prevent further wars 4. The formation of the United Nations (UN) an international organization made up of all nations to prevent further wars 5. The Jewish people were finally given their own country by the UN- Israel 5. The Jewish people were finally given their own country by the UN- Israel

30 After WW 2 Germany was occupied by 4 countries

31 West and East Germany

32 The Results of the War 6. European colonies in Asia and Africa granted independence. 6. European colonies in Asia and Africa granted independence. 7. Japan (who fought the Allies on Germanys side) along w/ Germany was occupied and rebuilt by the USA. 7. Japan (who fought the Allies on Germanys side) along w/ Germany was occupied and rebuilt by the USA. 8. The USA becomes the most powerful nation in the world 8. The USA becomes the most powerful nation in the world

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34 The Results of the War 9. Women gain even more rights by working in the factories building weapons to help the war effort. (Rosie the Riveter) 9. Women gain even more rights by working in the factories building weapons to help the war effort. (Rosie the Riveter) 10. US Isolation/neutrality ended 10. US Isolation/neutrality ended 11. Due to massive war production in the factories, the United States recovered completely from the Great Depression. 11. Due to massive war production in the factories, the United States recovered completely from the Great Depression.

35 The Results of the War-Our New World Challenge


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