2IntroductionFire service ground ladders are essential in the performance of many fireground and rescue scene functions.It is crucial that firefighters be knowledgeable of the characteristics and proper uses of fire service ground ladders.
3ObjectiveThe student will demonstrate a basic understanding of ground ladder operations, positioning of ground ladders, carrying ground ladders, raising ground ladders, and climbing ground ladders.
4Ground Ladder Skills Review Identify the purpose of fire service ground ladders.Identify parts of the ladder.Demonstrate proper placement and safe climbing technique.Raise portable ladders carried on apparatus.Climb correctly the full length of those ladders.
19Roof LadderSingle ladder with hooks at tip for anchoring to roof ridge.Distributes firefighters weight, prevents slipping.Length range from 12 to 24 feet.
20Folding Ladder- Commonly called attic ladders Folding Ladder- Commonly called attic ladders. May be folded and used in narrow spaces (attic access). Most common length is 10 feet.
21Combination LadderMay be used as a stepladder or single extension ladder.Lengths range from 8 to 14 feet
22Extension LadderAdjustable in length, it consists of a bed section and one or more fly sections
23Ground Ladder Safety Always wear full protective clothing ALWAYS check for overhead obstructionsUse proper ladder for proper jobUse leg muscles when liftingMake sure ladder is at proper climbing angleDo Not overload ladder
24Always secure into ground ladders with leg lock or ladder belt when working off of Inspect for damage and wear after each useMake sure pawls are locked on extension ladders before climbingUse proper number of firefighters for each raiseAlways deploy second ladder for secondary means of egress.( opposite ends of building if possible)
25Proper Ladder Selection Before raising ground ladders, the firefighter must select the proper ladder for the job.Residential story - 8 to 10 ft.Commercial story - 12 ftLadder should be extended 5 rungs above roof line, provides a means to see exit off roof.
26Place ladder even with top of window on the upwind side when used for ventilation or access from the side.Place ladder under windowsill for rescue.Place ladder directly in front of window when used to direct hose stream or to place a ventilation fan
27Ladder Selection Chart First Story Roof - 16 to 20 ft.Second Story Window - 20 to 28 ft.Second Story Roof - 28 to 35 ft.Third Story Window or Roof - 40 to 50 ft.Fourth Story Roof - Over 50 ft, will use aerial ladder.
43Applying A Leg Lock On A Ground Ladder Apply leg lock to the opposite side that you are working from.
44Applying A Leg Lock On A Ground Ladder Note that on this leg lock the foot is around the beam instead of the rung.
45For more information on ground ladders please reference the following Firehouse.Com Training Zone - Drills of the Month (Ground Ladders)Essentials of Fire Fighting ( Fourth Edition) Chapter 9Fire Service GROUND LADDERS (ninth edition)