10Ventricular Tachycardia: Fast heart rhythm which does not allow the heart to fill properly and cardiac output is compromised and reduced.
11Ventricular Fibrillation: disorganized series of electrical discharges in the ventricles. Where the ventricles “quiver”.Stops Cardiac output and hearts pumping ability.
12AED’s that are available are automatic and semi-automatic.
13Automatic: where machine does all of the work Automatic: where machine does all of the work. Semi Automatic: where machine tells you when to push button to deliver shock.
14Apply AED as soon as you determine that your patient is not breathing and does not have a pulse.
15Always making sure that CPR is still in progress while you are setting up the AED. If by yourself, apply the AED.
16Ensure before putting pads on chest, it is clear of all patches, paste or pacemakers. Don’t cover something up with pad.
17If patient has hair on chest that could interfere with conduction, make sure you shave it off with razor provided to you.You want pads on chest to fit snug and secure.
18“Red on Ribs! White on right!” Now attach the adhesive pads to the cables remembering- White is negative, anterior chest wall. Red is positive , left anterior axillary line.“Red on Ribs! White on right!”
19Do Not Utilize The Anterior – Posterior (Front and Back) Lead Placement For Automatic Defibrillation
20Now turn on machine and wait for AED to analyze the patients rhythm Now turn on machine and wait for AED to analyze the patients rhythm. Making sure that CPR has been stopped for machine to detect rhythm.
21While waiting for machine, you can begin your patient information by speaking clearly into the tape recorder of the machine. You want to give certain information.
22- Patients age. - Patients past medical history. - Patients medications. - Brief description of what happened prior to your arrival.
23When machine advises a shock is indicated, ”CLEAR” your patient When machine advises a shock is indicated, ”CLEAR” your patient. Ensuring that no one is touching patient or stretcher.
24When the AED delivers a shock it will go back and reanalyze the rhythm When the AED delivers a shock it will go back and reanalyze the rhythm. If another shock is appropriate “Clear Patient” and deliver the shock.
25Sets of 3 shocks are called stacked shocks and they are done without any pauses to check patients pulse or administer CPR
26If “No shock” is indicated: -Check breathing give appropriate oxygen therapy. -Check pulse, if no pulse! Start CPR for 1 minute and then have the AED reassess.
27Transport patient when:. Patient regains a pulse Transport patient when: *Patient regains a pulse *Total of 6 shocks have been given. *AED has indicated 3 “no shocks”with intervening CPR.
28Defibrillator Some ALS providers will choose to leave the AED in place Defibrillator Some ALS providers will choose to leave the AED in place. Some will choose to use their monitor for manual defibrillation.
29Safety should always be maintained by the provider: -Not using near or around water -Ensuring all med patches and pastes are off the patient. -Making sure that everyone is clear of the patient when the shock is delivered.
30Indications for AED * Unresponsive * Apneic * Pulseless patients.
31Adult Patients > 8 years old > 55 lbs. Unresponsive,pulseless and apneic.
32Contraindications:Infants and children< 8 years old< 55 lbs.
33Contraindications: !! Hypothermia !! (Contact medical control)
34Contraindications: Rigor / Livor Mortis No Code /DNR
35The AED can’t properly analyze patient in moving ambulance The AED can’t properly analyze patient in moving ambulance. It is recommended that you stop the medic and let AED do it’s job.
36Please review your Regional Medical Protocol Manual for further information