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CPR/AED – Assisting A Person in Cardiac Arrest Lessons Provided by the Office of Healthy Schools – March 2015
Lesson Objective: –Students to identify, assess, and learn to respond to a cardiac arrest emergency situation using cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Lesson #1 – Learn the Facts – Cardiac Arrest and CPR CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 2
Anyone can learn CPR and everyone should! CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 3
http://handsonlycpr.org/ http://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=GMjXrF ig7M4http://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=GMjXrF ig7M4 CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 4
Factors that you cannot change: –Heredity –Gender –Age Risk Factors for Heart Disease CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 5
Factors that you can change: –Tobacco smoking –High blood pressure –High cholesterol –Diabetes –Overweight and obesity CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 6
Not the same thing. –Sudden cardiac arrest occurs when electrical impulses in the heart become rapid or chaotic, which causes the heart to suddenly stop beating. –A heart attack occurs when the blood supply to part of the heart muscle is blocked. A heart attack may cause cardiac arrest. Cardiac Arrest or Heart Attack ??? CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 7
1. Recognition and Action 2. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) 3. Defibrillation 4. Advanced Care 5. Post-Arrest Care A Rapid Sequence of Events Need to Occur….. CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 8
Sudden loss of responsiveness Not breathing Breathing abnormally No response to tapping on shoulders Does nothing when you ask if he’s OK Signs of Sudden Cardiac Arrest CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 9
1. Yell for help Tell someone to call 9-1-1 and get an AED (if one is available) 2. Check Breathing If the person is not breathing – give CPR 3. Push hard and push fast Use an AED as soon as it arrives 4. Keep pushing until the person starts to breathe or move or until someone with more Advanced training takes over. Steps to follow when signs of Cardiac Arrest are Present: CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 10
The life you save with CPR is most likely to be a loved one. –4 out of 5 cardiac arrests happen at home. –The life that you save is likely to be someone at home: child, parent or friend. –African-Americans are almost twice as likely to experience cardiac arrest. Who Can you Save with CPR? CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 11
Hands-Only™ CPR instructional videoHands-Only™ CPR instructional video. CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 12
Your actions can only help. If you see an unresponsive adult who is not breathing or not breathing normally, call 9-1-1 and push hard and fast on the center of the chest. Don’t be Afraid! CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 13
Lesson Objective: Students will learn how an automated external defibrillator (AED works. They will practice hands-only CPR skills. Lesson #2 – Practicing CPR Skills & Learning about an AED CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 14
Hands-Only™ CPR instructional videoHands-Only™ CPR instructional video. CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 15
If you see an unresponsive person who is not breathing of not breathing normally: 1. Call 9-1-1 or have someone call 9-1-1 and get an AED. 2. Do chest Compressions a. Position your hands over the center of the person’s chest. b. Press down hard at a rate of 100 times per minute. Review of Hands-Only CPR Procedure CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 16
Let’s practice the CPR Skills that you have learned. Practice CPR Skills CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 17
A rescue device that delivers a controlled, precise shock to the heart. An AED can restore the heart’s electrical rhythm and heart beat in the event of a cardiac arrest. The Automated External Defibrillator - AED CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 18
Step 1: Before using an AED, check for the presence of water near the unconscious person. Move him or her away from wetness when delivering shocks. Step 2: Turn on the AED’s power. The device will give you step by step instructions. You will hear voice prompts and see prompts on a screen. Steps in Using an AED CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 19
Step 3: Expose the person’s chest. If the person’s chest is wet, dry it. Step 4: Place the pads on the person’s chest as illustrated: CPR Training
Step 5: Check that the wires from the electrodes are connected to the AED. Make sure that no one is touching the person, and then press the “analyze” button. Stay clear while the machine checks the person’s heart rhythm. CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 21
Step 6: If shock is needed, the AED will let you know when to deliver it. Stand clear of the person and make sure others are clear before you push the AED’s “shock” button. Step 7: Start or resume CPR until emergency medical help arrives. Report all information that you have to the emergency crew. CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 22
Where is an AED found? –An AED may be located on the school campus or close by at a community facility. –It will be helpful for students to know the location of these devices and who to contact if an AED is needed. CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 23
The goal of these CPR/AED lessons has been to properly train students to provide assistance to a person who is experiencing cardiac arrest. Through these lessons they have learned to identify, assess and respond to an emergency situation using CPR and have learned about an AED. Closing CPR Training©MDE – Office of Healthy Schools 24
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