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Using an AED. When the heart “suddenly” fails 1. Heart has an electrical system 2. Signal sent through the upper chambers (atria) 3.Continues through.

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Presentation on theme: "Using an AED. When the heart “suddenly” fails 1. Heart has an electrical system 2. Signal sent through the upper chambers (atria) 3.Continues through."— Presentation transcript:

1 Using an AED

2 When the heart “suddenly” fails 1. Heart has an electrical system 2. Signal sent through the upper chambers (atria) 3.Continues through lower chambers (ventricles) 4.This signal causes the muscle to contract and relax at a regular rhythm

3 Damage hearts can have a faulty electrical system 1. Abnormal heart rhythms that can stop the circulation of blood 2.If circulation is disrupted it will eventually make it back to the heart muscle and when that fails the heart stops

4 Types of Rhythms

5 This is a rhythm you can shock

6 If the heart suddenly stops… 1.The victim will most likely collapse, become unconscious and stop breathing 2.This is where seconds count – they typically go into one of the shock-able rhythms first before complete heart stop

7 If you do nothing else… The most important thing you can do as a layperson responder is to call for help. If you don’t call…They probably don’t live.

8 If you do nothing else… During sudden heart stop – don’t forget to call 911 FIRST!

9 Using an AED AED can be used as soon as it’s available: 1.Don’t stop CPR until you are ready to apply the AED 2.Follow the prompts on the machine 3.I’m clear – you’re clear – we’re all clear

10 Precautions for an AED… 1.Do not use alcohol to wipe the person’s chest dry – It’s flammable 2.Do not use an AED and/or pads designed for adults on children younger than 8 or weighing less than 55 pounds unless Pediatric Pads are available 3.Do not use pediatric pads on a child / adult older than 8 years old. Pediatric pads deliver a lower voltage that is appropriate for children only. 4.Don’t touch the person while analyzing or shocking

11 Precautions for an AED… 1.Do not defribullate around flammable items 2.Do not use in a moving vehicle 3.Do not use on a person that is wet or in contact with water. 4.Do not put the AED Pad on top of a nitroglycerin patch or other medical patch. 5.Pacemakers do not typically present any problems with using an AED

12 How to use the AED 1.Call Remove the shirt of the victim 3.Apply the pads to the chest as shown on the pads 4.Turn the unit on 5.Tell everyone to “STAND CLEAR” 6.Follow any other prompts while analyzing 7.If advised to shock – MAKE SURE EVERYONE IS CLEAR 8.Press the shock button 9.Continue CPR

13 Special Situations Water 1.Remove the victim from the water 2.Dry them off 3.Make sure you are not wet or in any water on the ground 4.Avoid getting the unit or the pads overly wet. – Rain won’t make a huge difference as long as it’s not a monsoon!

14 Special Situations Pacemakers 1.Usually located below the left collar bone and don’t present a problem with pad placement 2.Do not put a pad in contact with the pacemaker 3.If unsure about a pacemaker, shock anyway – usually won’t make a difference.

15 Special Situations Pacemakers 1.Usually located below the left collar bone and don’t present a problem with pad placement 2.Do not put a pad in contact with the pacemaker 3.If unsure about a pacemaker, shock anyway – usually won’t make a difference.

16 Special Situations Medical Patches 1.Remove the patch – be sure you are wearing gloves, you can receive the medication if you get it on your skin

17 Special Situations Hypothermia 1.Be sure the victim is dry (as much as possible) 2.Never withhold CPR or AED use while trying to re- warm someone

18 Special Situations Chest Hair 1.Excessive chest hair may interfere with the machine 2.Use a set of pads on the chest hair – press down hard then rip them off and remove some of the hair 3.Some AED kits have a safety razor to remove hair also


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